Broad frameworks or grids that racial groups use to make sense of the world.
What is terminology of race?
labels applied to connotate a sense of race.
1. most people don't notice racism anymore 2. racial parity for the most part has been achieved 3. any persistent patterns of racial inequality are the result of individual and/or group level short comings 3. most people don't care about racial differences 5. no need for institutional remedies. these are the the aspects of:
What is abstract liberalism?
individual rights and the free market are used to argue against policy remedies for collective inequalities.
residential and other forms of segregation are explained by people's natural drive to live with their own kind.
cultural deviance and backwardness to minorities.
minimization of racism
downplaying racism and racist acts. arguing it's in the past and saying groups are too sensitive
what is institutionalized racism?
the collective failure of an organization to provide appropriate and professional service to people because of their color.
what are the four identity statuses?
diffuse, foreclosed, moratorium, achieved.
What does it mean to be token or the "O"?
what is a recurring element and the core to every racist and racist groups angst?
"a white man's country"
began in old south. reemerged and placed into political dialogue.
Militant white racists are composed of:
people who feel the nation is in crisis. Economic, loss of government control to jews/zionists. swelling non white populations.
Milgram study showed that
americans behaved more obediently than anyone else in the world.
What is an agentic state?
people being more susceptible to commands and suggestions. those of live in an authority system.
What is mediated violence?
authorities pass down orders to subordinates who carry them out.
What did the creating nazi experiment reveal?
revealed how fast people conform to extremists positions.
What is a moral compass?
moral standards or norms adopted by people in normal upbringings. become internalized codes of personal conduct.
What is the Lucifer effect?
what individuals bring to any setting, focus on what situational forces extracts from the actors, and how system forces create and maintain situations.
stigmatizes 'other' into a category of spoiled identity.
what are the four mechanisms of moral disengagement?
Redefining harmful behavior as honorable
minimzing a direct link by our action to its harmful outcome
ignore the way we think about any harm we've done
blaming them for the consequences of their punishment.
what are identity contingencies?
things people have to deal with in a situation because they have a given social identity
what do applied stereotypes mean?
overcoming discrimination is inherent because whites don't have to think about it.
what are stereotypes?
distortions, imperfect history, etc assumptions based on limited info.
people tend to agree with stereotypes good or bad so identities could be applied.
what was the Jensen report?
studies correlating IQ and race. found that whites scored higher on average than blacks and that it was hereditary.
many viewed _________ was an attack on the project head start initiative geared toward improving intelligence in youths.
what was the premise of the Jensen report?
that programs such as headstart were wastes of time and money.
what did Cyril Burt focus his studies on?
relationship between social class and IQ. studied twins to correlate heredity.
how does spearman define Intelligence?
ability to deduce relations and correlations
how does thorndike define intelligence?
power to make good responses from standpoint of truth and fact.
how does terman define intelligence?
ability to think in abstract terms.
what was the flaw of the jensen report?
no two populations live in the same environment
what two variables does heritability deal with?
genetic and environmental
what is affirmative action?
intended to advance economic and educational achievement in groups who have had the msot severe and consistent victimization.
the objective to "guarantee not simply equality of opportunity but also equality of result" is the objective of
what is equity
something that is just, impartial, and fair.
Gratz v Bollinger
sought to overturn university admission standards and blamed quota system for white exclusion.
Grutter vs Bollinger
landmark decision that gave all universities the right to uphold affirmative action in student admissions.
"Money whitens" is a nineteenth century saying from
author, intellectual, and social scientist said white men had access to a sexual license that made whitening acceptable.
who said that cross breeding was a good thing?
the intermingling of white, black, and indian made what meta race?
What was the shift that freyre predicted?
browning as opposed to whitening.
in the Brazilian absence of race most of the lower class are