American Government

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Author:
rbaron
ID:
249978
Filename:
American Government
Updated:
2013-12-01 14:02:32
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Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
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  1. The language of the Fourteenth Amendment clearly states that the Bill of Rights is applicable to the states
    F
  2. For the Most part the Supreme Court considers obscenity as unprotected speech.
    T
  3. The Court has ruled that libel is specifically protected  by the First Amendment.
    F
  4. The establishment clause forbids the creation of an official state religion.
    T
  5. When action based on religious belief runs counter to criminal law the latter prevails.
    T.
  6. A police officer must always present a warrant before any search is made.
    F
  7. Indigent people have no constitutional right to have state appointed counsel in civile cases.
    T
  8. The Supreme Court has required the states to formulate uniform policies toward capital punishment.
    F
  9. Roe v. Wade prohibited virtually all restrictions on a woman's right to have an abortion during her first trimester of pregnancy.
    T
  10. Civil rights refers exclusively to one's specific constitutional rights.
    F
  11. The separate but equal doctrine was struck down by the Supreme Court in Plessy V. Ferguson
    F
  12. Shortly after the Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, schools in the South were desegregated
    F
  13. Public opinion polls have shown overwhelming popular support for affirmative action programs
    F
  14. The voting Rights Act of 1965 requires that any change in a locale's electoral system must be first cleared by the U.S. attorney general or the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.
    T
  15. Very few American Indians still live in reservations.
    F
  16. Much of what government and private citizens have done in recent decades has been driven by an intolerance of inequality.
    T
  17. The Fourteenth Amendment
    A.  is directed to state governments
    B.  was passed after the case of Gitlow v. New York
    C.  required another amendment to incorporate the Bill of Rights.
    D.  is precise about what is meant by liberty
    A.  is directed to state governments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following statements does not reflect an important objective of free expression
    A.  It is necessary to the political process set up by the Constitution
    B.  It contributes to social and political stability
    C.  It allows the dominant wisdon of the day to be challenged
    D.  it aids self-development
    B.  It contributes to social and political stability
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Regarding the issue of obscenity, the Supreme Court has
    A.  regarded it as unprotected speech
    B.  set a national standard for judging obscene materials
    C.  required scientific evidence that obscene materials are harmful
    D.  clearly defined its meaning
    A.  regarded it as unprotected speech
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is an example of symbolic speech?
    A.  a sit-in
    B.  libel
    C.  obscenity
    D.  defamation of character
    A.  a sit-in
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Using the Lemon test criteria, the Supreme Court has approved aid to sectarian schools in the form of
    A.  textbook loans to pupils
    B.  transportation for field trips
    C.  state tax credits for tuition
    D.  teacher salary supplements
    A.  textbook loans to pupils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The Supreme Court has approved all of the following except
    A.  letting the Amish take their children out of school after the eighth grade
    B.  letting members of the American Indian Church ingest peyote as part of a religious ritual
    C.  paying a state legislature's chaplain out of public funds
    D.  the formation of a religious club at a public high school
    B.  letting members of the American Indian Church ingest peyote as part of a religious ritual
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Mens rea refers to which of the following
    A.  presumption of innocence
    B.  criminal procedure
    C.  criminal intent
    D.  legal guilt
    C.  criminal intent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The exclusionary rule
    A.  allows the police to search a suspect without a warrant.
    B.  denies government the use of evidence gained as a result of violation of the suspect's rights.
    C.  allows retroactive application of criminal laws in certain cases
    D.  bypasses the procedural safeguards of the legal process when meeting out punishment
    B.  denies government the use of evidence gained as a result of violation of the suspect's rights.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Miranda rights do not include the right to
    A.  refuse a search if not presented with a warrant
    B.  remain silent
    C.  have a lawyer free of charge if the suspect cannot afford one.
    D.  have a lawyer present during interrogation
    A.  refuse a search if not presented with a warrant
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The right to counsel is guaranteed in all cases except
    A.  capital cases
    B.  felonies
    C.  midemeanors
    D.  civil cases
    D.  civil cases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following statements about capital punishment is false?
    A.  States may execute a convicted murderer who is mentally retarded
    B.  States vary widely in terms of the minimum age of a defendant who may be sentenced to death
    C.  The Court had declined to view capital punishment as inherently cruel and unusual
    D.  All fifty states allow capital punishment under certain conditions
    D.  All fifty states allow capital punishment under certain conditions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following is true of the Ninth Amendment?
    A.  It explicitly creates a right to privacy
    B.  It suggests that people have certain rights that are not specifically stated in the constitution
    C.  It extends the rights granted in the Constitution to the states.
    D.  It prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
    B.  It suggests that people have certain rights that are not specifically stated in the constitution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Roe v. Wade
    A.  voided a state law prohibiting the use of birth control devices
    B.  prohibited virtually all restriction on abortions during the first trimester
    C.  outlawed the practice of abortion
    D.  required the states to have their own policies on abortion
    B.  prohibited virtually all restriction on abortions during the first trimester
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following did Webster v. Reproductive Health Services do?
    A.  It outlawed the practice of abortion.
    B.  it overturned Roe v. Wade
    C.  It voided a state law prohibiting the use of birth control devices.
    D.  It made it clear that states could place restriction on abortions.
    D.  It made it clear that states could place restriction on abortions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. "If life is like a marathon, the government may have to carry some runners to the finish line if they are to get there at all," reflects the idea of
    A.  equality of opportunity
    B.  equality of condition
    C.  equality of result
    d.  none of the above
    C.  equality of result
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. To get around the Fifteenth Amendment, Southern legislature often turned to discriminatory devices such as
    a.  poll tazes
    b.  the grandfather clause
    c.  the white primary
    d.  all of the above
    d.  all of the above
  33. Early attempts to undermine racial segregation took the form of
    A.  legislative action led by liberal members of Congress
    B.  lawsuits to challenge the constitutionality of discrimination
    C.  pressure on local city councils and state governments
    D.  widespread demonstrations and boycotts.
    B.  lawsuits to challenge the constitutionality of discrimination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Quick implementation of the Brown decision way hampered by
    a.  opposition by federal judges in the South
    b.  opposition by local school boards
    c.  fear of hostile reaction by the local white community
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  35. According to the Supreme Court, when is segregation between school districts unconstitutional?
    A.  there is evidence that school boards have caused the segregation between districts
    B.  Educational opportunities are substantially different between the districts.
    C.  it is accompanied b large economic inequalities between the districts.
    D.  Each district is composed of over 85 percent of one race
    A.  there is evidence that school boards have caused the segregation between districts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 has had the effect of
    a.  creating federal review of changes in voting procedures in some states
    b.  dramatically increasing African American voter registration in the South
    c.  preventing efforts to dilute minority voting power in the South
    d.  all of the above
    d.  all of the above
  37. sexual bias in employment and promotion practices was outlawed by
    A.  Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
    B.  the Equal Rights Amendment
    C.  Title IX of the 1972 Educational Amendments
    D.  the Equal Pay Act 1963
    A.  Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Comparable worth
    A.  Would mandate equal pay for jobs of equal value
    B.  Involves preferential treatment for minorities
    C.  is required by the Equal Pay Act
    D.  would become national policy under the Equal Rights Amendment
    A.  Would mandate equal pay for jobs of equal value
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of the following statements about American Indians is false?
    A.  They suffer high rates of poverty and unemployment
    B.  they live primarily in large urban areas
    C.  they did not become American citizens until 1924
    D.  They compose less than one percent of the population
    B.  they live primarily in large urban areas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The nation's fastest growing minority group consists of
    A.  Latinos
    B.  Asians
    C.  the poor
    D.  American Indians
    A.  Latinos
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
    a.  extended legal resident status to illegal aliens who arrived before January 1, 1982
    b.  requires employers to verify the citizenship or legal status of all job applicants
    c.  resulted in discrimination against persons of Latina or Asian decent
    d.  all of the above
    d.  all of the above
  42. Which of the following is true of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990?
    A.  it bans discrimination only in programs receiving federal financial assistance
    B.  it classifies individuals with drug addiction as disabled Americans
    C.  It does not include individuals with mental disorders
    D.  it bans discrimination in employment and places of public accommodation
    D.  it bans discrimination in employment and places of public accommodation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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