Art History 6a Week 7

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  1. Plan and Perspective view of a typical Roman House

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    -Late Republic and Early Empire

    -Older Roman houses closely followed Etruscan models and had atriums and small gardens

    -During the Late Republic and Early Empire builders added peristyles with Greek columns
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    -Second-style wall painting of a Tholos in an open sanctuary from cubiculum M of the Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 50 - 40 BC

    • -Second Style: Three-dimensional setting that extends beyond walls
    • -Linear Perspective: All receding lines in a composition converge on a single point in the painting's central axis to show depth and distance
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    Third-style wall painting from cubiculum 15 of the Villa of Agrippa Postumus, Boscotrecase, Italy, Roman, early Imperial period, c. 10 BC

    -Third Style: 
    Delicate linear fantasies on monochromatic (one color) backgrounds with a central motif

    -In this painting, a tiny floating landscape in the center of the painting is a motif
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    Terentius Nero (Law student) and his wife, Pompeii, mid 1st century AD

    • -They wished to be seen as thoughtful and well-read
    • -Man holds a scroll and woman holds a stylus and wax tablet (standard in Roman marriage portraits)
    • -Suggest fine education
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    Second-style wall painting of Dionysiac ceremonies from room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 60 - 50 BC

    • -Chamber was used to celebrate Greek god Dionysos
    • -Painter created an illusion of a shallow ledge, from which the life-size figures moved around the room
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    Second-style wall painting of Dionysiac mystery from room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 60 - 50 BC

    -Especially striking is the way the figures interact across the corner of the room
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    Detail of girl from second-style wall painting of Dionysiac ceremony from room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 60 - 50 BC
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    "Sappho", Pompeii, late 1st Century BC
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    Apotheosis of Antoninus Pius and Faustina from base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 161 AD

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    Illustrates the apotheosis the ascent to Heaven of antoninus and his wife faustina the elder on the opposite side

    - classical tradition well proportioned figures personifications and single rounded line corresponding to the panel's lower edge
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    Decursio from base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 161 AD

    -decursio
    a ritual circling of the imperial funerary pyre

    - breaks classical conventions the figures are stocky and the panel was not conceived as a window onto the world

    - Follows plebeian art.

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    Detail of horses from Decursio from base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 161 AD

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    Detail of Liberalitas Constantinae (Distribution of Largesse), north frieze from the Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy, Roman, Late Imperial period, 312 - 315 AD

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    the frieze shows the emperor distribution largesse to grateful citizens who approach him from the right and left

    -elevate on a throne above the people who have mechanical and repeated stances and gestures
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    Detail of Head from the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 175 AD

    • -His hair and beard are extremely textured and visibly spiraled
    • - this is a triumphal image, the power image that he wanted to project in Rome
    • -he was a scholarly philosopher and restless fighter
    • - in the statue itself he is performing a gesture of forgiving with his extended hand
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    Column of Trajan, Rome, 110 AD

    • -Shaft was covered with a continuous spiral narrative frieze
    • -Relief depicts Trajan's two successful campaigns against Dacians
    • -Band increases in width as the column goes up, and the focus is always on the emperor
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    Forum of Trajan, Rome,  c. 110-117 - Reconstruction.  Apollodomus of Damascus, Architect

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    Forum glorifies Trajan for his two victories against Dacians, and Forum was paid for with poils from that campaign

    -Unlike other forums, a huge basilica was in the colonnaded open square instead of a temple
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    Column of Trajan, Rome, 110 AD - detail
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    The Arch of Titus, Rome, c. AD 81 (Flavian)

    -typical early triumphal arch with one passage way

    -engaged columns frame the opening but their capitals are the composite type an ornate combination of ionic volutes and corinthian acanthus leaves

    -inside are two great relief panels with a convincing illusion of movement.
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    "Spoils of Jerusalem" panel from the Arch of Titus, Rome, c. AD 81

    -Commemorates the emperor's greatest achievement--the conquest of Judaea

    -Roman soldiers carry the spoils from the Jewish temple in Jerusalem
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    Detail from the Arch of Titus

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    Carrying spoils from the victory over Jews
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    Funerary relief of a Circus Official, Ostia - c. 130 AD (Plebian)

Card Set Information

Author:
Trekofstarsx
ID:
249543
Filename:
Art History 6a Week 7
Updated:
2013-11-28 22:28:18
Tags:
Art History 6a
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Final Study Guide
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