pediatric airway anatomy and other...

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
249534
Filename:
pediatric airway anatomy and other...
Updated:
2013-11-28 14:34:09
Tags:
peds airway anatomy
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Description:
antomy, phys and whatever else i don't know....
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  1. oral intubation requires...
    the establishment of a line of vision from the incisor teeth to the larynx
  2. the path of vision from incisor teeth to the larynx has 3 axes. they are...
    • 1. oral axis
    • 2. the pharyngeal axis
    • 3. the laryngeal axis
  3. the oral axis is normally ________ to the laryngeal axis.
    perpendicular
  4. the pharyngeal axis normally forms a ______ degree angle to the laryngeal axis
    45
  5. how do you superimpose the pharyngeal & laryngeal axes?
    • POSITIONING...
    • positioning of the patient with modest neck flexion (sniffing position) and atlanto-occipital joint extension. this is done w/ a cushion/folded towl placed under the occiput.
  6. why do you want to superimpose the pharyngeal & laryngeal axes?
    because then you get the necessary line of vision for intubation
  7. Anatomical factors complicating intubation in infants (5)
    • 1. narrow nares
    • 2. large tongue
    • 3. high glottis
    • 4. slanting vocal cords
    • 5. narrow cricoid ring

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