Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination

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Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination
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2013-12-11 19:09:17
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Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination
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Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination
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  1. What type of symmetry?
    What phylum? common name?
    • Asymmetrical
    • Porifera
    • sponge
  2. What type of symmetry?
    radial symmetry
  3. What type of symmetry?
    bilateral symmetry
  4. Primary germ layers
    diploblastic
  5. body cavity:
    A, B and C
    • A. acoelomate
    • B. pseudocoelomate
    • C. eucoelomate
  6. skeleton
    phylum
    • hydrostatic
    • cnidaria
  7. skeleton
    endoskeleton
  8. skeleton
    exoskeleton
  9. circulatory system
    open circulatory system
  10. circulatory system? phylum? class?

    • closed circulatory system
    • Phylum Annelida
    • Class Oligochaeta
    • oli = few
    • anatomy: prostomium, mouth, anus, body segments, clitellum, pharynx, cerebral ganglion, esophagus, crop, gizzard, dorsal vessel, lateral vessels, heartlets, metanephridia, testis, seminal vesicles, seminal receptacles, ovaries.
  11. circulatory system
    none
  12. Latin/Greek root word:
    little ring
    annelus
  13. Latin/Greek root word:
    flower
    antho
  14. Latin/Greek root word:
    jointed
    arthro
  15. Latin/Greek root word:
    bladder
    askos
  16. Latin/Greek root word:
    star
    aster
  17. Latin/Greek root word:
    self
    autos
  18. Latin/Greek root word:
    bird
    avis
  19. Latin/Greek root word:
    arm
    brachion
  20. Latin/Greek root word:
    short
    brevis
  21. Latin/Greek root word:
    moss
    bryon
  22. Latin/Greek root word:
    head
    cephalus
  23. Latin/Greek root word:
    margin, lip
    cheilos
  24. Latin/Greek root word:
    cord
    chorda
  25. Latin/Greek root word:
    hollow vessel
    cytos (kytos)
  26. Latin/Greek root word:
    skin
    derm
  27. Latin/Greek root word:
    double, two
    diplos
  28. Latin/Greek root word:
    horrible
    dino
  29. Latin/Greek root word:
    spiny
    echino
  30. Latin/Greek root word:
    outside
    ectos
  31. Latin/Greek root word:
    within
    endon
  32. Latin/Greek root word:
    gut
    enteron
  33. Latin/Greek root word:
    true
    eu
  34. Latin/Greek root word:
    bearing
    fera
  35. Latin/Greek root word:
    whips
    flagella
  36. Latin/Greek root word:
    stomach
    gastro
  37. Latin/Greek root word:
    jaw
    gnathos
  38. Latin/Greek root word:
    naked
    gymnos
  39. Latin/Greek root word:
    worm
    helminthes
  40. Latin/Greek root word:
    different
    heteros
  41. Latin/Greek root word:
    same, common
    homos
  42. Latin/Greek root word:
    fish
    ichthys
  43. Latin/Greek root word: nettle
    knide (cnide)
  44. Latin/Greek root word:
    hollow
    koilos (coelos)
  45. Latin/Greek root word:
    flat
    platy
  46. Latin/Greek root word:
    breast
    mamma
  47. Latin/Greek root word:
    middle
    mesos
  48. Latin/Greek root word:
    soft
    molluscus
  49. Latin/Greek root word:
    back
    noton
  50. Latin/Greek root word:
    bone
    osteon
  51. Latin/Greek root word:
    mold
    plasma
  52. Latin/Greek root word:
    foot
    pod or pous
  53. Latin/Greek root word:
    pore
    porus
  54. Latin/Greek root word:
    anus
    proctos
  55. Latin/Greek root word:
    wise
    sapiens
  56. Latin/Greek root word:
    lizard
    saur
  57. Latin/Greek root word:
    spine
    spinus
  58. Latin/Greek root word:
    feeder
    trophos
  59. Latin/Greek root word:
    tail
    uro (oura)
  60. Latin/Greek root word:
    animal
    zoon (zoa)
  61. phylum? class? characterisitics?
    • platyhelminthes
    • turbellaria
    • mostly parasitic
    • internal, not so specialized
  62. phylum? class?
    • platyhelminthes
    • trematoda
    • anatomy of typical planarian: head, eye spots, pharynx, gastrovascular cavity
  63. phylum? class?
    • platyhelminthes
    • cestoda
  64. phylum? common?
    • phylum nematoda
    • (round worm)
  65. phylum
    rotifera
  66. phylum
    rotifera
  67. phylum
    ectoprocta
  68. phylum? class?
    scallops, clams, oysters
    • mollusca
    • bivalvia
  69. phylum? class?
    snails, slugs, nudobranchs
    • mollusca
    • gastropoda
  70. phylum? class? legs?
    squid, octopus, nautilus, cuttlefish
    • mollusca
    • cephalopoda
    • 10 legs
  71. phylum
    arthropoda
  72. what phylum do jellyfish belong?
    chidaria
  73. What type of symmetry do sea stars have?
    pentamerous radial symmetry
  74. What phylum do sea stars belong?
    echinodermata
  75. What does ectoderm become? (5)
    hair, nails, epidermis, brain, nerves
  76. What does mesoderm become? (7)
    notochord (in chordates), dermis, blood vessels, hearts, bones, cartilage, muscle
  77. What does endoderm become? (4)
    internal lining of the gut and respiratory pathways, liver, pancreas
  78. How many germ layers do Cnidarians have?
    two (diploblastic)
  79. What animal is triploblastic?
    humans
  80. gastrulation
  81. In Protostome gastrulation, what forms first?
    mouth
  82. In Deuterstome (echinoderms and chordates) gastrulation, what forms first?
    anus
  83. What type of gut do sponges (phylum Porifera) have?
    no gut
  84. What are these:
    sponge spicules
    • sponge
    • Phylum Porifera
  85. What kind of gut does phylum Cnidaria have?
    blind sac gut
  86. Name three animals with complete gut.
    earthworm, grasshopper, bird
  87. Body cavity:
    acoelomate: lacks cavity between gut and outer body wall
  88. Body cavity:
    eucoelomate: body cavity completely lined with mesoderm
  89. Body cavity:
    Psedudocoelomate: body cavity partially lined with mesoderm
  90. Lobster segmentation:

    Abdomen, Cephalothorax, Thorax, Head, Antennae, Mouthparts, Pincers, Walking legs, Swimming appendages
    • Phylum Arthropoda
    • Subphylum Crustacea
    • 10 LEGS
    • (Crabs, shrimps, lobsters)
  91. Name two animals that demonstrate coloniality:
    • Coral
    • Portuguese man-of-war (polymorphic)
  92. sponge choanocyte
  93. common? phylum?
    • sponge
    • Porifera
  94. spongin fibers
  95. sponge spicules
  96. nematocyst
  97. cnidarian poly anatomy: body column, mouth, tentacles, epidermis, gastrodermis, gastrovascular cavity, ovary, testis and asexual bud
  98. phylum? class? forms?
    • feeding and reproductive polyps of a hydrozoan colony
    • cnideria
  99. phylum? class? form?
    • cnideria
    • anatomical features of hydrozoan medusae:
    • mouth (in middle: not shown)
    • manubrium
    • tentacles
    • gonad
  100. phylum? class? form?
    • cnideria
    • hydrozoan medusae (Obelia)
  101. phylum? class? form?
    • cnideria
    • hydrozoan medusae (Gonionemus)
  102. phylum? class? characterisitics?
    • cnideria
    • anatomical features of scyphozoan medusae (Aurelia)
    • oral arms, tentacles, rhopalia, gonads, radial canals
    • true jellies, medusa dominant
  103. phylum? class? characterisitics?
    • typical anemone anatomy: mouth, pharynx, tentacles, gastrovascular cavity, mesenteries, and acontia.
    • cnideria
    • anthozoa
    • corals, anemones
    • no medusae stage, poly is both sexual and asexual
  104. phylum? class?
    • typical trematode (digenetic fluke) anatomy: oral sucker, ventral sucker, gut, excretory pore, testis, ovary, yolk gland, uterus and seminal vesicle.
    • platyhelminthes
    • trematoda
  105. phylum? class?
    Typical tapeworm (Phylum Platyhelminthes Class Cestoda) anatomy: scolex, proglottid, testis, ovary, uterus, vas deferens, vitelline gland, vagina, and genital pore.
  106. sporocyt, redia, cercaria, adult
    Fluke life cycle stages

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