Chapter 10 Part 1 Theory

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ltrahan81
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249677
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Chapter 10 Part 1 Theory
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2013-12-06 10:52:23
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Chapter 10 Part Theory
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Chapter 10 Part 1 Theory
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  1. loss of ability to produce sounds
    aphonia
  2. difficulty making sounds
    dysphonia
  3. abnormal, periodic cessation of breathing
    apnea
  4. abnormally slow breathing
    bradypnea
  5. deep, rapid breathing followed by a period of apnea
    Cheyne-Stokes respiration
  6. abnormal enlargement of the distal phalanges as a result of diminished O2 in the blood
    clubbing
  7. lack of oxygen in blood seen as bluish or grayish discoloration of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips
    cyanosis
  8. difficult and/or painful breathing
    dyspnea
  9. good, normal breathing
    eupnea
  10. nosebleed
    • epistaxis
    • (rhinorrhagia)
  11. coughing up blood or blood-stained sputum
    hemoptysis
  12. condition of excessive CO2 in the blood
    hypercapnia
  13. excessively deep breathing
    hyperpnea
  14. extremely shallow breathing
    hypopnea
  15. abnormally increased breathing
    hyperventilation
  16. condition of deficient Oin the blood
    hypoxemia
  17. the condition of deficient oxygen in the tissues
    hypoxia
  18. condition of difficult breathing unless in an upright position
    orthopnea
  19. pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the intercostal muscles
    pleurodynia
  20. fever
    pyrexia
  21. breathlessness; air hunger
    shortness of breath (SOB)
  22. mucus coughed up from the lungs and expectorated through the mouth
    sputum
  23. rapid, shallow breathing
    tachypnea
  24. chest pain
    thoracodynia
  25. sounds made my dry surfaces rubbing together. characteristic of inflamed pleurae; may also have grating or creaking sound
    friction sounds
  26. sound produced by the involuntary contraction of the diaphragm, followed by rapid closure of the glottis
    hiccough 

    (hiccup, singultus)
  27. an abnormal lung sound heard on inspiration, characterized by discontinous bubbling, clicking, or rattling noise
    rales
  28. continuous  abnormal rumbling sounds heard on expiration, caused by airway blocked with secretions
    rhonchi
  29. continuous high-pitched inspiratory sound from the larynx; a sign of upper airway obstruction or epiglottitis
    stridor
  30. continuous sounds heard during inpiration and/or expiration
    wheezing
  31. wheezes that are high pitched and have a whistling sound (as in asthma attack)
    sibilant rhonchi
  32. wheezes that are lower in pitch and have a snoring or rumbling sounds (as in bronchitis)
    sonorous rhonchi
  33. a congenital abnormal opening between the trachea and the esophagus
    tracheoesophageal fistula
  34. congenital softening of the tissues of the trachea. can result from chronic ventilator use
    tracheomalacia
  35. congenital narrowing of the windpipe
    tracheostenosis
  36. inflammation of the epiglottis
    epiglottitis
  37. an inflammation of the area immediately above the glottis that includes the epiglottis
    supraglottitis
  38. inflammation of the voicebox
    laryngitis
  39. the common cold
    nasopharyngitis

    (coryza)
  40. acute viral infection of early childhood, marked by stridor caused by spasms of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
    obstructive laryngitis

    (croup)
  41. inflammation or infection of the pharynx, usually causing symptoms of a sore throat
    pharyngitis
  42. inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses
    sinusitis
  43. an inflammation of all of the sinuses
    pansinusitis
  44. inflammation of the windpipe
    tracheitis
  45. acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract caused by a virus
    influenza
  46. caused by type A influenza virus
    avian (bird) flu
  47. caused by H1N1 virus
    swine flu
  48. inflammation of the lungs caused by a variety of pathogens
    pneumonia

    • (if infectious=pneumonia
    • if noninfectious=pneumonitis
    • if both lungs are affected=double pneumonia)
  49. viral respiratory disorder caused by a coronavirus. usually results in pneumonia
    severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
  50. viral inflammation of the bronchioles; more common in children younger than 18 months
    bronchiolitis
  51. inflammation of the bronchi
    bronchitus
  52. deflection of the nasal septum that may obstruct the nasal passages, resulting in infection, sinusitis, SOB, headache, or recurring epistaxis
    deviated septum
  53. excessive development (enlargement) of the scroll-like bones within the nasal cavity
    hypertrophy of nasal turbinates
  54. a spasm of the larynx
    laryngismus

    (stridulus)

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