ENTM 206 Final Part I

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ENTM 206 Final Part I
2013-12-09 13:23:02
Insect Orders

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  1. Isoptera:
    Common name
    Order Derivation
    • Termites
    • Equal wings
    • Paurometabola
  2. Isoptera facts
    • Have fermentation pouch in the rectum of hindgut
    • New colonies are established by swarming
    • Termites feed on paper
    • workers are wingless, sterile and male or female
    • Make earthen tubes to get to wood in housed and don't break the surface
  3. Demaptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Earwigs
    • skin wings
    • Paurometabola
  4. Dermaptera Facts
    • hind wings are care shaped and folded behind tegmen
    • Common name from used to think earwigs crawled into peoples ears to lay eggs
    • Cerci unjointed and formed into heavily sceritized forceps with sex differences
    • Females protect eggs, which is the start of social organization
    • One group in caves, some on African rates
  5. Mallophaga
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Chewing Lice
    • wool eat
    • Paurometabola
  6. Mallophaga facts
    • thoracic spirals found ventrally
    • when on birds 2 claws, when on mammals 1 claw
    • many species infest specific body regions of host
    • Eggs cemented to hairs and feathers
    • the dog louse is an intermediate for dog tape worm
  7. Anoplura
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Sucking lice
    • unarmed tail
    • Paurometabola
  8. Anoplura Facts
    • peicing-sucking mouthparts retract into head when not feeding
    • thoracic segmens are fused
    • thoracic spericles are dorsal
    • At least wo species infest humans
    • Nits are the eggs of sucking lice (nit picker)
  9. Thysanoptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Thrips
    • fringe wings
    • paurometabola
  10. Thysanoptera Facts
    • right mandibular stylite is missing
    • head is cone-shaped
    • Tarsi with a protrusive blater used to adhear to plants
    • fringed wings
    • the propupa and pupa are resting stages similar to the pupal stage of holometabolus insects
  11. Hemiptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • True Bug
    • half wings
    • Paurometabola
  12. Hemiptera Facts
    • All bugs are insects but not all insects are bugs
    • Hemielytron: mesnothortic wing is half sclritized and half membernous
    • piercing sucking mouth parts come from the front of the head
    • Some males carry eggs on back until they hatch
    • Some cultures eat electric Light bug
  13. Homoptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • cicadas, leafhoppers, treehoppers, aphids, scale inscets
    • same wings
    • Paurometabola
  14. Homoptera facts
    • There are periodical cicadas that remain in the soil as nymphs for 13 or 17 years then they emerge in large brodes
    • cicadas damage trees by oviposition
    • some have well developed pronotal projections
    • aphides have two abdominal tubes, the cornicles, that can secrete warning chemicals
    • Red food dye no. 4 is banned except in coloring maraschino cherries, banned compleatle in Europe. now use cochineal scale as natural food dye
  15. Neuroptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Nerve-winged insects, mantidflies, dobsonflies, lacewings, antlions
    • nerve wings
    • Holometabola
  16. Neuroptera facts
    • lacewings eggs are deposited on stalks to prevent larvae from eating eachother
    • lacewing larve will cover body with debris to hide from prey
    • Lacewing larvae mandibles have sickle-shaped with a grove to suck body juices of pray
    • Immature antloins dig a pit in the soil to capture ants
    • a few adults like dragonfly feed little to not at all
  17. Coleoptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Bettles
    • sheath wings
    • Holometabola
  18. Coleoptera Facts
    • Heaviest Insects: African Goliath beetle, weighs 33 pennies
    • Feather wing beetle is smallest beetle at .075 inch long
    • forewing is an elytron, a few are wingless and some with short elytron
    • Tigerbeetle has large eyse for good vision, mandibles with innerspines to hold prey and hide on cloudy days
    • Tiger beetles immatures jump backwards to capture pray w/ hook on abdomen to anchor them to soil tube
  19. Diptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • True Flies
    • two wings
    • Holometabola
  20. Diptera facts
    • Mayans used maggot therapy
    • US Civil war maggots saved lives and appendages
    • Metathoraic wing is haltare
    • Have arista, a seta arrising from the flaggellum of antenne
    • Have diverse mouth types: piercing-sucking-cutting sponging
  21. Siphonaptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Fleas
    • a tube without wings
    • holometabola
  22. Siphonaptera Facts
    • Fleas circus in 1950s and 1960s
    • Bubo is swelling of lymphs - airpits, groan and neck
    • Quaritine - 40 days, how long ships had to stay at anchor
    • Cause of bubonic plage- formation of buboes, also called black death
    • Body laterally flattened, covered with numerous spines and bristles
  23. Lepidoptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Butterflies, moths, skippers
    • Scales wings
    • Holometabola
  24. Lepidoptera Facts
    • Only group with siphoning mouthparts
    • most adults have wings covered with scales
    • different antenae: Butterfly- knobbed, Moth- Plumose, Skippers- hooked
    • Pupupe in silk cocoons, earthen cells or chrystalis
    • Crockets on Prolegs
  25. Hymenoptera
    Common Name
    Order Derivation
    • Bees, ants, wasps
    • membrane wings
    • Holometabola
  26. Hymenoptera facts
    • Bees produce honey
    • Some ants herd aphids for protection and get honey dew food from ants
    • some with chewing lapping mouth parts
    • most with constriction between the thorax and the abdomen
    • Carpender ants make nests out of damaged wood in the home