An émigré is a person who has "migrated out", often with a connotation of political or social self-exile.
A coup d'état, is the sudden deposition of a government,usually by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to depose the extant government and replace it with another body, civil or military.
Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the later stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.
Constitution of the Year VIII
The Constitution of the Year VIII was a national constitution of France, adopted December 24, 1799, which established the form of government known as the Consulate.
A consulate is a representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consulate's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
Concordat of 1801
The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801. It solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France and brought back most of its civil status.
The Napoleonic Code is the French civil code established under Napoleon in 1804. The code forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs should go to the most qualified
Peace of Amiens
The Peace of Amiens lasted only one year (18 May 1803) and was the only period of peace during the so-called Great French War between 1793 and 1815.
The Continental System was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during the Napoleonic Wars.
Wars of Liberation
In the War of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and a number of German States finally defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba.
Invasion of Russia
The French Invasion of Russia began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.