Art History 6a Week 8

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    Painted portrait of Septimius Severus and Family, found in Egypt, Roman Imperial period, c, 200 AD

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    Only known painted portrait of an emperor shows Severus with gray hair

    -Tondo (circular) portrait, son's face was missing (left side)
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    Detail of head from portrait of Trebonianus Gallus, Rome, Roman, Imperial period, c, 251-253 AD

    • -Bronze
    • -Body conveyed power
    • -Heavy-set body dwarfs his head, which has a nervous expression
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    Pont-du-Gard, Nimes (southern France), Roman, early Imperial (or Augustan) period, c. 16 BC

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    Brought water from distant mountain spring to Nimes- 100 gallons a day for each inhabitant

    -Bridge w/ arches-arches let water pass through
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    Capitoline Temple (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva) - plan and section, Rome, c. 6-5th century BC
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    Temple of "Fortuna Virilis" (Temple of Portunus), plan, Rome, Roman, Republican period, c. 75 BC
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    Temple of "Fortuna Virilis" (Temple of Portunus) seen from front, Rome, Roman, Republican period, c. 75 BC

    • -Greek and Etruscan traditions, but purely Roman
    • -Ionic columns
    • -Dedicated to Portunus, the Roman God of harbors
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    Temple of "Fortuna Virilis" (Temple of Portunus) seen from rear, Rome, Roman, Republican period, c. 75 BC
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    Site plan of the Forum of Trajan, Rome, Roman, Imperial period, 112 AD (architect: Apollodorus of Damascus)

    -Equestrian statue, temple with columns, libraries, forum
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    Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, Palestrina, Italy - Drawing, Roman, Republican period, c. 120 BC

    • -Most impressive use of concrete during the Republican Period
    • -Symbol of growing dominance of Rome
    • -Built on hillside
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    Hemicycle of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, Palestrina, Italy, Roman, Republican period, late second century BC
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    Market hall of the Markets of Trajan, Rome, Roman, Imperial period, 110 - 112 AD (architect: Apollodorus of Damascus
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    Axonometric view of the Markets of Trajan, Rome, Roman, Imperial period, 110 - 112 AD (architect: Apollodorus of Damascus
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    Hemicycle of the Markets of Trajan, Rome, Roman, Imperial period, 110 - 112 AD (architect: Apollodorus of Damascus)
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    Cutaway drawing of the Pantheon, Rome, Roman, Imperial (Hadrianic) period, 118 - 125 AD
  15. Interior view of the Pantheon, Rome, Roman, Imperial (Hadrianic) period, 118 - 125 AD

    • -Coffered dome is 142 ft in diameter
    • -No supporting structures hold the roof
    • -Oculus: Opening in the room that shows the sky
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    Pantheon, Rome, Roman, Imperial (Hadrianic) period, 118 - 125 AD - Structural section

    • -Temple of all of the Gods
    • -Built up using concrete of varied composition on each level
    • -Dome's thickness decreases as it nears the oculus
    • -Coffers (sunken decorative panels) lessened the dome's weight without weakening the structure
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    Reconstruction drawing of the Basilica Nova (Basilica of Constantine), Rome, Roman, Late Imperial period, c. 306 - 312 AD

    • -Constantine's image dominated the interior of the basilica
    • -Great concrete vaults (arch-like enclosures) in the interior
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    Emperor Caracalla (Metrolopolitan Museum of Art, NY), c. 210-220 AD

    • -Suspicious personality
    • -Brow is knotted, turns head over left shoulder, as if he expects danger from behind
    • -Possibly scared of assassination, as this was the fate of many emperors of this era
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    Constantine the Great, Colossal Portrait, Rome, AD 330

    • -8 1/2 ft tall head
    • -His facial expression and eyes convey a sense of eternal authority, as he gazes out into the distance
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    • Arch of Constantine, Rome, south side, c. 310-315 AD
    • -Commemorated Constantine's defeat of Maxentius (end of civil war)
    • -Copied previous arches (Trajan, etc)
    • -Frieze is not really a story like Trajan, but more of just figures frozen in time
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    Arch of Constantine, Rome, 'Donatio' panel, detail

    • -This frieze is less a narrative of action than a picture of actors frozen in time
    • -Composition's rigid formality reflects the new set of values that would come to dominate medieval art
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    Arch of Constantine, Rome, 'Donatio' panel, whole view

Card Set Information

Author:
Trekofstarsx
ID:
249557
Filename:
Art History 6a Week 8
Updated:
2013-12-08 23:34:47
Tags:
Week art history
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Description:
Art History 6a Final Study Guide
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