Art History 6a Week 9

Card Set Information

Art History 6a Week 9
2013-12-09 01:32:47
Art History

Art History 6a Final Study Guide
Show Answers:

  1. Golden House of Nero, Rome, AD 64-68.  Architects: Severus and Celer.  Plan of the Octagon

    • -Built of brick and concrete with different-themed frescoes in each room
    • -Designed as place of entertainment (300 rooms with no sleeping quarters)
    • -Big parties were thrown here
  2. Golden House of Nero, Rome, AD 64-68.  Architects: Severus and Celer.  Structural diagram of the Octagon

    • -The architects designed two of the principal dining rooms to flank an octagonal court,
    • surmounted by a dome with a giant central oculus to let in light

    -It was an early use of Roman concrete construction
  3. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), Rome, AD 80-90, View

    • -One of Vespasian's first undertakings after becoming emperor, could hold more than 50,000 spectators
    • -Complex system of barrel-vaulted corridors held up oval seating area
    • -Substructures in arena served as waiting rooms for gladiators or animals
    • -Exterior travertine shell is approximately 160 feet high
  4. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), Rome, AD 80-90, Piers of the first story

    • -Concrete barrel vaults are evident (held the structure up)
    • -Arches that served as entryways are also shown (76 gateways)
    • -This entrance system resembles modern-day stadium sport systems seen today
  5. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), Rome, AD 80-90, Structural Diagram: Plan and sections
  6. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), Rome, AD 80-90, Interior View

    • -Could hold 50,000 spectators
    • -Marble seats when built
  7. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), Rome, AD 80-90, detail

    • -We can see the detail of each seat and the different levels
    • -Somewhat similar to a modern day sports stadium
  8. Porta Maggiore, Rome, c. 40-50 AD

    • -Constructed at point where two of Rome's water lines met
    • -Grandiose gate- uppermost level bears a wordy, dedicated inscription
    • -An example of Roman rusticated (rough) masonry
  9. Pantheon, Rome AD 121-125, Structural Diagram

    • -Revolutionary cylindrical drum, huge hemispherical dome
    • -The interior symbolized both the orb of the earth and the vault of the heavens
  10. Pantheon, Rome AD 121-125, Restored View with Forecourt

    • -Forecourt: a large courtyard
    • -Formed a visual frame for The Pantheon
  11. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359 AD

    • Junius Bassus- Pagan convert to Christianity
    • -Old Testament scenes appear on the sarcophagus
    • -Adam and Eve are on bottom left, 2 from end
    • -These sarcophagi were preferred by wealthy Christians
  12. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, detail: Christ Enthroned
  13. The Tetrarchs, Venice, 300-305 AD

    • -Meant to portray four equal partners in power, not as distinct individuals
    • -Each of four rulers lost identity in this
    • -Each holds a sword with an expressionless face, bodies are shapeless
  14. Diptych detail: Priestess of Dionysus, from Rome, c. 400 AD

    • -Ivory plaque that depicts pagan themes
    • -Could commemorate marriage between two members of powerful Roman families
    • -This is like a frieze, and the artist took this from Greek traditions
    • -Girl holding cup celebrates rites of Bacchus