How do you calculate the amount of fluid a patient should receive based on their NPO deficits??
Take their maintenance rate and multiply it by the length of fast in hours.
ex. A patients maintenance rate is 150ml/hr. They have been fasting for 8 hours. What is their NPO deficit??
***150 x 8 = 1200 ml deficit
this deficit needs to be replaced during the surgical procedure. It the procedure is not long enough to replace the full deficit, replace what you can during the time frame.