HDLS3

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TheMarsh60
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250471
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HDLS3
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2013-12-07 18:15:10
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HDLS3
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  1. Increased uric acid, monosodium urate crystals in SQ and articular (joints) tissues, are symptoms of what?
    Gout.
  2. What is the first sign of measles?
    Koplik's spots.
  3. What is the first sign of smoke inhalation?
    Hoarseness
  4. What are the two antibiotics not used in children?
    Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol.
  5. What are the signs and symptoms of a fat embolism?
    Appearance 24 - 48 hours post sx

    ARDS

    CP

    Petechia on anterior chest

    Apprehensive

    Increased RR

    ST changes
  6. Three ways to describe a skull fracture
    • 1. Closed or open
    • 2. simple or compound
    • 3. linear or depressed
  7. How to position a child with hip displasia:
    Shoulders above butt.
  8. Common med for gonorrhea
    Flagyl
  9. What condition results from the demylization of neurons?
    Multiple sclerosis
  10. A CT scan will be positive for a stroke how long after onset?
    48-72
  11. Distintive sign of diverticulities
    Cramping pain in LLQ
  12. What is a major problem with an ileostomy that can cause infection?
    Excoriation
  13. Positive Sputum in TB test means
    Active TB infection
  14. Agnosia means
    Inability to recognize objects
  15. Post op cataract patient is placed in what position?
    Prone and on bed rest
  16. A patient with a C7 injury can move
    Head and neck
  17. What should you ask a patient with a white covering on their tongue?
    Have you been to the woods? (This is a sign of rocky mountain fever/ricketts)
  18. What should a patient with Lyme disease be taught never to take with their meds?
    Milk and dairy.
  19. A serious side effect of strep
    Glomerular nephritis
  20. A serious complication of hemorrhagic stroke is
    Vasospasm of the cerebral vessels
  21. A stroke in the vertbrobasilar artery will result in
    Death
  22. A transection of C4 results in
    Quad
  23. A vaccination for pertussis should be expected at what age?
    (10)
  24. Abducens nerve problem leads to
    Diplopia
  25. ABX used to treat histoplasmosis
    Amphotericin B
  26. Reciving immunization is example of what immunity
    Acquired
  27. Action of fosamax
    Inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption, incerases bone density and mass (women in menopause)
  28. Host producing own antibodies is example of what kind of immunity?
    Active
  29. Acute laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB) is often preceded by
    URI (upper respiratory infection)
  30. ADH is affected by
    Surgery and anasthesia
  31. What should a skin graft be covered with?
    Bulky occlusive
  32. Alleviation of discomfort for post lumbar puncture
    • Bed rest
    • hydration
    • analgesics
  33. Alterations in Mag can cause
    toxic shock syndrome
  34. A serious development in ICP is
    Widening pulse pressure
  35. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis manifestioations
    muscles weakness and wasting
  36. Increased urine SG (>1.025) is a sign of
    Dehydration
  37. Action of anticholinergic post op
    bronchial dilation, dries secretions
  38. Medications contraindicated in Salmonella
    Antidiarrheals
  39. Antidote for ASA
    activated charchol
  40. Antidote for digoxin (dig)
    Lidocaine
  41. Antidote for lead
    penicillimine
  42. Apraxia
    Can't carry out meaningful task
  43. MMR schedule
    • 1 year
    • 4 years
    • 11 years
  44. Athetosis
    Twisting or withering movements
  45. Autoimmune disorder in which aCh receptors are attacked
    Myasthenia Gravis
  46. Spinal chord injury at T6 results in
    autonomic dysreflexia
  47. Babinski's reflex
    Toes fan out and together (bad sign in adults as it's lost after infancy)
  48. Best way to manage dumping syndrome
    Small frequent meals without concentrated carbs
  49. TX for Black wound (brown or gray)
    Debridement
  50. Bleed between dura mater and arachnoid layer
    Subdural hematoma
  51. Halo sign
    blood in center, yellow around
  52. Bouchards nodes are found where?
    proximal interdigital area
  53. Bucks traction benefit
    decreases muscle spasms
  54. Can cause parotitis orchitis(testicular swelling) in post pubertal males
    Mumps (parotitis)
  55. Caused by viruses like margurg, ebola, lassa, junin . . .
    Hemorrahgic fever
  56. Cerebrospinal infection considered a medical emergency
    Bacterial meningitis
  57. Chlamydia is a concern for what method of delivery
    Vaginal
  58. Bowel disorder commonly affecting Jews. 
    Nonspecifc, and affecting any part of the GI.
    Crohn's
  59. Chronic, progressive degenerative disorder of the CNS
    MS
  60. Closed method burn care
    Dressing change TID
  61. Cogard for CAD. Why?
    Typical betal blocker
  62. What instructions should be given with Colbenamid (colichine)? (Gout)
    Increase fluid intake
  63. Complication of untreated pharyngitis (strep)
    Glomular nephrities
  64. Corneal reflex is a sign of what?
    Breast CA metastasized to brain
  65. Defervescence febrile response
    Sweating
  66. This disease presents with decreased aCh and GABA
    Huntingtons
  67. Deformity resulting in lateral curvature of the spine
    Scoliosis
  68. Depression, dementia, joint pain, sore throat are signs of what disease
    Lyme
  69. Diet consistent with glomerulonephritis:
    Low sodium, low protein, high carb
  70. Diet to promote wound healing
    Iron, C, protein
  71. Results from surgical removal of portion of stomach and pyloric sphincter
    dumping syndrome
  72. Diversional activity for patient with chorea
    TV
  73. DM2 effect on wound healing
    • Delayed due to decreased o2
    • decreased collagen
    • and retarded new capilary growth
  74. How do dopamine agonists work?
    Prevent reuptake of dopamine and keep it in the system longer
  75. T-Dap is
    Tetanuse, pertussis, diptheria vaccine
  76. Droopy eyes in what disorder?
    Myasthenia gravis
  77. Drug for acute pharyngitis
    PCN V
  78. Tdap schedule
    • 2 month
    • 4 month
    • 6 month

    4-6 years
  79. Duodenal ulcers heal by what intention?
    Third
  80. During hemorrhage, what is administered to control hypovolemia (assuming fluid has been replaced and you're not up to date and using Levo as the pressor of choice?)
    Dopamine
  81. Most accurate temp spot during surgery
    Tympanic membrane
  82. Early sign of ICP
    Decreasing LOC
  83. Electromyography is used to detect
    Muscular disorders
  84. How is Herpes transmitted?
    Person to person with mucous membrane secretions.
  85. HSV1 Infects:
    Face, ocular, oral
  86. HSV2 Infects:
    Genital
  87. Primary infection symptoms of Herpes
    Cold sores or genital lesions. Could be asymptomatic.
  88. Term when symptoms [of Herpes] are absent, but have progessed to sensory nerve cells, and can reactivate during stress.
    Latency.
  89. Nurse teaching regarding Herpes:
    Avoid kissing, sharing food, utensils, and sex during periods of outbreak.
  90. Who displays fewer symptoms with STDs.
    Women
  91. Complications of Herpes
    Sterility and neoplasm
  92. Impaired liver function results in:
    COAGULOPATHY AND ENCEPHALOPATHY
  93. LABS INDICATING IMPAIRED LIVER
    ELEVATED SGOT AND SGPT
  94. MEDICAL MANAGEMENT OF IMPAIRED LIVER
    ANTIEMETIC, ANALGESIC, VIT K, FLUID TO REPLACE ELECTROLYTES AND DEHYDRATION
  95. IMPAIRED LIVER DIET
    • FREQENT.
    • HIGH CALORIE
    • LOW FAT
    • MODERATE PROTEIN
    • INCREASED FLUID TO 3000 ML/DAY
  96. PRIMARY ACTION AGAINST SPREADING PATHOGENS
    HAND WASHING
  97. IMPAIRED LIVER TEACHING
    ABSTAIN FROM SEX AND SHARING PERSONAL ITEMS UNTL SERUM LIVER STUDIES ARE WNL
  98. COMMON NAME FOR SPIROCHETTE TREPONEMA PALLIDUM
    SYPHILLUS
  99. HOW IS SYPHILIS AQUIRED?
    SEXUAL CONTACT OR CONGENTIAL
  100. WHAT POPULATION HAS HIGHEST INCIDENCE OF SYPHILIS
    DRUG USERS AND HIV INFECTED
  101. PRIMARY SYMPTOMS OF SYPHILIS
    PAINLESS CHANCRE
  102. SECONDARY SYMPTOMS OF SYPHILIS
    • GENERALIZED INFECTION WITH RASH ON PALMS AND SOLES OF FEET
    • HA
    • ANOREXIA
    • PARESIS
    • STROKE
    • MENINGITIS
  103. TEST IDENTIFYING SYPHILIS
    VDRL
  104. RETEST FOR SYPHILIS WHEN
    • 3 MONTHS
    • 6MONTHS
    • 12 MONTHS
    • 24 "
  105. ANTIBIOTIC TX FOR SYPHILIS
    PCN AND VIBRAMYCIN (DOXYCYCLINE)
  106. GONNORHEA ANTIBIOTICS
    ROCEPHIN AND VIBRAMYCIN (DOXY)
  107. BACTERIUM THAT REPLICATES LIKE A VIRUS AND IS STD
    CHLAMYDIA
  108. SYMPTOMS OF CHLAMYDIA
    • CHRONIC PAIN, ECTOPIC PREGNANCY
    • POST PARTUM ENDOMETRITIS, INFERTILITY
  109. HOW IS CHLAMYDIA IDENTIFIED
    CELL CULTURE AND IMMUNOLOGIC ASSAYS
  110. TREATMENT FOR CHLAMYDIA
    ZITHROMAX OR VIBRAMYCIN (DOXY)
  111. IMMEDIATE POST OP CARE FOR SKIN GRAFT
    BULK OCCLUSIVE DRESSING
  112. HEMATOPOIETIC RADIATION WOULD MOST LIKELY PRODUCE WITH SYMPTOMS
    THROBOCTYTOPENIA
  113. TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME (TSS) IS KNOWN TO SIGNIFICANTLY ALTER WHAT LEVEL
    MAGNESIUM
  114. WHICH SYMPTOM WOULD BE MOST CONSISTENT WITH A DIAGNOSIS OF CHOLELITHIASIS
    US SHOWS STONES IN THE COMMON BILE DUCT
  115. MONONUCLEOSIS IS CAUSED BY WHICH ORGANISM
    EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS
  116. PRIORITY IN PATIENT WITH EXTENSIVE 2ND DEGREE BURNS
    ADEQUATE VENTILATION
  117. OVERWEIGHT PATIENT AT INCREASED RISK AFTER SURGERY. WHY?
    LACK OF ADEQUATE BLOOD SUPPY COMMON IN ADIPOSE TISSUE IMPEDES HEALING PROCESS
  118. POST OP CATARACT CARE
    AVOID EXTREME ACTIVITY AND BEDREST UNTIL MEDICAITON WEARS OFF

    AVOID SNEEZING AND COUGHING

    AVOID LYING ON STOMACH
  119. COKE BABY SX
    IRRITABILITY, RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS, YPERACUSIA, RHINORRHEA
  120. SKIN COLOR FINDING MOST CONSISTENT WITH CO POISONING
    CHERRY RED MUCOUS MEMBRANES AND SKIN UNDERTONES
  121. MED KNOWN TO CAUSE YELLOW VISION
    LANOXIN
  122. DIET FOR PROBENECID AND CHOLCHINE
    ALKALINE ASH
  123. FINDING TO BE REPORTED IMMEDIATELY AFTER CHOLEYCYSTECTOMY
    LEAKAGE AROUND THE TUBE
  124. DIAGNOSTIC TEST MOST LIKELY TO SUPPORT THE FINDING OF CHRONS
    BIOPSY
  125. WHY GIVE UTI PATIENT PYRIDIUM (PHENAZOPYRIDINE)
    MINIMIZE PAIN OF BLADDER SPASM
  126. MYASTHENIA GRAVIS SX CAUSED BY
    INADEQUATE ACETYLCHOLINE RELEASE

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