A and P CH 1

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Author:
tjtolman
ID:
250513
Filename:
A and P CH 1
Updated:
2013-12-04 16:14:36
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bio
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A and P
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  1. Cytology:
    Histology:
    Renal Physiology:
    • Cytology: 'cells'
    • Histology: 'Tissues'
    • Renal Physiology: 'Kidney'
  2. Structural Organization:
    1. chemical
    2. cellular
    3. tissue
    4. organ
    5. organ system
    6. organism level
    • Structural Organization:
    • 1. chemical: atoms, molecules
    • 2. cellular: cells
    • 3. tissue: groups of similar cells w common function
    • 4. organ: 2 types of tissues, specific function
    • 5. organ system: organs that work together
    • 6. organism level: organism
  3. Necessary for Life Function:
    • maintain boundaries
    • movement
    • responsiveness / irritability
    • digestion
    • metabolism
    • excretion
    • reproduction
    • growth
  4. Regional Terms General:
    Head, neck trunk:
    Appendages, limbs:
    • Head, neck, trunk: Axial
    • Appendages, limbs: Appendicular
  5. Regional Terms Specific:
    Forehead:
    Head:
    Eye:
    Nose:
    Ear:
    Cheek:
    • Forehead: frontal
    • Head: cephalic
    • Eye: orbital
    • Nose: nasal
    • Ear: otic
    • Cheek: buccal
  6. Regional Terms Specific:
    Chin:
    Back of head:
    Neck:
    point of shoulder:
    breastbone:
    Shoulder blade:
    • Chin: mental
    • Back of head: occipital
    • Neck: cervical
    • point of shoulder: acromial
    • breastbone: sternal
    • Shoulder blade: scapular
  7. Regional Terms Specific:
    Chest:
    Armpit:
    Arm:
    Back of Elbow:
    Front of Elbow:
    Forearm:
    • Chest: thoracic
    • Armpit: axillary
    • Arm: brachial
    • Back of Elbow: olecranal
    • Front of Elbow: front of elbow
    • Forearm: antebrachial
  8. Regional Terms Specific:
    wrist:
    hand:
    thumb:
    palm:
    fingers:
    • wrist: carpal
    • hand: manus
    • thumb: pollex
    • palm: palmar
    • fingers: digital
  9. Regional Terms Specific:
    btwn hips:
    btwn anus/genitalia:
    hips:
    groin:
    buttock:
    thigh:
    anterior knee:
    back of knee:
    • btwn hips: sacral
    • btwn anus/genitalia: perineal
    • hips: coxal
    • groin: inguinal
    • buttock: gluteal
    • thigh: femoral
    • anterior knee: patellar
    • back of knee: popliteal
  10. Regional Terms Specific:
    Leg:
    Side of leg:
    calf:
    foot:
    ankle:
    toes:
    big toe:
    heel:
    sole:
    • Leg: crural
    • Side of leg: fibular/peroneal
    • calf: sural
    • foot: pedal
    • ankle: tarsal
    • toes: digital
    • big toe: hallux
    • heel: calcaneal
    • sole: plantar
  11. "Survival Needs"
    Nutrients:
    O2:
    H20:
    Normal Body Temp:
    • Nutrients: fats/prot/carbs
    • O2: 20% of air
    • H20: 60-80% of body weight
    • Normal Body Temp: 37c 98f
  12. Homeostasis- control mechanisms:
    1. receptor
    2. control center
    3. effector
    • 1. receptor: sensor to stimuli
    • 2. control center: along 'afferent pathway'
    • 3. effector: response 'efferent pathway'
    • Results: feedback
  13. - Feedback:
    + Feedback:
    • - Feedback: output shuts off original stimulus
    • + Feedback: enhances original stimulus 'cascades'
  14. Anatomical Planes:
    Left and Right:
    Anterior / Posterior:
    Superior / Inferior:
    • Left and Right: Saggital plane
    • -median plane (midsagittal plane)
    • -parasaggital plane
    • Anterior / Posterior: Frontal plane
    • -coronal plane
    • Superior / Inferior: Transverse / Horizontal Plane
    • -cross section
  15. Body Cavities / Membranes within Axial Portion:
    1. Dorsal Body Cavity:
    2. Ventral Body Cavity:
    • 1. Dorsal Body Cavity: (CNS)
    •     1. cranial cavity- brain
    •     2. vertebral/spinal cavity -spinal cord
    • 2. Ventral Body Cavity:
    •     1. thoracic
    •     2. abdominopelvic cavity
    • Internal organs: viscera/visceral organs
  16. Thoracic:
    Abdominopelvic Cavity:
    • Thoracic: ribs and muscles of chest
    • -pleural cavities=lungs
    • -medial mediastiuum - pericardial cavity (heart)
    • Abdominopelvic Cavity: abdomen / pelvic
  17. Membranes in ventral body cavity:
    walls / outer surface:
    Membrane lining:
    • walls / outer surface: "serosa" serous membrane
    • Membrane lining: parietal serosa = folds into visceral serosa.
  18. ________I_________I_________


    ________I_________I_________

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