Korean Topik 3 Verb Ending Grammar.txt

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Korean Topik 3 Verb Ending Grammar.txt
2013-11-29 22:08:07
Korean Topik grammar cards

Korean Topik 3/4 grammar cards
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    • author "me"
    • tags "Korean Topik 3/4 verb endings grammar"
    • description "Verb endings"
    • fileName "Topik 3 Verb Ending Grammar"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • (~ㄴ/는 일이 있습니다/없습니다)
    • 한국에 와서 영화를 본 일이 있습니까?
    • 남대문시장에서 물건을 산 일이 있습니다.
    • 은행에서 돈을 찾은 일이 없습니다.
    • (Past perfect: one has had the experience of doing)
    • Have you (ever) seen a movie since coming to Korea?
    • I've bought things at Namdaemun Market.
    • I've never taken money out from the bank.
  1. ~는군요
  2. ~나 봐요
    서울에 가나 봐요
    • double checking what someone said
    • might have p.p.
  3. ~(ㄹ) 만해요
    Ex:갈 만해요
    • suggestion (that is ok or worth doing)
    • ~able
    • deserve
  4. ~기로 했어요
    supposed to, decided to
  5. ~기는요
    • disagree with what another has said
    • saying 'not at all' with humility
  6. (verb)~는데요 / (adj,adv)~인데요
    • 커피숖에 가는데요 (너무 도워요)
    • 커피숍에 가는 길인데요
    • 커피숖에 가는 중인데요
    • I'm heading to the coffee shop (need a reason)
  7. ~거든요
    factual; a reason for the previous statement
  8. (infinitive) + 야지요
    Ex: 쳐야지요
    should do
  9. ~던데
    Ex: 이 식당 음식이 좋던데 여기에서 먹싶시다
    shows speakers background experience to then offer suggestion or make an inquiry
  10. ~(ㄴ)다면
    Ex: 자란다면
    • if ~ this is for hypothetical might not happen events
    • 학교를 다닐면 ~when you attend school
    • 학교를 다닌다면 ~if you attend school
  11. ~(ㄴ)면
    Ex: 자란면
    • when (present, future)
    • Ex: when you grow up ~ this is expected events
  12. ~(ㄹ)대
    Ex: 자랄대
    • when (past)
    • Ex: when I grew up
  13. ~든지
    • (뭐뭐)ever
    • 뭐든지
    • 언제든지
    • 어디든지
  14. ~도록
    to (verb)
  15. ~(ㄹ)까 봐
    Ex: 비 올까 봐..
    • 비 올까 봐 우산을 가지고가요
    • just in case
  16. ~(ㄹ) 뿐더러
    Ex: 넘길 뿐더러
    • 그는 잘 생길 뿐더러 마음이 좋다
    • A as well as B
  17. ~(ㄹ)지 말지
    Ex: 갈지 말지
    whether or not

    • 먹을지 그냥 갈지 모라요
    • 먹을지 안 먹을지 모라요
    • whether A or B
  18. ~기만 해도
    • even though I'm only doing
    • 차를 고치기만 해도 행복해요
    • (Even though I only fix cars, I'm happy.)
  19. ~(ㄹ)까 해
    Ex: 나갈까 해
    planning to

    나갈까 생각 중이아 (still thinkimg about the plan)
  20. ~(ㄹ)걸 그랬네
    Ex: 나갈걸 그랬네
    would have been better to (verb) but I didnt (at end of sentence)
  21. ~고 말았어
    I was not planning but I did
  22. ~(ㄹ) 수밖에 없네
    Ex: 나갈 수빡에 없네
    I have no choice but to (verb)
  23. ~잖아요
    • forceful confirmation of completed act (in response to question)
    • forceful question to confirm act
    • 약을 먹어요? 예 먹잖아요 (now) 예 먹었잖아요 (past)

    커피를 더 시켰잖아?
  24. ~만 (verb)
    • do/does only that
    • TV만 봐요
  25. ~도 (verb)고 (뭐뭐)도 (verb)~ㄹ 겸..
    doing two things then ..

    산드위치도 먹고 커피도 마실 겸 학교에 가자
  26. V ~기 마련이다
    ex: 그는 경기를 이기기 마련이다
    be most likely to ~
  27. ~나 마니
    doesn't make the difference
  28. V ~(으)ㄹ 리가 없다
    can't be
  29. ~다 가는
    if I do something,something bad will happen
  30. ~하기에 /해서
    since (reason)
  31. V (았/었)을 텐데요
    guess, must have p.p.
  32. V ~곤 하다
    I used to (verb)
  33. V ~(으)ㄴ 척하다
  34. V ~(ㄴ) 김에
    while, since I was doing something
  35. ~는 바람에
    because of (something negative)
  36. V 는 중에
    in the middle of doing
  37. ~ 내요, ~ 대요, ~ 래요, ~ 재요
    of 나고 했어요, etc.
    • Indirect reporting contractions
    • question, statement, imperative, suggestion
  38. ~려면
    if you intend to~
  39. ~다니
    4월인데 이러게 춥다니...
    • used to express astonishment
    • ...even with your help
    • ...if it is this cold in April..
  40. (ㅡ)ㄹ 게 뻔해요
  41. (으)ㄹ 뻔해요
    ex: 넘어질 뻔했어요
    • used to say something almost happened
    • ex: I almost fell down.
  42. (으)면 했어요
    I wish
  43. (으)ㄹ 수 있게
    (으) 수 있도록
    in order that
  44. V~겠습니다
    V(으)ㄹ 것입니다
  45. V~게 되다
    A~아/어 지다
    get to ( V or A)
  46. V~게 되면...
    if get to have
  47. (으)ㄹ 것 같습니다
    ex: 즐거울 것 같습니다
    • would (hypothetical future)
    • ex: would be pleasant
  48. ~를 통해
    ex: 경기를 통해
    • through
    • ex: through winning
  49. V~고 나면...
    은퇴를 하고 나면
    future hypothetical
  50. V~기 위해
    ex: 참가하기 위해
    • in order that
    • ex: in order to participate
  51. ~기 마련이다
    be most likely to
  52. ~는 샘이다
    almost as good as
  53. ~면 ~는 법이다
    (if) (then) strong effect must happen
  54. ~(으)ㄹ 지경
    on the verge of
  55. ~아/어 오다
    have been ~ing
  56. ~아/어 대다
    keep doing something unpleasant
  57. ~아/어 내다
    completed something difficult
  58. ~아/어 버리다
    • nothing is left
    • a burden is relieved
    • sense of regret and sorrow