Napoleon

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Random42
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250146
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Napoleon
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2013-12-02 03:26:44
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AP Euro Vocab
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AP Euro Vocab
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  1. émigré
    An émigré is a person who has "migrated out", often with a connotation of political or social self-exile.
  2. coup d'état
    A coup d'état, is the sudden deposition of a government,usually by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to depose the extant government and replace it with another body, civil or military.
  3. Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the later stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.
  4. Constitution of the Year VIII
    The Constitution of the Year VIII was a national constitution of France, adopted December 24, 1799, which established the form of government known as the Consulate.
  5. Consulate
    A consulate is a representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consulate's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
  6. Concordat of 1801
    The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801. It solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France and brought back most of its civil status.
  7. Napoleonic Code
    The Napoleonic Code is the French civil code established under Napoleon in 1804. The code forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs should go to the most qualified
  8. Peace of Amiens
    The Peace of Amiens lasted only one year (18 May 1803) and was the only period of peace during the so-called Great French War between 1793 and 1815.
  9. Continental System
    The Continental System was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during the Napoleonic Wars.
  10. Wars of Liberation
    In the War of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and a number of German States finally defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba.
  11. Invasion of Russia
    The French Invasion of Russia began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.
  12. Metternich
    He engineered a détente with France that included the marriage of Napoleon to the Austrian Arch-Duchess Marie Louise, Austria's entry into the War of the Sixth Coalition on the Allied side, signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau that sent Napoleon into exile, and led the Austrian delegation at the Congress of Vienna which divided post-Napoleonic Europe between the major powers.
  13. Congress of Vienna
    a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815. The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
  14. Alexander I of Russia
    He succeeded to the throne after his father was murdered, and ruled Russia during the chaotic period of the Napoleonic Wars. In the first half of his reign Alexander tried to introduce liberal reforms, while in the second half his conduct became much more arbitrary, which led to the revocation of many earlier reforms.
  15. Hundred Days
    the period between Emperor Napoleon I of France's return from exile on Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 111 days).[3] This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign[4] and the Neapolitan War.
  16. Quadruple Alliance
    after the Napoleonic Wars, of the United Kingdom, Austria, Prussia, and Russia
  17. Romanticism
    an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution,[1] it was also a revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature.
  18. Sturm and Drang
    a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music taking place from the late 1760s to the early 1780s, in which individual subjectivity and, in particular, extremes of emotion were given free expression in reaction to the perceived constraints of rationalism imposed by the Enlightenment and associated aesthetic movements.
  19. Emile
    a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who considered it to be the “best and most important of all my writings”. Due to a section of the book entitled “Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar,” Emile was banned in Paris and Geneva and was publicly burned in 1762, the year of its first publication. During the French Revolution, Emile served as the inspiration for what became a new national system of education.
  20. The Critique of Pure Reason
    by Immanuel Kant, is one of the most influential works in the history of philosophy.Before Kant, it was generally held that a priori knowledge must be analytic, meaning that what is stated in the predicate must already be present in the subject and therefore be independent of experience.
  21. The Critique of Practical Reason
    exercised a decisive influence over the subsequent development of the field of ethics and moral philosophy, beginning with Fichte's Doctrine of Science and becoming, during the 20th century, the principal reference point for deontological moral philosophy.
  22. categorical imperative
    the central philosophical concept in the deontological moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Introduced in Kant's 1785 Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, it may be defined as a way of evaluating motivations for action.
  23. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. He wrote the poems The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, as well as the major prose work Biographia Literaria.
  24. William Wordsworth
    Was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with the 1798 joint publication Lyrical Ballads.
  25. Lord Byron
    Was an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric She Walks in Beauty. He is regarded as one of the greatest British poets and remains widely read and influential.
  26. Schlegel
    Was a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and indologist. With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of the Jena romantics. He was a zealous promotor of the Romantic movement and inspired Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Adam Mickiewicz and Kazimierz Brodziński.
  27. Goethe
    Was a German writer and politician. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of meters and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and color; and four novels. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him are extant.
  28. Romantic Art
    movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, it was also a revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature.[
  29. Romantic Artists
    Caspar David Friedrich, Francisco Goya, Thomas Cole, William Blake, among others.
  30. Methodism
    The Methodist movement is a group of historically-related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley. It originated as a revival within the 18th-century Church of England and became a separate Church following Wesley's death.
  31. Johann Gottfried Herder
    German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. He is associated with the periods of Enlightenment, Sturm und Drang, and Weimar Classicism.
  32. George William Hegel
    German philosopher, and a major figure in German Idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism.
  33. One Thousand and One Nights
    A collection of West and South Asian stories and folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. It is often known in English as the Arabian Nights.
  34. Thomas Carlyle
    Was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher during the Victorian era. He called economics "the dismal science", wrote articles for the Edinburgh Encyclopedia, and became a controversial social commentator.

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