Development from Amateurism to Professionalism
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19th Century - Amateur
- - High Status
- - Most amateur were the best players
- - Could afford to take time off work.
- - Did not need to make money from sport.
- - Excluded working class from amateur sports as did not want to play against them.
19th Century - Professional
- - Needed to be paid as could not afford time off work.
- - Used sport as a way of social mobility - better life.
Why was there an increase in professionalism?
- - Professional sports began to increase as transport and communication systems improved.
- - This meant fans could travel to games or listen to them at home.
- - Gradually sports began to rely on the support of their fans.
- - Spectators were only interested in the game as long as it was exciting and interesting.
- - Teams wanted the ebst players in order to maintain a fan base.
- - Unfortuately, the best players couldn't afford to take time off work to play so finacial assistance was needed.
- - This was something NGB's adminstrators didn't like.
- - Broken time payments were made to compensate loss of earnings of lower class.
- - Transport and Communication Improved
- - Spectator Base Improved
- - Spectators want to see the best.
- - Professionals need paying = Broken Time Payments
How 'shamateurism' come about and what was done about it?
- - Commercialisation - Large sums of money were being paid to the organisers of sporting events - none reached the performers.
- - Amateur professionals started to demand more money. They used to be persuaded into accepting 'back-handers' in order to finance their investment.
- - NGB's set up 'Trust Funds'.
Based upon the idea that participation in sport should be for the love of it rather than monetary gain.
Late 19th Centruy Amateur
They did not need money from sport and could afford to take time off work.
- - Plays for the love of the game.
- - Receives no finacial rewards.
- - Always play by the rules and gracious in accepting defeat.
- - Demonstrates fair play and sportmanship.
- Term describing amateur professionals who receive payments secretly. this went against amateurism.
- - Someone who participates in sport for finacial reward.
- - They sign a contract and cannot play for another club.
- - Sport is their career with no other source of income except sponsorship.
Late 19th Century Professional
- Needed to be paid as could not afford to take time off work.
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