Year 10 P&L

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Year 10 P&L
2013-12-02 19:04:27
Politics law study

Study for exams
Show Answers:

  1. What is the name for wa parliaments upper house?
    Legislative council
  2. How many members are in the legislative council?
  3. What is the lower house for wa called?
    The legislative assembly
  4. How many people is the legislative assembly made up of?
    59 (59 electorates)
  5. How often are elections held for the wa parliament?
    At least once every four years.
  6. Name of federal parliaments upper house? How many people?
    Senate, 76 members.
  7. Name federal parliaments lower house? How many people?
    House of Representatives, 150 members
  8. Hw often are federal elections held?
    Every three years, or sooner.
  9. Who is the pm of Australia?
    Tony Abbott
  10. Who is the Governor General?
    Quentin Bryce.
  11. Who is the minister for finance?
    Mathias Cormann.
  12. Who is George Brandis?
    The attorney general
  13. Who is the deputy pm?
    Warren truss.
  14. Who is the leader of the opposition?
    Bill shorten
  15. Minister for foreign affairs?
    Julie bishop
  16. Who is joe hockey?
  17. Who is Andrew robb?
    Minister for trade
  18. Who is minister for defence?
    David Johnston
  19. Who is the premier of wa?
    Colin Barnett
  20. What is your local electorate? who was it named after?
    Curtin, named after John Curtin who was the Prime Minister of Australia 1941–45.
  21. Since 2007, what prime ministers has Australia had?
    Kevin Rudd, Julia Gillard, Kevin Rudd and tony Abbott.
  22. How is a bill passed?
    • Idea - need for a new law identified
    • Approved by PM/cabinet - introduced to house that whoever the minister responsible for new law is in

    • Initiation - Minister presents bill and moves 'That the bill be read a first time.'
    • First reading - introduction to parliament by minister
    • Second reading - minister outlines principles of bill and philosophy behind bill is debated
    • Committee stage - not all bills are taken to this stage, only taken if a member wishes to amend the bill
    • Third reading - read for third and final time and final votes take place
    • Bill is passed - ready to become an act of parliament
  23. What is the court hierarchy? Roles of each level?
    • High court of Australia:
    • Original jurisdiction and appeals
    • Supreme Court:
    • Criminal - most serious indictable offences
    • Civil - claims over $750,000
    • District court:
    • Criminal - indictable offences up to 20 years in gaol 
    • civil - claims between $75,000-$750,000
    • Magistrates court: 
    • Criminal - simple Offences of minor nature 
    • civil -  claims up to $75,000
    • uses magistrate and no jury
  24. What is precedent and how does it operate?
    Precedent is when a judge makes a decision, all similar cases must follow that decision. Some are binding and some are only persuasive.
  25. What is the difference between binding and persuasive precedents?
    • Binding - made by higher courts and must be followed
    • persuasive - made by lower courts so does not have to be followed but gives a good guide/line of reasoning
  26. What are rules?
    Regulate behaviour of certain groups or individuals but not society as a whole
  27. What are customs?
    Traditions usually handed down from generation to generation that are acknowledged as the right way to do things.
  28. What are morals?
    What society considers right; these change over time as society changes.
  29. What are laws?
    The set of rules that regulate behaviour in society and enforced by that society.