(True/False) Alcohol consumption increases across the board despite the amount.
False, increases with the amount
At what rate should a clinical breast exam be performed in women according to the American cancer society?
20-30 q3years, >40 q1year
When should mammograms begin to be used and how often should they be performed?
Yearly starting at 40 (increase with certain breast changes or FH)
Are there risks to Self-Breast Exam?
Should everyone perform a breast self-breast exam starting in their 20’s?
No, optional, risks associated
(True/False) The United States Preventative Service Task Force recommends mammograms in women 40-49 years.
Not unless you are at high risk
(True/False) The United States Preventative Service Task Force recommends mammograms in women 50-74 years every 2 years.
(True/False) The United States Preventative Service Task Force recommends women use Breast Self-Exams.
(True/False) Breast self-Exams have been shown to decrease Brest cancer mortality.
Why are breast self-exams no longer recommended?
To reduce harm from anxiety and overtreatment
Mammograms can miss up to what percent of breast cancers at the time of screening?
What percent of false positives are found during mammogram screening?
What issues lead to inaccuracy of Mammograms?
Sensitivity, Specificity, Prediction (can’t tell which progress)
(True/False) Ductal Carcinoma in Situ is an invasive and dangerous form of cancer.
False, it is a non-invasive cancer in the milk ducts that can develop into an invasive form
What positions are required for Monthly Breast Self-Exam?
Lying and Standing
What part of the hand should be used to perform a monthly Beast Self-Exam?
Middle three fingers of the opposite hand
What lumps found during a breast self-exam should be referred to a physician?
Hard or persistant
How should the hand be moved during a breast self-exam?
Circular motion around nipple, Up and down the breast and from the outer rim to the nipple
What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
New, hard painless lump with irregular edges, swelling of part of the breast, skin irritation or dimpling, redness of scaling of breast skin, nipple pain or retraction, nipple discharge, enlarged auxiliary lymph nodes
Treatments for breast cancer are based on what?
Stage at diagnosis
What are the treatment options for breast cancer?
Radiation, Chemotherapy, Surgery and Hormonal or Immuno therapy