Therapeutics Female 1

Card Set Information

Author:
kyleannkelsey
ID:
250047
Filename:
Therapeutics Female 1
Updated:
2013-12-01 18:54:54
Tags:
Therapeutics Female
Folders:
Therapeutics,Female,1
Description:
Therapeutics Female 1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kyleannkelsey on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. PMS occurs during the leuteal or follicular phase of the menstrual cycle?
    Leuteal
  2. Define PMS:
    Group f physical and behavioral symptoms occurring during the leuteal phase
  3. What percent of menstruating women get PMS?
    80%
  4. What percent of menstruating women get premenstrual dysphonic disorder?
    2-8%
  5. What is the cause of PMS?
    Cyclic relationship between ovarian steroids and their neurotransmitters
  6. What are the major signs and symptoms of PMS?
    Breast tenderness, Fatigue, HA, abdominal bloating, depressed mood, irritability
  7. What are the at risk populations for PMS?
    Obese, high stress, underlying depression/anxiety, genetic factors, comorbid conditions, age (20-40)
  8. What are the goals of PMS treatment?
    Undertanding PMS and Improving/eliminating symptoms
  9. PMS treatment is considered effective if there is a ________ or greater improvement in symptoms.
    50%
  10. What are the non-pharmacologic treatments for PMS?
    Aerobic exercise, Dietary modifications, Stress relief and Light therapy
  11. What dietary changes should be made to treat PMS?
    Less fat, caffeine and sodium, maybe more carbs
  12. What are the OTC options for treating PMS?
    Tylenol and Motrin for pain relief, Pamabrom, Ammonium chloride, Pyrilamine and caffeine diuretics
  13. What is the appropriate dosing schedule for Motrin treatment of PMS?
    Begin 1-2 days before expected pain for best relief and continue at scheduled intervals
  14. What does Motrin Contain?
    Naproxen and Ibuprofen
  15. What is the MOA for pamabrom?
    Increases: renal blood flow, GFR and diuresis
  16. What are the consequences of use for Pamabrom?
    Golden tint to urine
  17. What schedule would you suggest to a patient taking Pamabrom for PMS?
    Start 5-6 days before menses and continue until desired or through entire menses
  18. What is an important counseling tip for people taking pamabrom?
    Drink 6-8 cups of water a day
  19. Is Pamabrom a high or low potency diuretic?
    Low
  20. Is Ammonium Chloride a high or low potency diuretic?
    High
  21. What is the MOA of Ammonium Chloride?
    Excess ions promote cation and water excretion
  22. What are the consequences of use for Ammonium Chloride?
    Abdominal pain, increased thirst, N/V, gastritis, rash and elecreolyte abnormalities
  23. What are the at risk populations for Pamabrom?
    None reported
  24. What are the at risk populations for Caffeine?
    Anxiety, CV disease, GI issues, renal/hepatic impairment, seizures
  25. What are the at risk populations for Ammonium chloride use?
    Hepatic disease, electrolyte abnormalities or respiratory disease
  26. What is the MOA of Pyrilamine?
    Antihistamine/Diuretic
  27. What are the consequences of use for Pyrilamine?
    Anticholinergic side effects
  28. What groups are at risk for Pyrilamine use?
    No menstruating women, just Elderly and BPH
  29. What effects does Estrogen have on Neurotransmitters?
    Serotonin agonist, dopamine modulator
  30. What effects does Progesterone have on Neurotransmitters?
    GABA agonist
  31. Calcium decreased symptoms of PMS by what percent over placebo?
    18%
  32. What dose of Calcium can be used for PMS treatment?
    1-1.2 g daily
  33. What is the MOA of Calcium in the treatment of PMS?
    Replace Ca that may be low due to high estrogen levels
  34. What are the consequences of use of Ca in the treatment of PMS?
    HA, electrolyte imbalances and GI issues
  35. What groups are at risk when taking Calcium for PMS?
    Hypoparathyroid and nephrolithiasis
  36. What are the safety and effectiveness ratings for Magnesium in the treatment of PMS?
    Likely safe and Possibly effective
  37. What is the MOA of Magnesium for treatment of PMS?
    May relieve migraines with PMS by increased low levels of Mg during menses
  38. What are the consequences of use for Magnesium treatment of PMS?
    Diarrhea and hypomagnesaemia
  39. What patients are at risk when taking Magnesium for PMS?
    Renally impaired and neuromuscular disorder
  40. What are the safety and efficacy ratings for Pyridoxine (B6) treatment of PMS?
    Possibly safe and Possibly effective
  41. What symptoms may Pyridoxine possibly help with in PMS?
    Breast tenderness, PMS related-depression and anxiety
  42. What is the dose of Pyridoxine (B6) for PMS treatment?
    10-100 mg/day
  43. What is the potential MOA for Pyridoxine (B6) in the treatment of PMS?
    Might increases serotonin and GABA

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview