Philosophy Mid-Term Study

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Philosophy Mid-Term Study
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Study cards for philosophy mid-term exam
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  1. Cogito ergo sum ("I think, therefore I
    am")
    Rene Descartes
  2. Esse est percepi ("to be is to be perceived")
    Bishop George Berkley
  3. God perceives
    Saint Anslem
  4. Everything is made of numbers
    Pythagoras
  5. Theoretical concept of the atom
    Democritus
  6. Allegory of the cave
    Plato
  7. Term to indicate there is no physical world
    Idealism
  8. Concept of being both dead and alive
    Schrodinger's cat
  9. Mechanical Slope
    Plank's Constant
  10. Synthesis of rationalism and empiricism debate
    Immanuel Kant
  11. Allusion is not error
    Sigmund Freud
  12. Holographic universe
    Michael Talbot
  13. Primary and second qualities of matter
    John Locke (Exist within and outside the object)
  14. "The terrifying helpless of childhood"
    Sigmund Freud
  15. The ontological argument
    Saint Anslem
  16. Cosmic watchmaker
    Thomas aquanis
  17. The five proofs for the existence of god
    Tomas Aquin
  18. Reality is learned through the senses
    John Locke
  19. Father of existentialism
    Soren Kierkegaard
  20. Father of western philosophy
    Socrates
  21. Father of modern philosophy
    René Descartes
  22. Ghost in the machine
    Gilbert Ryle
  23. Book: The Concept of Mind
    Gilbert Ryle
  24. The experience machine
    Robert Nozick
  25. Book: Anarchy, State, and Utopia
    Robert Nozick
  26. Brain in the vat
    Hillary Putnam
  27. "The self is an allusion"
    Sigmund Freud
  28. "You can never step in the same river
    twice"
    Heraclitus
  29. Reasoned thought, gained solution
    Rationalism
  30. Testing, direct proof
    Empiricism
  31. Book: Summa thrologica
    Tomas Aquin
  32. You are limited by your five senses, and you can create your own reality
    Vail of our senses
  33. Matter being the only existing thing in the
    universe
    Materialism
  34. Believing in both mind and matter
    Dualism
  35. The Malicious Demon
    Rene Descartes
  36. The mind is central to reality
    John Locke
  37. The physical origins of religious ideas
    Sigmund Freud
  38. Every type of event is determined by previous
    events
    Determinism
  39. Refers to those who believed in free will
    Libertarianism
  40. Attack on the rationality of belief
    David Hume
  41. Critique of pure reason
    Immanuel Kent
  42. Philosophy has failed us
    Immanuel Kent
  43. The cosmological argument
    Tomas Aquin
  44. Earth is too complex to be random, therefore
    there must have been a creator
    The teleological argument
  45. Can't have commands without a commander
    Morality argument
  46. The view that the existence of god question is
    unattainable
    Agnosticism
  47. "A defense of Atheism"
    Ernest Nagel
  48. A theory of mental content based on an analogy
    with Darwinism
    Memetics
  49. Book: The Selfish Gene
    Richard Dawkins - 1976
  50. Based on the proposition that all things that
    organisms do can and should be regarded as behaviors
    Behaviorism
  51. Theoretical framework for understanding the mind that came into the usage in 1950
    Cognitivism
  52. Theory of knowledge that argues that humans
    generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences
    and their ideas
    Constructivism
  53. Efforts to create a unified field theory
    Quantum mechanics
  54. Number that cleans up the slop
    Plank's Constant
  55. Theory the most things with few assumptions is best
    Occam's Razor
  56. At miniscule level of quantum mechanics, it
    becomes impossible to measure a particle's exact location with any degree of precision
    Heisenberg uncertainty principle
  57. Most or all a man's life is determined for him
    by factors beyond his control
    Scientific determinism
  58. There is both a wave and a particle (things can
    be both)
    Wave/Partial Duality
  59. (butterfly effect) everything that happens,
    effects something else
    Chaos theory
  60. Theory of relativity
    Albert Einstein - relativity is relative to where you are
  61. Higgs boson particle
    Particle that gives mass to other particles "glue that holds everything together"
  62. The empty space is actually something
    Dark matter/energy
  63. Thermodynamic arrow of time
    Direction of time in which disorder increases
  64. Psychological arrow of time
    Direction of time in which we feel time passing
  65. Cosmological arrow of time
    Direction of time in which the universe is expanding
  66. Where our ethical principals come from, and what
    they mean
    Meta-ethics
  67. To arrive at a moral standards the regulate right and wrong conduct
    Normative ethics
  68. Examining specific controversial issues
    Applied ethics
  69. View about the foundation of morality
    The Divine Command Theory
  70. There is a natural law that must be obeyed where it is written down by legislative authorities or not
    Natural Law Theory
  71. Moral disagreements stem from the fact that what is right for one is not necessarily right for another
    Moral relativism
  72. A doctrine of military ethics which hold that a
    conflict can and ought to meet the criteria of philosophical, religious or political justice, provided it follows certain conditions.
    The just war theory
  73. Inclination to believe that people are motivated
    purely be self interest
    Cynicism
  74. Stresses that philosophy can liberate one from
    any fears of death and the super natural, and can teach us to find happiness in almost any situation
    Epicureanism
  75. The endurance of pain or hardship without a
    display of feelings and without complaint
    Stoicism
  76. "When you know what is right you will do
    what is right"
    Plato ethics
  77. The middle way (The golden mean)
    Aristotle's ethics
  78. Upanishads
    Hinduism book
  79. Bhagavad-Gita
    Hinduism book
  80. Self is the true divinity (reality is one)
    Upanishads
  81. Said he would worry about the next world only
    after figuring out the proper way to live in this world
    Confucianism
  82. Everyone has a role to play based on their relationships to other people
    Confucianism
  83. Way of life which tries to accommodate the
    tendencies of nature
    Taoism
  84. Holds that an action is morally justified to the
    extent that it maximizes benefits and minimizes harms or costs
    Utilitarianism
  85. Moral absolutism
    Believe there is a single truth
  86. Moral Relativism
    Maintain that there are moral truths, but they do not form a body of coherent and consistent truths
  87. "Ethics is based upon the deep, dark aspect
    of humanity"
    Friedrich Nietzsche
  88. "The ends justifies the means"
    Nicollo Machavelli
  89. Book: Leviathan - 1651
    Thomas Hobbes
  90. "Life, health, liberty, or
    possessions"
    John Locke
  91. Idea of Utopia
    Sir Thomas More
  92. We give up our rights as humans in exchange for security
    Social contact theory

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