What are the differences among the three types of acid-base reaction definitions?
- Arrhenius: it is the formation of H2O from H+ and OH-
- Bronsted & Lowry: It is the H+ transfer from a stronger acid to a stronger base to form a weaker base and weaker acid.
- Lewis: it is the donation and acceptance of an electron pair to form a covalent bond in an adduct.
- -A Lewis base must have a lone pair of electrons to donate
- -a Lewis acid must have a vacant orbital (or the ability to rearrange it's orbitals to form one)to accept a lone pair and form a new bond.