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How many varieties are approved for use in White Rioja?
Eight: VIURA, MALVASÍA, GARNACHA BLANCA, TEMPRANILLO BLANCO, MATURANA BLANCA, TURRUNTÉS, CHARDONNAY, SAUVIGNON BLANC Y VERDEJO
Which of these is the "oldest" known variety?
What is the soil type in Priorat called? What does it consist of, and why is it important for the wines of this region?
llicorella, consists of red slate & mica (sparkles!) helps ripening by retaining warmth, though low in nurtietnts, and permable & deep and allow for some water retention.
What is the elevation for "best" vineyards in Priorat? Will they be on a slope or plateau?
500-700 meters / 1500-2100 ft, Slope(NOTE: Ribera del Duero is a plateau, the lowest point over 2,300 feet above sea level, and some are 1,000 feet higher still. )
What are the mountain ranges that mediate the Maritime Influence to Rioja?
Sierra de Cantábria and the Sierra de la Demanda
How might one relate the viticultural practices of Priorat & Bierzo?
Both make use of sleep slopes with schistic soils, and old vines to produce "more concentrated wines while maintaining acidity"
Name one region in Spain where you might find Picapoll & Gewürztraminer?
Pla de Bages DO (Might also be others.... Picapoll seems to be the major white in Pla de Bages, but Gewurtz is also found elsewhere, such as Somontano)
Ribera Del Duero can have a diurnal range of up to approx. _____ degrees?
Note, a 50 F swing is not unusual, but can be more extreme (20 C / 68 F)
Name a major climatic issue for Ribera Del Duero?
spring frost, and/or short growing season (prob others, but these seem most prevalent)
What is the max size of barrels allowed for use in RDD?
225 (1000 in rest of country, except Rioja)
What are the two primary varieties cultivated in Cariñena?
Garnacha, Tempranillo (tricky! NOT CARINENA)
What DO was a part of the Tarragona DO until 2004?
Montsant (holy mountain), but the best vineyards, especially those around Falset, were cleaved off and combined with elevated areas north of Priorat to make the Montsant DO.
What is Tarragona Clásico, which received its DO way back in 1947?
a sweet red wine
What does the PAGO DO mean (literally, and in general in terms of wine)?
ESTATE, The DO Pago wines are not confined to a specific region. Officially explained, a DO Pago is "a denomination of origin for a wine of recognized high quality produced only from grapes at an established wine estate and fermented and bottled there."
How many PAGOs are there, and what main geographical areas are they in?
- Currently, 15 PAGOS according to Guild Somm
- 3 Navarra
- 8 Castilla La Mancha
- 4 Valencia/Utiel-Requena
- 1 Cariñena
In which major geographical regions do these PAGOS lie?
Ebro River Valley
- (Navarra, Cariñena)
- (Castilla La Mancha)
The arrival of the tee-totaling Islamic Moors in ___ AD put an end to legal Spanish wine commerce until the Moors’ defeat in ____.
85% of the blend of Rioja must be made up of Tempranillo and what four other grapes? What is the remaining 15% made up of?
Garnacha, Mazuelo, Graciano, Maturana Tinta; the rest of the blend can be comprised of "experimental" grapes such as Monastrell and Cabernet Sauvignon
By what other name are these grapes known?
Ull de Llebre -
Tinto del Pais -
Tinto Fino -
What are the three DOs in the Pais Vasco (Basque Country)?
- Getariako Txakolina
- Bizkaiko Txakolina
- Arabako Txakolina
What is the most famous producer in the Ribera del Duero? What changed for them in 1982?
Vega Sicilia is the most well-known estate in Ribera del Duero and one of the most well-known in all of Spain. Before Ribera del Duero achieved DO status in 1982, Vega Sicilia released their wines as Vino de mesa.
What styles of wine can be produced in Toro? What is the dominant red grape in the area? In which autonomia is it located.
Red, white, and rose wines can be made in Toro although most of the production is dedicated to red wines. The reds must be made from a mimiunm 75% of Tinto del Toro, a local strain of Tempranillo. Toro is in Castilla y Leon.
In Spain's appellation system, there is DOC and the superior DOCa. Which two regions have achieved DOCa status?
As of 2004 numbers, which Spanish grape is the most planted in the world?
Airen has the most acreage of any grape in the world. It is found only in Southern Spain with large amounts of plantings in La Mancha.
What are the four authorized white grapes for Cava?
Xarelo-lo, Macabeo, Parellada, and Chardonnay
Who is the only producer of Cava in southwestern Spain?
Bodegas Inviosa, in the Ribera del Guadiano DO.
The Canary Islands have 10 DOs. Five of them are located on which island?
Abona, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Ycoden-Daute-Isora, Valle de Güímar, and Valle de la Orotava are located on the island of Tenerife.
Where did cava originate within Spain?
San Sadurní d’Anoia
What kind of wine was first exported to N. America?
When were DO regulations approved and implemented?
What effect did the dictatorship of Francisco Franco have on the Spanish wine industry?
Franco's rule generally hindered Spanish wine due to fascist economic restrictions though important advances were still made including stainless steel tanks and temperature-controlled fermentation.
What are the aging requirements for red wine in Spain?
Gran Reserva -
- 2yrs. (includes 6mos. in cask)
- 3yrs. (includes 1yr in cask)
- 5yrs. (includes 18mos. in cask)