Musculoskeletal Scorebuilders

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Author:
aalonso8
ID:
250534
Filename:
Musculoskeletal Scorebuilders
Updated:
2013-12-03 18:31:54
Tags:
Liscensure prep
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Description:
Musculoskeletal
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The flashcards below were created by user aalonso8 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What muscle does shoulder flexion?
    Coracobrachialis
  2. What muscle does shoulder extension?
    Latissimus Dorsi
  3. What muscle does shoulder ER?
    Teres minor
  4. What muscle does shoulder IR?
    Teres major
  5. What muscle does elbow flexion?
    Brachioradialis
  6. What muscle does elbow extension?
    Aconeus
  7. What muscle does wrist flexion?
    Palmaris longus
  8. What muscle does wrist extension?
    Extensor carpi ulnaris
  9. What muscle does wrist radial deviation?
    Flexor carpi radialis
  10. What muscle does hip flexion?
    Iliopsoas
  11. What muscle does hip adduction?
    Gracilis
  12. What muscle does hip ER?
    Piriformis
  13. What muscle does hip IR?
    Gluteus medius
  14. What muscle does knee flexion?
    Biceps femoris
  15. What muscle does knee extension?
    Vastus medialis
  16. What muscle does ankle DF?
    Extensor hallucis longus
  17. What muscle does ankle IV?
    Tibialis posterior
  18. What muscle does ankle EV?
    Peroneus longus
  19. The subject does NOT complete ROM in a gravity-eliminated position. This would be considered...
    Poor-
  20. The subject's muscle contraction can be palpated, but there is NO joint movement. This would be considered...
    Trace
  21. The subject does not complete the ROM against gravity, but does complete MORE THAN HALF of the range. This would be considered...
    Fair-
  22. The subject completes ROM against gravity with MAXIMAL resistance. This would be considered...
    Normal
  23. The subject completes ROM against gravity with MINIMAL-MODERATE resistance. This would be considered...
    Good-
  24. The subject completes ROM with gravity eliminated. This would be considered...
    Poor
  25. The subject completes ROM against gravity with only MINIMAL resistance. This would be considered...
    Fair+
  26. The subject completes ROM against gravity with MODERATE resistance. This would be considered...
    Good
  27. The instant the heel touches the ground to begin stance phase.

    When does this happen?
    • Heel strike
    • 1st
  28. The point in which only the toe of the stance limb remains on the ground.

    When does this happen?
    Toe off

    5th
  29. The point when the swing limb is directly under the body.

    When does this happen?
    Midswing

    7th
  30. The point in which the entire foot makes contact with the ground. 

    When does this happen?
    Foot flat

    2nd
  31. Begins when toe off is complete and the reference limb swings until positioned directly under the body.

    When does this happen?
    Acceleration

    6th
  32. The point in which the heel of the stance limb leaves the ground.

    When does this happen?
    Heel off

    4th
  33. The point during the stance phase when the entire body weight is directly over the stance limb. 

    When does this happen?
    Midstance

    3rd
  34. Begins directly after mid-swing as the swing limb begins to extend and ends just prior to heel strike.

    When does this happen?
    Deceleration

    8th
  35. A gait pattern in which the feet and toes are lifted through the hip and knee flexion to excessive heights
    Steppage
  36. A gait pattern characterized by the legs crossing midline upon advancement
    Scissor
  37. A gait pattern characterized by a circular motion to advance the leg during swing phase
    Circumduction
  38. A protective gait pattern where the involved step length is decreased in order to avoid weight bearing on the involved side
    Antalgic
  39. A gait pattern where the swing leg advances through a combination of elevation of the pelvis and PF of the stance leg
    Vaulting
  40. A gait pattern characterized by excessive lateral trunk flexion and weight shifting over the stance leg due to gluteus medius weakness
    Trendelenburg
  41. A gait pattern marked by quick and small steps with increased forward flexion of the trunk and knees
    Parkinsonian
  42. A high stepping ataxic gait pattern in which the feet slap the ground
    Tabetic
  43. Where is the axis placed for shoulder flexion?
    Acromion process
  44. If the axis is at the olecranon process and your measuring the shoulder joint, what 2 motions are you measuring?
    IR and ER
  45. If your axis is placed lateral to the ulnar styloid process and the motion is pronation, what joint are you measuring?
    Forearm
  46. For wrist radial deviation, where is the axis placed?
    Over the middle of the dorsal aspect of the wrist over the capitate
  47. If the axis is placed at the anterior aspect of the patella for the hip, what 2 motions are you measuring?
    IR and ER
  48. If your axis is placed at the lateral aspect of the lateral malleolus of the ankle, what 2 motions are you measuring?
    DF and PF
  49. If the axis is placed at the posterior aspect of the ankle midway between the malleoli, what 2 motions and joint are you measuring?
    • Subtalar joint
    • Inversion and Eversion
  50. Concave or convex?
    Acetablulum
    Concave
  51. Concave or convex?
    Carpals
    Convex
  52. Concave or convex?
    Femur
    Convex
  53. Concave or convex?
    Fibula
    Concave
  54. Concave or convex?
    Glenoid
    Concave
  55. Concave or convex?
    Humerus
    Convex
  56. Concave or convex?
    Radius
    Concave
  57. Concave or convex?
    Talus
    Convex
  58. Concave or convex?
    Tibia
    Concave
  59. An end feel classified as empty is always considered abnormal due to
    the presence of pain
  60. The loose packed position of the hip is..
    30 degrees flex, 30 degrees abduction, and slight ER
  61. Step length refers to...
    the distance measured between right heel strike and left heel strike
  62. Pre-swing is a component of stance phase.

    What are the components of swing phase?
    Initial swing, midswing, and terminal swing
  63. Normal elbow flexion is
    0-150 degrees
  64. The tensor fasciae latae and gluteus medius function as IR of the hip. The ____ functions as a ER of the hip
    piriformis
  65. The capsular pattern of the glenohumeral joint is...
    ER, abduction, and IR
  66. Peak activity of the tibialis anterior occurs during the gait cycle just after..
    heel strike
  67. Muscle testing of the lower trapezius, rhomboids, and latissimus dorsi occurs with the patient positioned in..
    prone
  68. 60% of the gait cycle occurs in the ____ phase
    stance

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