Art History 6a Week 7

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Trekofstarsx
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249543
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Art History 6a Week 7
Updated:
2013-11-28 17:28:18
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Art History 6a
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Final Study Guide
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  1. Plan and Perspective view of a typical Roman House

    -Late Republic and Early Empire

    -Older Roman houses closely followed Etruscan models and had atriums and small gardens

    -During the Late Republic and Early Empire builders added peristyles with Greek columns
  2. -Second-style wall painting of a Tholos in an open sanctuary from cubiculum M of the Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 50 - 40 BC

    • -Second Style: Three-dimensional setting that extends beyond walls
    • -Linear Perspective: All receding lines in a composition converge on a single point in the painting's central axis to show depth and distance
  3. Third-style wall painting from cubiculum 15 of the Villa of Agrippa Postumus, Boscotrecase, Italy, Roman, early Imperial period, c. 10 BC

    -Third Style: 
    Delicate linear fantasies on monochromatic (one color) backgrounds with a central motif

    -In this painting, a tiny floating landscape in the center of the painting is a motif
  4. Terentius Nero (Law student) and his wife, Pompeii, mid 1st century AD

    • -They wished to be seen as thoughtful and well-read
    • -Man holds a scroll and woman holds a stylus and wax tablet (standard in Roman marriage portraits)
    • -Suggest fine education
  5. Second-style wall painting of Dionysiac ceremonies from room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 60 - 50 BC

    • -Chamber was used to celebrate Greek god Dionysos
    • -Painter created an illusion of a shallow ledge, from which the life-size figures moved around the room
  6. Second-style wall painting of Dionysiac mystery from room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 60 - 50 BC

    -Especially striking is the way the figures interact across the corner of the room
  7. Detail of girl from second-style wall painting of Dionysiac ceremony from room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy, Roman, Republican period, c. 60 - 50 BC
  8. "Sappho", Pompeii, late 1st Century BC
  9. Apotheosis of Antoninus Pius and Faustina from base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 161 AD

    -
    Illustrates the apotheosis the ascent to Heaven of antoninus and his wife faustina the elder on the opposite side

    - classical tradition well proportioned figures personifications and single rounded line corresponding to the panel's lower edge
  10. Decursio from base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 161 AD

    -decursio
    a ritual circling of the imperial funerary pyre

    - breaks classical conventions the figures are stocky and the panel was not conceived as a window onto the world

    - Follows plebeian art.

  11. Detail of horses from Decursio from base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 161 AD

  12. Detail of Liberalitas Constantinae (Distribution of Largesse), north frieze from the Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy, Roman, Late Imperial period, 312 - 315 AD

    -
    the frieze shows the emperor distribution largesse to grateful citizens who approach him from the right and left

    -elevate on a throne above the people who have mechanical and repeated stances and gestures
  13. Detail of Head from the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, Italy, Roman, Imperial (or Antonine) period, c. 175 AD

    • -His hair and beard are extremely textured and visibly spiraled
    • - this is a triumphal image, the power image that he wanted to project in Rome
    • -he was a scholarly philosopher and restless fighter
    • - in the statue itself he is performing a gesture of forgiving with his extended hand
  14. Column of Trajan, Rome, 110 AD

    • -Shaft was covered with a continuous spiral narrative frieze
    • -Relief depicts Trajan's two successful campaigns against Dacians
    • -Band increases in width as the column goes up, and the focus is always on the emperor
  15. Forum of Trajan, Rome,  c. 110-117 - Reconstruction.  Apollodomus of Damascus, Architect

    -
    Forum glorifies Trajan for his two victories against Dacians, and Forum was paid for with poils from that campaign

    -Unlike other forums, a huge basilica was in the colonnaded open square instead of a temple
  16. Column of Trajan, Rome, 110 AD - detail
  17. The Arch of Titus, Rome, c. AD 81 (Flavian)

    -typical early triumphal arch with one passage way

    -engaged columns frame the opening but their capitals are the composite type an ornate combination of ionic volutes and corinthian acanthus leaves

    -inside are two great relief panels with a convincing illusion of movement.
  18. "Spoils of Jerusalem" panel from the Arch of Titus, Rome, c. AD 81

    -Commemorates the emperor's greatest achievement--the conquest of Judaea

    -Roman soldiers carry the spoils from the Jewish temple in Jerusalem
  19. Detail from the Arch of Titus

    -
    Carrying spoils from the victory over Jews
  20. Funerary relief of a Circus Official, Ostia - c. 130 AD (Plebian)

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