429-437 Chapter 10

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429-437 Chapter 10
2013-11-27 22:52:16
IBS 102

chapter 10
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  1. inflammation of the mucous membrane within the nose.
    nasal mucositis
  2. small, tumorlike growths that project from a mucous membrane surface, including the inside of the nose, the paranasal sinuses, and the vocal cords
    polyps, nasal and vocal cord
  3. discharge from the nose
  4. bacterial respiratory infection characterized by a sore throat, fever, and headache
  5. bacterial infection of the respiratory tract with a characteristic high-pitched "whoop"
    • pertussis
    • (whooping cough)
  6. acute respiratory disorder usually occurring in the lower respiratory tract in children and the upper respiratory tract in adults. most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants and highly contagious in young children
    respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  7. abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
  8. chronic infectious disorder caused by an acid-fast bacillus, mycobacterium tuberculosis. transmission is normally by inhalation or ingestion of infected droplets.
    tuberculosis (TB)
  9. respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of paroxysmal dyspnea. patients exhibit coughing, wheezing, and SOB
  10. when asthma attack becomes continuous
    status asthmaticus
  11. asthma caused from an allergic reaction to an inhaled substance
  12. asthma cause is unknown
  13. asthma less than 2x a week
    intermittent asthma
  14. asthma more than 2x per week
    persistent asthma
  15. chronic dilation of the bronchi. symptoms include dyspnea, expectoration of foul-smelling sputum, and coughing
  16. respiratory disorder characterized by a progressive and irreversible diminishment in inspiratory and expiratory capacity of the lungs. patients experiences DOE, difficulty inhaling or exhaling, and a chronic cough
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  17. abnormal condition of the pulmonary system characterized by distension and destructive changes of the alveoli.
  18. loss of lung capacity caused by an accumulation of dust in the lungs. types may include asbestosis, silicosis, and CWP
  19. sudden, severe lung dysfunction due to a number of different disorders. patients have extreme difficulty with breathing and may need mechanical ventilation
    acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  20. accumulation of fluid in the lung tissue. often present in CHF, it is caused by the inability of the heart to pump blood
    pulmonary edema
  21. a stiffening of the lungs as a result of the formation of fibrous tissue
    pulmonary fibrosis
  22. localized accumulation of pus in the lung
    abscess of lung
  23. pus in the pleural cavity
    • pyothorax
    • (empyema)
  24. blood in the pleural cavity
  25. an accumulation of serous fluid in the pleural cavity
  26. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the intrapleural space
    pleural effusion
  27. air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse
  28. a sudden inability of the respiratory system to provide oxygen and/or remove CO2 from the blood.
    acute respiratory failure (ARF)
  29. collapse of lung tissue or an entire lung
  30. a sudden involuntary contraction of the bronchi, as in an asthma attack
  31. a condition in which multiple rib fractures cause instability in part of the chest wall and in which the lung under the injured area contracts on inspiration and bulges out on expiration
    flail chest
  32. a benign tumor of the mucous glands of the respiratory system
    mucous gland adenoma
  33. a benign tumor of epithelial origin named for its nipplelike appearance
  34. a rare malignancy of the pleura or other protective tissues that cover the internal organs of the body. often caused by exposure to asbestos
  35. group of cancers that arise from cells that line the bronchi (squamous and adenocarcinoma) or are on or near the surface of the lung (large cell)
    non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  36. NSCLC derived from the mucus-secreting glands in the lungs
  37. NSCLC originating in the lining of the smaller bronchi
    large cell carcinoma
  38. NSCLC originating in the squamous epithelium of the larger bronchi
    squamous cell carcinoma
  39. second most common type of lung cancer. associated with smoking. derived from neuroendocrine cells in the bronchi
    • small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
    • (oat cell carcinoma)