Year 10 P&L
Card Set Information
Year 10 P&L
Politics law study
Study for exams
What is the name for wa parliaments upper house?
How many members are in the legislative council?
What is the lower house for wa called?
The legislative assembly
How many people is the legislative assembly made up of?
59 (59 electorates)
How often are elections held for the wa parliament?
At least once every four years.
Name of federal parliaments upper house? How many people?
Senate, 76 members.
Name federal parliaments lower house? How many people?
House of Representatives, 150 members
Hw often are federal elections held?
Every three years, or sooner.
Who is the pm of Australia?
Who is the Governor General?
Who is the minister for finance?
Who is George Brandis?
The attorney general
Who is the deputy pm?
Who is the leader of the opposition?
Minister for foreign affairs?
Who is joe hockey?
Who is Andrew robb?
Minister for trade
Who is minister for defence?
Who is the premier of wa?
What is your local electorate? who was it named after?
Curtin, named after John Curtin who was the Prime Minister of Australia 1941–45.
Since 2007, what prime ministers has Australia had?
Kevin Rudd, Julia Gillard, Kevin Rudd and tony Abbott.
How is a bill passed?
Idea - need for a new law identified
Approved by PM/cabinet - introduced to house that whoever the minister responsible for new law is in
Initiation - Minister presents bill and moves 'That the bill be read a first time.'
First reading - introduction to parliament by minister
Second reading - minister outlines principles of bill and philosophy behind bill is debated
Committee stage - not all bills are taken to this stage, only taken if a member wishes to amend the bill
Third reading - read for third and final time and final votes take place
Bill is passed - ready to become an act of parliament
What is the court hierarchy? Roles of each level?
High court of Australia:
Original jurisdiction and appeals
Criminal - most serious indictable offences
Civil - claims over $750,000
Criminal - indictable offences up to 20 years in gaol
civil - claims between $75,000-$750,000
Criminal - simple Offences of minor nature
civil - claims up to $75,000
uses magistrate and no jury
What is precedent and how does it operate?
Precedent is when a judge makes a decision, all similar cases must follow that decision. Some are binding and some are only persuasive.
What is the difference between binding and persuasive precedents?
Binding - made by higher courts and must be followed
persuasive - made by lower courts so does not have to be followed but gives a good guide/line of reasoning
What are rules?
Regulate behaviour of certain groups or individuals but not society as a whole
What are customs?
Traditions usually handed down from generation to generation that are acknowledged as the right way to do things.
What are morals?
What society considers right; these change over time as society changes.
What are laws?
The set of rules that regulate behaviour in society and enforced by that society.