med terms ch3

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mkpfister
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250189
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med terms ch3
Updated:
2013-12-02 12:38:43
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med terms
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  1. AIDS
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  2. Bx
    biopsy
  3. C & S
    Culture and Sensitivity
  4. HIV
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  5. HSV-1
    Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1
  6. HSV-2
    Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
  7. SLE
    Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  8. Adip-o
    fat
  9. Lip-o
    fat
  10. Steat-o
    fat
  11. Derm-o/dermat-o/ cutane-o
    skin
  12. hidr-o
    sweat
  13. histi-o
    tissue
  14. kerat-o
    hard
  15. myc-o
    fungus
  16. onych-o
    nail
  17. plas-o
    formation
  18. purpur-o
    purple
  19. seb-o
    sebum (oil)
  20. squam-o
    scale
  21. trich-o
    hair
  22. xanth-o
    yellow
  23. xer-o
    dry
  24. abscess
    • localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by inflammation of surrounding tissues, which heals when drained or excised 
    • abscessus= a going away
  25. acne
    inflammation of a sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin, evidenced by comedones (blackheads), pustules, or nodules on the skin
  26. actinic (or solar) keratoses
    localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, a known precursor to cancer
  27. alopecia
    • baldness
    • natural or unnatural deficiency of hair
  28. anesthetic
    drug that temporarily blocks transmission of nerve conduction to produce a loss of sensation (ex: pain)
  29. antifungal
    drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi
  30. antihistamine
    drug that blocks the effects off histamine in the body
  31. antipruritic
    drug that reduces inflammation
  32. antiseptic
    agent that inhibits growth of infectious microorganisms
  33. basal cell carcinoma
    • BCC
    • malignant tumor of the basal layer of epidermis
    • most common type of skin cancer
  34. basal layer
    deepest layer of epidermis
  35. biopsy
    removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic pathologic examination
  36. burn
    injury to body tissue caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or gases
  37. bulla
    • a blister larger than 0.5 cm (2nd degree burn)
    • bulla = bubble
  38. chemical peel
    technique for restoring wrinkled, scarred, or blemished skin by applying an acid solution to "peel" away the tope layers of skin
  39. chemotherapy
    treatment of malignancies, infections, and other diseases wit chemical agents that destroy selected cells or impair their ability to reproduce
  40. collagen
    protein substance in skin and connective tissue
  41. comedo
    plug of sebum (oil) within the opening of the hair follicle
  42. crust
    • dried residue of serum (body liquid), pus, or blood on the skin 
    • seen in impetigo
  43. cruosurgery
    destruction of tissue by freezing with application of an extremely cold chemical ( liquid nitrogen)
  44. culture and sensitivity
    technique of isolating and growing colonies of microorganisms to identify a pathogen and to determine which drugs might be effective for combating the infection it caused
  45. cutaneous lupus
    • limited to the skin
    • evidence by characteristic rash, especially on the face, neck and scap
  46. debridement
    removal of dead tissue from a wound or burn site to promote healing and prevent infection
  47. depigmentation
    loss of melanin pigment in the skin
  48. dermabrasion
    surgical removed of the epidermis frozen by  aerosal  spray using a wire brush and emery papers to remove scars, tattoos, & wrinkles
  49. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin characterizd by erythmal pruritus *inching
  50. dermatosis
    any disorder of the sin

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