COreview

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COreview
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2013-12-01 17:14:57
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COreview
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  1. What pitch and power settings are used to enter a power-on stall? When do you recover?
    • Nose-low: 15-30° pitch-up
    • Nose-high: 30-40° pitch-up
    • 30-60% torque
    • 20-30° of bank, if turning
    • Recover:
    • Unplanned nose drop
    • Uncommanded rolling motion
  2. What is the purpose of the traffic pattern stall series? When do you recover from a traffic pattern stall?
    • Purpose: to teach early recognition and proper recovery
    • Recovery at the approach-to-stall indication
  3. What are the entry procedures for a break stall recovery?
    • 200 KIAS
    • Retard PCL to 10% torque and roll into 60° bank turn
    • Increase bank and back pressure until approach-to-stall indication is recognized
  4. What are the recovery procedures for an undershooting (nose-high) final turn stall?
    • Reduce back stick pressure to decrease AOA
    • PCL - MAX
    • Roll wings level
    • Minimize altitude loss
    • Establish positive climb
  5. What are the entry procedures for an overshooting (nose-low) final turn stall?
    • Configure and establish 120 KIAS
    • Initiate normal turn
    • Increase bank, back pressure, PCL - IDLE
    • Continue turn until approach-to-stall indication
  6. What are the entry procedures for a landing attitude stall?
    • Establish a simulated final approach 5-10 knots above final approach airspeed with flap setting
    • PCL - IDLE
    • Execute normal roundout
    • Hold landing attitude until approach-to-stall indication
  7. What is the entry procedure for the closed pullup stall?
    • 140 KIAS
    • Roll and pull to simulate over-aggressive closed pattern until approach-to-stall indication is recognized
  8. What is the primary cause of decaying airspeed in the emergency landing pattern?
    • Poor glide attitude control due to:
    • Pilot distraction with emergency situation
    • Runway fixation
  9. What is inverted flight?
    • Any flight condition with greater than 90° of pitch or bank
    • May be in level flight, nose-high, or nose-low
  10. Describe flight conditions that require a nose-low recovery.
    • Nose too far below the horizon to safely continue the maneuver
    • Nose below the horizon with too much airspeed to safely continue the maneuver
    • Present maneuver will take you out of the bottom of your assigned airspace or into clouds
    • Aircraft malfunction
  11. Which way do you roll during a nose-low recovery?
    Roll in the shortest direction upright toward the most sky
  12. Describe some situations that would require a nose-high recovery.
    • Insufficient airspeed to continue the maneuver
    • Disoriented
    • Present maneuver will take you out of the top of your assigned airspace or into clouds
    • Aircraft malfunction
  13. Under what conditions should you perform an out-of-control flight recovery?
    • Low/rapidly dissipating airspeed
    • Stick shaker vibration
    • Aircraft buffeting
    • Disorienting nose-high situations
  14. What caused an OCF condition? What are the types of OCF?
    • Stall combined with yaw which results in the aircraft not responding properly to control inputs
    • Types of OCF:
    • Poststall gyrations
    • Incipient spins
    • Steady-state spins
  15. What are the indications of a poststall gyration?
    • Loss of control effectiveness
    • Stalled or near-stalled AOA with stick shaker
    • Transient or erratic airspeed indications
    • Random turn needle indications
  16. What is an incipient spin? What cockpit indications will be present?
    • Incipient spin is the transition from a poststall gyration to a steady state spin
    • Turn needle fully deflected in the direction of rotation
  17. When is the PCL set to IDLE during a practice OCF entry?
    Prior to applying rudder
  18. For both practice and inadvertent OCF entries, what should you check before performing the recovery procedure?
    AOA, turn needle and airspeed
  19. What are the indications of a steady-state erect spin?
    • Sustained yaw rate
    • AOA at or above 18, with stick shaker
    • Turn needle fully deflected in direction of spin
    • Approximately 60° nose low
    • 2-3 seconds per turn
    • VSI pegged at 6000 fpm descent
    • Airspeed stabilized at 120-135 KIAS
  20. What is the entry procedure for a practice erect spin?
    • Clear above and below aircraft
    • Ensure proper altitude and cloud clearances
    • Complete pre-stall, spinning, and aerobatics checks
    • PCL - IDLE
    • Increase pitch - maintain level 1G flight
    • At 80 KIAS, apply back stick pressure, apply full rudder in desired spin direction
    • Nose should be 15-40° nose-high
  21. What are the characteristics of an inverted spin?
    • 30° nose low
    • 0 units AOA
    • Turn needle fully deflected
    • Airspeed 40 KIAS
    • -1.5Gs on accelermeter
  22. What is the inverted spin recovery procedure?
    • Gear, flaps and speed brake - retracted
    • PCL - IDLE
    • Rudder - full opposite
    • Control stick - Aft of neutral
    • Smoothly recover to level flight after rotation stops
  23. What principle is used to develop an area profile flight?
    • Principle of energy management
    • Initial profile development is based on planned working area entry, required maneuvers, and are exit
    • Area profiles should allow smooth maneuver flow while maintaining the working energy level
  24. Things you need to know to maintain area orientation?
    • Where you are
    • Area boundaries
    • Flight paths and energy characteristics of planned maneuvers
    • Winds at altitude
  25. What are the recovery procedures for a power-on stall?
    • Simultaneously:
    • Reduce AOA
    • PCL - MAX
    • Level wings
    • Minimize altitude loss
    • Establish positive climb
  26. How do you recover from an approach to stall while configured and on final in the traffic pattern?
    • Simultaneously:
    • Reduce back stick pressure
    • PCL - MAX
    • Maintain normal landing/TO attitude until climbing
    • Anticipate aircraft settling to runway before recovery is achieved
  27. What is the airspeed range for practice slow flight?
    80-85 KIAS
  28. What are the procedures for a nose-high recovery?
    • PCL - MAX
    • Pull/roll to nearest horizon
    • Return to straight-and-level flight
  29. How do you perform a nose-low recovery?
    • PCL - IDLE, speed brake as required
    • Roll in the shortest direction upright and begin to pull up when less than 90° of bank
    • Return to straight-and-level flight
  30. Which way do you roll during an inverted recovery?
    Roll in the shortest direction upright toward the most sky
  31. How do you position the control stick and rudder to stop rotation in an incipient spin?
    Neutralize both the stick and rudder as required by the OCF recovery procedure
  32. How can you determine that you are in a spiral instead of a spin?
    In a spiral AOA will not indicate a stall and airspeed will be steadily increasing
  33. What is the entry power setting for a stability demonstration?
    60% torque

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