Mental Health final flashcards.txt

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Anonymous
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249894
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Mental Health final flashcards.txt
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2013-11-30 20:30:07
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psych nurse
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mental health vocab
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  1. Personality
    the composite of behavioral traits and attitudes that identify one as an individual; unique pattern of thoughts, attitudes, values, and behaviors each individual develops to adapt to a particular environment and its standards
  2. Behavioral theories
    personality disorders are the result of conditioned responses caused by previous events
  3. Biological theories
    behavior and personality have a strong genetic influence
  4. In older adults a sudden change in personality
    is not a normal sign of aging
  5. Histrionic personality disorder
    excessive emotional expression and attention-seeking behaviors
  6. Antisocial personality disorder
    pervasive pattern of disregard for an violation of the rights of others
  7. Hallmark of psychopaths
    lack of conscience; self gratification; use charm, manipulation, intimidation and violence to control others and satisfy their own selfish needs
  8. Dependent personality
    anxiety associated with separation and abandonment; deep fear of rejection; do not make demands or disagree with others
  9. Paranoia
    suspicious system of thinking that includes delusions of persecution and grandeur; automatically assume that everyone is out to harm, deceive or exploit them
  10. Schizotypal personality
    same as schizoid but characterized by distortions and eccentricities; often have ideas of reference and commonly find special personal messages in everyday events
  11. Ideas of reference
    incorrect perceptions of casual events as having great or significant meaning
  12. Psychosis
    inability to recognize reality, relate to others, or cope with life�s demands (not able to eat, drink, breathe)
  13. Neurobiological functions
    highly adaptive, effective, to maladaptive; the ability to function, change and adapt is influenced by certain physical brain functions, their connections and their chemical messengers
  14. Delusions
    fixed, false ideas that are not based in reality
  15. Paranoid schizophrenia
    organized delusions of grandeur or persecution, auditory hallucinations; high anxiety levels, guarded, suspicious, aloof, hostile, angry, can be violent or suicidal; onset is late, prognosis is good with treatment
  16. Concrete thinking
    inability to consider the abstract meaning of a phrase; frequently tested by having clients interpret proverbs
  17. Word salad
    random, jumbled set of words that have no connection or relationship to each other
  18. Antipsychotic drugs
    slow the CNS, make people �feel calm,� interrupting the dopamine pathways which produces calming effect; emotional quieting, slowed motor responses, and sedation
  19. Akathisia
    inability to sit still; nervous energy assaultive behaviors can result if they are forced to remain in one position for even a short time
  20. Cardinal sign of neuroleptic malignant syndrome
    high body temperature; EPS of antipsychotics
  21. Onset of acute psychosis
    men-mid-20s and women late 20s
  22. Individuals with chronic mental health problems have ________ rates of suicide
    much higher
  23. Exacerbations
    periods of dysfunction accompanied by an increase in the signs, symptoms, and seriousness of a problem
  24. People with mental illness live an average of _______ than the general population
    10-15 years less
  25. Altered thought processes
    disrupt the ability to think clearly, solve problems or make plans
  26. Label of mental illness causes
    low self esteem
  27. Mentally troubled people often see themselves as helpless, ineffective, and incapable of change; experience of a small success will often prevent them from making further attempts because they know they will eventually fail
  28. Children with autism
    are in a world of their own
  29. Sexual behaviors of people with SPMI are at ________ for contracting and sharing STDs
    increased risk
  30. State psychiatric institutions still provide care for more than 50% of all psychiatric inpatients; stays are shorter and readmissions more frequent
  31. Basic goals for chronically disordered mental health clients are
    to achieve stabilization and maintain the highest level of daily functioning
  32. Dorothy Dix
    1841, raised a lot of $ for 30 million mental hospitals
  33. Psychosocial rehabilitation
    use of multidisciplinary services to help clients gain the skills needed to carry out the ADLs as actively and independently; assessed for physical, social, emotional and intellectual levels of function; specific plans for teaching needed skills are developed and even votech
  34. DRGs
    1983 Health Care Financing Administration developed DRGS, more than 400
  35. Beliefs in witchcraft are in
    Haitian, Puerto Rican, and AFA cultures; spells, hexes and incantations are used to cause a person injury, illness, or even death
  36. Cultural competence
    process of continually learning about the cultures with which we work and developing cross cultural therapeutic health care skills; one whose behaviors and attitudes promote effective resolution of a mental health issue for someone who is different culturally
  37. Restitution
    giving back to resolve guilt feelings; a man argues with his wife and then buys her roses
  38. Humanistic theories emphasize the total individual
    holistic
  39. Animal assisted therapy
    assistance dogs have been trained to aid those with certain conditions, such as severe social anxiety, young people with autism, and individuals prone to seizures; found to promote socialization, increase empathy, encourage responsibility and commitment and foster communication
  40. Benzo side effects
    addiction, fatigue, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, usually limited to a few months
  41. Peripheral side effects of antipsychotics
    dry mouth, blurred vision, photophobia, tachycardia and hypotension; can�t poop, can�t pee
  42. Accepting clients�
    does not necessarily include approving of their behaviors
  43. Do not include interpretative statements; it�s not client is angry but rather client was punching fist through wall
  44. Stuporous
    Responds only to string physical stimuli, falls asleep if not stimulated
  45. Working phase
    focus is to achieve the goals in the client-caregiver agreement; time for solving problems and trying out new behaviors; care providers are guided by their knowledge of human behavior, the client�s plan of care and the agreed-on goals; periods of growth and resistance
  46. Criteria for inpatient admission
    the person perceives himself or herself as unable to cope or maintain behavioral control
  47. Asperger�s syndrome
    Severe and long lasting impairments in social interactions with repeated patterns of behavior, interest and activities
  48. Teen who uses a suicidal gesture
    is attempting to influence someone; often little or no depression and no real wish to die
  49. Social isolation
    lack of meaningful interactions with others
  50. Work within the client�s reality
  51. Gerontophobia
    fear of aging and refusal to accept the elderly into the mainstream of society
  52. Alzheimer�s meds
    cholinesterase inhibitors are used in mild to moderate stages of AD, about 3-6 years after diagnosis; acetylcholine is greatly decreased in people with AD
  53. Grief
    set of emotional reactions that accompany a loss
  54. Yearning
    reality of the loss begins to be realized and the griever becomes overwhelmed; crying, self blame and anger are common and some may even strike out at self or others; griever falls apart � becomes disorganized, depressed, and unable to complete ADLs
  55. Hallmark of bipolar disorder
    sudden and extreme shifts in emotional extremes (mania)
  56. Immune function and BP changes occur in people
    with hostile or negative behaviors during periods of conflict
  57. Factitious disorders and malingering differ from other somatoform disorder in that
    symptoms are intentionally produced; assume the sick role
  58. Anorexia is about
    maintaining control
  59. Dyssomnias
    abnormalities in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep
  60. Dissociative Identity Disorder main goal
    help client integrate or combine the personalities into one functional individual capable of coping with life�s stresses in a healthy manner
  61. DID individuals
    may engage in self destructive behaviors; need to contract to no self harm
  62. Level 1 therapeutic interventions
    focus on prevention of violence; establish and maintain a trusting relationship with clear and honest communications
  63. Recoil stage of recovery from violence
    struggles to adapt
  64. Indirect self destructive behaviors
    substance abuse, engaging in inappropriate or dangerous activities, unwillingness to change negative thoughts and actions
  65. Children with FAS
    are smaller at birth, have small heads, and fail to develop normally
  66. One�s self awareness
    has a strong influence on discussing sexual issues with clients

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