Chapter 8: Japan and SE Asia

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MzG
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249672
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Chapter 8: Japan and SE Asia
Updated:
2013-11-29 18:04:14
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Japan
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Study Guide for CH 8: Japan
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  1. Why does Japan have little farmland?
    Because of its geography and being a group of mostly small islands.
  2. What did clans have to do with Japanese society before the 400s?
    Before the 400s, Japanese society was structured around them.
  3. Who was a representative of the nation with divine qualities?
    The emperor
  4. What religion is known as the “way of the gods”?
    Shinto
  5. What are the characteristics of Shinto?
    respect for ancestors and the natural world
  6. What did Prince Shotoku feel about China?
    He had great admiration for China.
  7. Who was so impressed with China that he sent people there?
    Prince Shotoku
  8. Who ruled when a Japanese emperor was still a child?
    A regent
  9. What did Prince Shotoku create in order to help guide leaders?
    The Seventeen Article Constitution
  10. What is an embassy?
    An embassy is an office of government in another nation.
  11. Because they did not want to follow the teachings of a foreigner, what did some Japanese do?
    Some Japanese were unwilling to follow Buddhism, as Prince Shotoku urged.
  12. What sect of Buddhism seeks to find inner peace?
    Zen Buddhism
  13. What is the key ritual in Zen Buddhism?
    Meditation
  14. What formed in response to the particular needs of the Japanese people?
    Different sects of Buddhism.
  15. What Japanese forms of theater remain popular today?
    Noh and kabuki
  16. What Japanese theater art from is based on legends?
    Noh dramas
  17. What Japanese theater art from includes singing, dancing, elaborate costumes and heavy makeup?
    Kabuki dramas
  18. What Japanese theater art from has themes centered around the common people?
    Kabuki dramas
  19. What did Lady Murasaki Shikibu do and why was it important?
    She wrote a novel which was a realistic story focused on one individual.
  20. Who was a great Zen Buddhist Haiku poet?
    Basho was a great Zen Haiku poet.
  21. What is: a daimyo
    An estate owner
  22. What are samurai?
    A private army.
  23. Who was protected by a Japanese lord?
    A vassal.
  24. What was a shogun?
    A supreme military leader.
  25. This was the founder that made Edo the capital.
    Tokugawa Shogunate.
  26. What happened when the daimyo paid no taxes and had their own private armies
    It weakened Japan's central government during the 1100s.
  27. What pledge(s) did the samurai take as part of the warrior code?
    The samurai was required to pledge his honor, loyalty, and bravery.
  28. What challenged the power of the Fujiwaras?
    Fujiwara clan lost strength in the 1100s because it had no financial or military support from large landholders.
  29. What were the elements of the Japanese Feudal system?
    The Japanese Feudal system was organized around unwritten rules governing the exchange of loyalty for protection.
  30. Why did Japan go into isolation? For how long was Japan in isolation?
    Because of influential changes that occurred in Japan during the Tokugawa Shogunate it went into complete isolation from the rest of the world for 200 years.
  31. What is celadon? What civilization did it come from?
    A kind of pottery from Korea.
  32. What kingdom developed south of China?
    Nam Viet developed south of China.
  33. What was Korea like before it was unified by the Silla kingdom?
    Korea had been divided into three separate kingdoms for 700 years before it was unified by the Silla kingdom.
  34. Why was the Khmer Empire important?
    The Khmer Empire was the most powerful and longest-lasting kingdom on the mainland of Southeast Asia.
  35. What three groups tried to control Korea?
    Japanese, Chinese, and Mongols
  36. Who did the Chinese attack because they wanted port access on the South China Sea?
    Nam Viet
  37. What empire was where the country of Cambodia is today?
    The Khmer Empire.
  38. When did the Koryo come to power?
    Koryo arose after the Silla kingdom collapsed.
  39. What did rice have to do with the Khmer Empire?
    Rice led to the success of the Khmer Empire.
  40. What is the world’s largest religious structure?
    Angkor Wat is the world's larges religions building/complex.
  41. What happened when China’s Tang dynasty became weak?
    The Vietnamese (Nam Viet) were finally able to break free from China's rule.
  42. What did the samurai have to do with the poor people?
    When they took their samurai oath, they pledged to show generosity to the poor in Japanese feudal society.
  43. What did military strength, technology, and political wisdom do for Japan?
    They were required to unify Japan.
  44. Which country had the stronger cultural influence on the Khmers?
    India
  45. How many major islands make up Japan?
    4

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