Urinary System

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Author:
PopeJim
ID:
249681
Filename:
Urinary System
Updated:
2013-11-30 19:44:45
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urinary system cpt
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Description:
urinary system-cpt
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  1. Homeostatsis
    uniformity of the normal body's internal environment
  2. Multistix 10sg
    all patients for routine urinalysis
  3. Multistix Pro (6)
    • used for patients w/:
    • D-iabetes
    • E-xposure to nephrotoxins & certain meds affecting kidneys
    • F-amily history of kidney disease
    • H-ypertension
    • UTI (urinary tract infection)
    • 60
  4. use for hypertension
    Multistix Pro
  5. use for patients WITH diabetes
    Multistix Pro
  6. use for family history of kidney disease
    Multistix Pro
  7. use for UTI (urinary tract infection)
    Multistix Pro
  8. use for exposure to nephrotoxins & certain meds affecting kidneys
    Multistix Pro
  9. use for patients over 60
    Multistix Pro
  10. Clinitek Microalbumin
    used to DIAGNOSE diabetes
  11. Urine is composed of (3)
    • 95% water
    • 4.5% organic
    • 0.5% inorganic
  12. Urea (2)
    • WASTE of protein metabolism
    • organic compound
  13. Creatinine (2)
    • nitrogen waste of muscle metabolism
    • organic compound
  14. Uric acid (2)
    • END PRODUCT of protein metabolism
    • organic compound
  15. A-mmo-ni-a (ni-a-a)
    • nitrogen dissolves in water forming alkaline solution
    • organic compound
  16. Sodium
    inorganic compound
  17. Calcium
    inorganic compound
  18. Potassium
    inorganic compound
  19. Magnesium
    inorganic compound
  20. Test specimen w/i x minutes
    5 minutes
  21. If not tested right away or if sending out
    refrigerate
  22. 4 types of urine collection
    • Random
    • 1st morning
    • Clean catch midstream
    • 24-hr
  23. Random collection
    freshly voided, collected anytime
  24. 1st morning
    • most concentrated
    • specimen of choice b/c of concentration & content incubated
    • incubation of 6-12 hrs
    • will get one busted
  25. Clean catch midstream
    • minimizes chance of bacteria contaminate
    • urinate/void
    • hold
    • collected 2nd stream
  26. 24-hr collection
    • pooling of urine in 24-hrs
    • void 1st urine
    • collect 2nd on till next morning
  27. 4 items on the picture on p. 133
    • R/L Kidneys
    • R/L Ureters
    • Urinary Bladder
    • Urethra
  28. Urine color
    Urochrome
  29. Normal urine color (4)
    • A-mber gold
    • D-ark yellow
    • S-traw yellow
    • Y-ellow
  30. Red urine
    internal bleeding
  31. Orange urine
    B vitamins or meds
  32. Green urine
    bile
  33. Brown
    liver problems
  34. Hema-t-uria
    red blood cells in urine
  35. Myoglobin
    protein in urine
  36. Turbid
    to have a cloudy appearance
  37. Urochrome
    yellow pigment color of urine
  38. Multistix 10sg-pH
    degree of acidity or alkalinity of urine
  39. pH values
    • Above 7=Alkaline
    • Below 7=aCid
    • normal=5.5-7.5
  40. Multistix 10sg-Protein (r or uti)
    • protein-uria
    • indicates renal disease or UTI
  41. Multistix 10sg-Glucose
    • possible diabetic
    • glucos-uria
  42. Multistix 10sg-Bi-li-rubin
    • breakdown of hemoglobin
    • possible liver disease, bile duct obstruction, or hepatitis
  43. Multistix 10sg-Blood
    • B-leeding in kidneys
    • I-nfection
    • T-rauma of U-rinary T-ract
  44. Multistix 10sg-Uro(b)il(in)ogen
    • (in)testinal (b)acteria
    • degradation product of bilirubin
  45. Multistix 10sg-Nitrate
    UTI
  46. Multistix 10sg-Leukocytes
    white blood cells indicate an infection
  47. kidney's ability to concentrate the urine
  48. Organic compounds
    • A-mmonia
    • C-reatinine
    • U-rea
    • U-ric acid
  49. Inorganic compounds
    • C-alcium
    • M-agnesium
    • P-otassium
    • S-odium

    CALCulus MAGnifies POTS
  50. Multistix 10sg-Ketones
    • by product of increased metabolism
    • body eating its fat
  51. Multistix 10sg - 10 tests
    • Bill            Bilirubin
    • Blo            Blood
    • Gets          Glucose
    • Killed         Ketones
    • Less           Leukocytes
    • Nic             Nitrates
    • Phi             pH
    • Protests      Protein
    • Sexy Girls    Specific Gravity
    • Undressing   Urobilinogen
  52. Always wear gloves
    when handling urine specimens

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