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- fileName "WKU Nursing: Maslow, Erikson, Kohlberg"
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- List Maslow five levels: Starting at most basic
- Physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, self-actualization
Oxygen, water, and food. Which level of Maslow?
Stability and order, freedom from fear. Which level of Maslow?
Safety and security
Friendships, need to escape loneliness. Which level of Maslow?
Love and belonging
Self confidence, capability, and adequacy. Which level of Maslow?
Which level of Maslow? Realizing ones full potential and not reached by everyone.
Stage of Kohlberg: Punishment Avoidance Stage
Stage of Kohlberg: Getting what you want by trading
Stage of Kohlberg: Meeting expectations of others
Stage of Kohlberg: Fullfilling duties and upholding laws
Stage of Kohlberg: sense of democracy and relativity of rules
Stage of Kohlberg: self selection of universal principles
Level 1: Values in external environments
Level 2: Performing right roles
Level 3: Shared standards, rights, and duties
Erickson: Infancy (birth to 18 months)
Trust vs. Mistrust
Erikson: Toddler (18 months to 3 years)
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Erikson: Late childhood (3 to 5 years)
Initiative vs. Guilt
Erikson: school age (school age 6 to 12 years)
Industry vs. Inferiority
Erikson: Adolescence (12 to 20 years)
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Erickson: young adulthood ( 18 to 25 years)
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Erikson: middle adulthood (25-65)
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Erikson: Older adulthood (65 on up)
Integrity vs. Despair
Coordination of senses with motor responses. Sensory curoisity about the world. Language used for demands and cataloguing. Object permanance develops.
2 to 7 years
Symbolic thinking. Use of proper syntax and grammer to express full concepts. Imagination and intuition are strong, but complex abstract thought difficult. Conservation developed.
Piaget: Concrete Operational
7 to 11 years
Concepts attached to concrete situations. Time, space, and quantity are understood can be applied but not independent concepts
Piaget: Formal Operations
11 on up
Theoretical, hypotherical, and conterfactural. Abstract logic and reasoning. Strategy and planning become possible. Concepts learned in one context can be applied to another