Heart

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Author:
PopeJim
ID:
250536
Filename:
Heart
Updated:
2013-12-03 23:33:19
Tags:
Heart exam phlebotomy
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Heart,exam,phlebotomy
Description:
Heart exam, phlebotomy
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  1. The heart is what
    a hollow muscular organ
  2. The heart lies in the thoracic cavity or...
    the mediastinum
  3. The protective sac
    pericardium
  4. The bottom is....
    the apex @ the 5th ICS
  5. The top is....
    the base @ the 3rd ICS
  6. What is just above the diaphram
    the apex
  7. What "shape" is the heart or body part
    cone or a man's fist
  8. Liters of blood in an adult body
    5
  9. The heart is __ p's and __ c's
    2-sided pump and 4 chambers
  10. Heart's base chambers are called __
    atriums
  11. Heart's apex chambers are called __
    ventricles
  12. What is the IAS
    the intra-atrial septum separates the atriums
  13. What is the IVS
    the intra-ventricular septum separates the ventricles
  14. Who has thicker walls
    ventricles
  15. Who pumps away from the heart
    ventricles
  16. Who receives blood
    atriums
  17. ___ circulation
    systemic
  18. NHA's heart location (3)
    • 4-8 ICS
    • lower left side
    • slightly off center
  19. What is left of the midline
    2/3rds of the heart
  20. 3 layers of the pericardium
    • epicardium, outer layer protects & lubes
    • myocardium, thick middle gives ability to contract
    • endocardium, smooth inner surface which forms the valves
  21. ___ is a smooth inner surface forming ___
    • endocardium
    • valves
  22. The right side of the heart is ____ _____ and pumps ____ _____ to ____
    • low pressure
    • venous blood
    • lungs
  23. The left side of the heart is ____ _____ and pumps ____ _____ to the ____ ______
    • high pressure
    • arterial blood
    • systemic circulation
  24. The ___ are ___ walled chambers that ____ blood
    • atria (r/l atrium)
    • thin
    • receive
  25. The ___ atrium, receives ___ blood from 3 sources
    • right
    • deoxygenated or oxygen deprived
    • the superior vena cava (upper)
    • the inferior vena cava (lower)
    • coronary sinus (intracardiac circulation)
  26. The ___ atrium, receives ___ blood from ___ via 2 sources
    • left
    • oxygenated or oxygen rich
    • lungs
    • r/l pulmonary veins
  27. Whose walls are large and thick
    ventricles
  28. The ___ ventricle is ____ pressure, receives ___ blood from ___ ___, and pumps it via arteries to ____
    • right
    • low
    • deoxygenated
    • right atrium
    • lungs
  29. The ___ ventricle is ____ pressure, receives ___ blood from ___ ___, and pumps it via the aorta to the ____ _____
    • left
    • high
    • oxygenated
    • left atrium
    • systemic circulation
  30. Which ventricle is 3 x's thicker
    left
  31. ___ valves, form what two groups, and allow flow only ____ direction
    • 4
    • atrio-ventricular
    • semi-lunar
    • 1
  32. ___ valve has 2 flaps, all the others have ____ flaps
    • bicuspid/mitral
    • 3
  33. Special filaments called ____ ____, prevent _____ of _____ in only which two valves.
    • chordae tendineae
    • regurgitation of blood
    • tricuspid
    • bicuspid/mitral
  34. Special filaments called ____ ____, are dense ____ _____ which attach to ____ muscles in the ______
    • chordae tendineae
    • connective tissue
    • papillary
    • ventricles
  35. Which valve is b/t the right A&V
    tricuspid
  36. Which valve is b/t the left A&V
    bicuspid/mitral
  37. Semi-lunar or ____-____ cusps
    moon-shaped
  38. The 2 moon-shaped valves are
    • pulmonic
    • aortic
  39. The ____ valve is b/t the ____ ventricle and the _____ artery
    • pulmonic
    • right
    • pulmonary
  40. The ____ valve is b/t the ____ ventricle and the arch of the _____
    • aortic
    • left
    • aorta
  41. right ventricle pumps _____ blood
    deoxygenated
  42. left ventricle pumps _____ blood
    oxygenated
  43. _____ carry ____ blood away from the heart and help control _____ ______
    • arteries
    • oxygenated
    • blood pressure
  44. three layers of arteries and veins are tunic ____, _____, and ______
    • intima
    • media
    • adventitia
  45. Tunic i____ is the I.S.D. layer
    • intima
    • innermost
    • smooth
    • direct contact w/ blood
  46. Tunic m____ is the M.T.C.D. layer
    • media
    • muscular
    • thick
    • contracting
    • dilating
  47. Tunic a____ is the O.P.S. layer
    • adventitia
    • outer
    • protective
    • supportive
  48. Tunic i____ consists of ______ and ____ _____
    • intima
    • endothelium
    • elastic tissue
  49. Coronary ____ arise from the arch of the _____ and carry ______ blood to the _______
    • arteries
    • aorta
    • oxygenated 
    • myocardium
  50. Coronary ____ (aka great ____ ____) is a short trunk and carries ______ blood from the _______ into the ____ _____.
    • sinus
    • cardiac vein
    • deoxygenated
    • myocardium
    • right atrium
  51. ____ begin where _____ end.  They carry ____ ____ back to the _____.
    • veins
    • arteries
    • deoxygenated blood
    • heart
  52. Veins branch into smaller _____, operate under ___ ____, are ___ ____, and contain ____ valves.
    • venules
    • low pressure
    • thin walled
    • 1-way
  53. _____ begin at the end of the smallest arteries the _____ and are the ______ _____ vessels.  They are so ____ that ____ must pass ____ _____ inorder to get thru.
    • capillaries
    • arterioles
    • tiniest blood
    • thin
    • RBC
    • single file
  54. _____ connect to _____ which carry O2 to ______ which are the considered the "_____" to _______ which carry COvia ______ back to the ______
    • arteries
    • arterioles
    • capillaries
    • connectors
    • venules
    • veins
    • heart
  55. 3 venipuncture veins of the arm
    • Median cubital 
    • Cephalic
    • Basilic
  56. Most common venipuncture vein
    Median cubital
  57. Most common for an obese patient
    Cephalic
  58. Venipuncture veins on the hand
    the Dorsal Metacarpal plexus veins which are off the Dorsal venous arch
  59. If a person is allergic to Betadine/iodine use what
    chlorhexidine
  60. waste is the total _____, of ____, ____, and ____ which is carried to the _____ and _____ for _______ via the veins of the circulatory system
    • breakdown
    • food
    • energy
    • O2
    • lungs
    • kidneys
    • excretion
  61. Veins carry deoxygenated ____/______ to the ______ of the ______ in the _______
    • RBC/erythrocytes
    • capillaries
    • alveoli
    • lungs
  62. Systole is the ______/______ of blood _____ into ______ ________
    • contraction/pumping
    • out
    • systemic circulation
  63. Diastole is the ______ of blood into the ____ from the _____ and ________
    • receiving
    • heart
    • body
    • lungs
  64. Blood pressure is _____/______
    • systole
    • diastole
  65. Normal blood pressure is ___/____
    • 120
    • 80
  66. Both _____ and _____ represent one _____ cycle.
    • systole
    • diastole
    • cardiac
  67. A change in blood pressure can be 3 things
    • loss of blood
    • abnormally dilated blood vessels
    • AV or SL valve disorder
  68. Systole measures _____ when the ____ is _____ and is the ____ number
    • pressure
    • heart
    • contracting
    • 1st
  69. Diastolic measures _____ when the ____ is _____ between _____ and is the ____ number
    • pressure
    • heart
    • resting
    • heartbeats
    • 2nd
  70. High blood pressure or ______ may mean the patient will be a _____ because of _____ _____ meds
    • hypertension
    • bleeder
    • blood thinning

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