Art History 6a week 11

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  1. Drawing of the interior of Santa Costanza, Rome, Early Christian, 337 - 351 AD

    • -On the exterior, rectangular basilican church
    • -Church with a domed interior, which became the preferred form for Byzantine churches
    • -Interior was richly adorned with mosaics
    • -Sarcophagus of Constantina in the center
  2. Plan of Santa Costanza, Rome, Early Christian, 337 - 351 AD

    • -Plan with 12 pairs of columns
    • -Had an ambulatory (a ring-like barrel-vaulted corridor separated from the central domed by a dozen pairs of columns
  3. Plan of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul), Byzantine, 532 - 537 AD (architects: Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus)

    • -270 ft long, 240 ft wide
    • -Dome is 108 ft in diameter
    • -Intended to be bigger than and rival all other churches ever built
  4. View of vaults/dome of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul), Byzantine, 532 - 537 AD (architects: Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus)

    • -Important characteristic is light that floods interior through windows, esp. at bottom of the canopy-like dome
    • -Creates illusion that the dome is resting on light
    • -Made of marble, onyx, bright green stone
    • Comparison of plans of:
    • (L) Palatine Chapel, 792 - 805 (architect: Odo of Metz) and
    • (R) San Vitale, Ravenna, Byzantine, 526 - 547 AD

    Plan of San Vitale: Unlike any other Church in Italy, San Vitale (right) features two concentric octagons. A dome crowns the taller, inner octagon

    Plan of Palatine Chapel: 16-sided ambulatory with central octagonal dome
    • Interior of San Vitale, Ravenna, Byzantine, 526 - 547 AD
    • -Two concentric octagons
    • -Arches looping over arches, curved flat spaces. wall and vault shapes
    • -Light filtering through windows plays over glittered mosaics
    • -Images covering the whole sanctuary express the single idea of Christ's redemption
  5. Interior of Palatine Chapel,  792 - 805 AD(architect: Odo of Metz)

    • -Decorated with fresco and mosaics
    • -Upper gallery of chapel was royal space, with a throne for the king
    • -Contains Corinthian columns
    • -Barrel and groin vault construction
  6. Gatehouse, Lorsch,, ninth century AD

    • -Follows Roman models (arches)
    • -3 arches separated by columns, with a series of pilasters (small columns) above the three arches
    • -Capitals of columns derived from Ionic order
    • Author portrait of Saint Matthew from the Coronation Gospels 
    • c. 800 - 810 AD

    This page would have faced the beginning of the Book of Matthew from the New Testament.

    -Carolingian painter used light and shade and perspective to create the illusion of three-dimensional form

    -Uses light and shade instead of lines to create shapes

    -This was a painted manuscript for Charlemagne's court
  7. Author portrait of Saint Matthew from the Ebbo Gospels c. 816 - 835 AD

    This page would have faced the beginning of the Book of Matthew from the New Testament.

    • -Matthew writes in frantic haste
    • -Eyes wide, hair stands on end
    • -Face, pen, inkhorn are focus of composition
    • -Painter merged classical illusionism and northern linear tradition
  8. Interior of the abbey church of St Michael, Hildesheim, Ottonian, 1001 - 1031 AD
    • Interior of Santa Sabina, Rome, Early Christian, 422 - 432 AD
    • -Early Christian basilican churches were timber roofed
    • -Illuminated by clerestory windows
    • -Corinthian columns produce a steady rhythm that focuses attention on the channeled arch, which frames the altar

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Author:
Trekofstarsx
ID:
249577
Filename:
Art History 6a week 11
Updated:
2013-12-09 07:35:26
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Art History 6a
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Art History 6a Final Study Guide
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