Psychology: Chapter 15

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  1. What are the two basic categories of techniques to treat mental disorders?
    psychological & biological
  2. client centered therapy (2)
    • encourages people to fulfill their individual potentials for personal growth through greater understanding
    • therapists use reflective listening
  3. behavior therapy
    • use of role playing and modeling
    • token economies
    • often used to address phobias 
    • ex. systematic desensitization, flooding
  4. advantages of group therapy (3)
    • less expensive
    • provides opportunity to improve social skills gives chance to learn from one another
  5. What is most effective to treat anxiety disorders?
    • Cognitive-behavioral therapy to break the conditioned response between trigger symptom & panic
    • Clomipramine (SSRI) to treat OCD
  6. What is the treatment of choice for specific phobias?
    • behavioral techniques, specifically systematic desensitization & virtual environments
    • some cognitive strategies can be useful
  7. What is the most effective treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
    cognitive behavioral therapy combined with an Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
  8. What are two potential treatments for depression?
    • 1. SSRIs are often prescribed in addition to cognitive behavioral therapy
    • 2. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): administer electric current to patients' brain to produce seizure
  9. What is the best treatment for bipolar disorder?
    • One clear optimal treatment: lithium combined with anti-depressant
    • patient compliance with drug therapy is often a problem
  10. Side effects of lithium
    thirst, hand tremors, excessive urination, memory problems
  11. What is effective in treating schizophrenia?
    • The tranquilzers chlorpromazine and haloperidol
    • CBT for reducing delusions and hallucinations
    • Social skills training
  12. What makes treating personality disorders most problematic?
    patients see the environment rather than their own behavior as source of problem
  13. The prognosis of schizophrenia
    • best is diagnosed early and treated aggressively
    • most patients improve over time
    • prognosis depends on age of onset, gender, culture
  14. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
    • produces electric current to interrupt neural function in the region directly below the coil
    • could treat depression
  15. deep brain stimulation
    • surgically implanting electrodes deep within the brian 
    • successful in treating parkinson's
    • could help to treat depression and OCD
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Psychology: Chapter 15
2013-12-05 20:12:39
psych 15

psych ch 15
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