exam 6

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exam 6
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2013-11-30 00:56:41
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  1. This early type of
    jazz emerged in the 1890s and is characterized by a steady bass and a
    syncopated, jazzy treble. It was generally
    written and performed by pianists.
    Ragtime
  2. The section within a
    jazz band usually consisting of drums, double bass, piano, banjo, and/or guitar
    is known as the:
    Rhythm Section
  3. He formed his own band
    in Chicago (the Hot Five and Hot Seven) and made a series of landmark
    recordings that sold as fast as they could be pressed; when he moved to New
    York he played as the featured soloist for a number of large bands.
    Louis Armstrong
  4. Born in St. Louis, the
    son of a well-to-do dentist, he began playing the trumpet at 13 and turned
    professional at 15. Although he idolized
    Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, he nevertheless represents the cool jazz
    tradition.
    Miles Davis
  5. The __________ style
    combines the driving rhythms and repetitious harmonies of rock with the
    improvisational virtuosity of jazz.
    Fusion
  6. Tin Pan Alley was
    located in:
    New York
  7. After his mother
    purchased a piano, he quickly learned to play popular music by ear and soon
    took lessons in classical music. He dropped out of high school and took a job
    in Tin Pan Alley as a song plugger where he earned fifteen dollars a week.
    Gershwin
  8. Who were the composers
    of the earliest Broadway musicals, e.g. Little Johnny Jones (1906) and Showboat (1927)?
    Jerome Kern, George M. Cohan
  9. What is the popular
    dramatic genre of American music that appeals to a general audience by means of
    spoken dialogue, songs, and energetic dances?
    Musical
  10. Which musical retells
    the story of Romeo and Juliet?
    West Side Story
  11. A style of early
    popular music characterized by a pounding quadruple meter and a raw, growling
    style of singing, all set within a twelve-bar blues harmony.
    Rhythm and Blues
  12. Who was the first
    great exponent of rock ‘n’ roll?
    Elvis Presley
  13. Which movement emerged
    as an alternative to the mechanistic music and synthetic clothing of the disco
    craze as well as the highly produced, overly orchestrated arena rock on the
    other?
    Punk Rock
  14. This African-American
    style of music that initially drew on funk, disco, and the black preaching
    tradition.
    Rap
  15. In 1984, this person
    became the only person to win a Grammy simultaneously as a classical performer
    and as a jazz performer.
    Herbie Hancock
  16. What, in particular,
    did the British Invasion bring to popular music?
    Infused music with a harder edge, added the electric guitar
  17. When did the grunge
    movement in rock reach its peak of popularity?
    1990's
  18. Who paved the way for
    experimentation both in songwriting and in studio recording, expanding the
    boundaries of popular music and demonstrating the full potential of “teen”
    music?
    The Beatles
  19. Who coined the term
    “rock ‘n’ roll” and disseminated this new style through radio broadcasts,
    concerts, and dances?
    Alan Freed
  20. Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Bo Diddley were important musicians in
    early:
    1950's
  21. This musician studied
    at Harvard and the Curtis Institute of Music. He has composed “serious” music, such as
    symphonies and ballets, as well as more popular styles, including film scores
    and four musicals. A virtuoso pianist,
    conductor, and educator, he was perhaps the most dynamic musical leader the
    United States has ever had.
    Leonard Berstein
  22. The following broadway
    song was written by which composer? (performed by Blink 182-a band I really
    like…but definitely not their best day)
    Nirvana
  23. The fusion of jazz style with idioms and forms of classical music is
    known as
    Symphonic Jazz
  24. What was an early form
    of American musical theater that involved songs and dances, comedy skits, and
    other entertainers?
    Minstrel Show
  25. Know songs composed on
    Tin Pan Alley.
    God Bless America
  26. A native of New
    Orleans, his father and brother are prominent musicians; he received his first
    trumpet when he was six years old and studied classical repertoire at the
    Julliard School in New York in 1980.
    Wynton Marsalis
  27. Which group of
    musicians is famous for playing cool jazz?
    Miles Davis?
  28. Which group of
    musicians is famous for playing bebop jazz?
    • Charles Parker,
    • Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk
  29. Which type of jazz was
    popular during the Second World War?
    Bebop
  30. New Orleans jazz is typically played from written notation, known as charts.
    • rather than improvisation
    • Everything planned out
    • Played from notation
    • A more disciplined, polished sound?
  31. Who was the most
    famous composer of ragtime music?
    Scott Joplin
  32. Called the “Empress of
    the Blues,” this artist was brought to New York to record for Columbia, her
    most famous recordings occurred between 1924 and 1927, and brought her to the
    top of the popular music world. She was the
    highest paid black artist—male or female—of the day.
    Bessie Smith
  33. What is the term for a
    form of black folksong that originated in the South sometime during the 1880s
    and 1890s. and was passed along by oral tradition?
    parlor songs

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