Card Set Information
Pre-Industrial - Working Class
Played Mob Games
Lots of Space
Relied on Force rather than Skill
Pre-Industrial - Upper Class
Went to Public School
Thomas Arnold Influence - VALUES
Moving from the Countryside to Developing Towns
Conditions became Cramped and Unhygenic
- No Space to Play Mob Games, therefore New Sport/Games were needed.
- Developed - Particularly Railways
- Increased access to play matches from further afield.
- Able to have home and away matches.
- Increased spectators
- Sport can develop from local to regional and national.
- Easy to access countryside for holidays for the working class and escape polluted cities.
- Improvements on the road led to an increase in cycling.
- Sporting Press Created
- Literacy was improved - Development of newspapers
- Faster results through electronic telephone wires
- More interest generated.
- Sporting heroes created.
- Increased awareness and spectator base.
- Commercialisation of Sport.
- Faster results helped to increase spectator interest.
- More Baths
- More Parks Created
- The Municipal Reform 1835
- The Maunal Labour Clause Lifted
- Health of Nation seen as Important.
- Develop morale.
- Expected from Communities.
- Economic Benefits.
- Increased take up of swimming.
Emergence of Middle Class
- Large Impact
- Emerged as a result of Industrial Revolution - Mainly Factory Owners
- Disciplined but Healthy Workforce
- Religious Class
- Set up their own teams
- Initially poor as long hours, no leisure time and children also worked.
- Sundays was for going to Church.
- The Factory Act 1832 - Put restrictions on how long a child can work for.
- Saturday = Half Day
- Wednesday = Early Closing
- Bank Holidays, Increased Wages, Middle Class were Happy to get Time off for Sport.
- More Time, Money and Energy to Play Sport.
- Went into key roles where they could use their leadership skills (Admin, Church, Army, Teachers, Clubs, Universities, Patrons, Church and NGB's).
- University melting pots were key in helping to get games codified and rationalised.
- Set up their own teams/clubs
- Key Values they thought to be important through sport.
- Used church halls and fields for teams to practice.
- Wanted to increase church numbers so a different way to encourage them to take part.
- The Temperance Movement - A movement practicing restraint or moderation, particuarly alcohol.
- Create sense of community.
- Help games to spread as more interest.
- More sociable
- Formed to help organise sports - Rules, competitions etc.
- Allowed all to play same rules - Create a structured competition/games from this so could be spread further afield.