Term 1 End Term Hesi 6

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befreshbaby
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25061
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Term 1 End Term Hesi 6
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2010-06-28 00:54:01
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Term End Hesi
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Term 1 End term hesi 6
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  1. Where in the body do you find mucous membranes that secrete fluids?
    • - Genitourny tract - most secretion
    • - Gastrointestinal Tract
  2. Where does chemical digestion occur (what organs of the body?)
    Stomach and Small intestines
  3. What is BMI? - Body mass index
    • o What does a high or low BMI indicate?
    • - Low: malnutrition
    • -High: obesity
  4. What is the relationship between albumin and nutrition (malnutrition)?
    Low albumin = malnutrition
  5. NPO - nothing by mouth
    • - no diet
    • - surgery, upper respiration, resection of colon
  6. CL - clear liquid diet
    • - No residue
    • - Post Operation, severe diarrhea
  7. Full liquid -
    Transition diet after a clear liquid diet, more nutritionally complete than clear liquid, still lacking iron, zinc and fiber
  8. Soft -
    intermediate diet when a patient is progressing from pureed to regular
  9. Pureed-
    regular diet in a blender
  10. Low sodium
    • - hypertension, water retention and edema
    • -congestive heart failure
  11. High protein
    • - protein shake, meat, cheese
    • - build and repair tissue
    • - severe burn, surgery
  12. Low cholesterol (difference between LDL and HDL, how do you lower or raise either one of those?
    • HDL- Good , LDL- Bad
    • o Low or no tyramine
    • - Tyramine occurs widely in plant and animals, metabolize monoamine oxidase
    • - Produced by decarboxylation of the tyrosine during fermentation
    • - Intermediate product in the conversion of tyrosine to epinephrine
    • - Tyramine is found in most cheeses and in beer, broad bean, pods yeast wine and chicken liver
    • -CAUTION: When persons taking certain monoamine oxidase inhibitors ear there foods, they may experience severe hypertension, headache, palpitation, neck pain, and perhaps intracranial hemorrhage
  13. Weight reduction -
    reduce fats, carbs
  14. ADA-
    American Diabetic Association
  15. Complete proteins -
    contains all 9 essential amino acid in sufficient quantity and ratio
  16. High calcium -
    Repair of bone damage and injuries
  17. High potassium -
    may help in blood pressure control , patient taking diuretic, esp non- retaining K+
  18. Low residue -
    similar to soft diet, without milk and milk products
  19. Vitamin K (what are signs of low Vit K?) -
    Hemorrhage, Increase prothrombin (plasma protein coagulation factor synthesized by the liver)
  20. Vitamin A (what are signs oflow Vit A?) -
    night blindness, bad vision, increased infection
  21. Vitamin B (what are signs oflow Vit B?)-
    cracking on the sides of the lips
  22. Low calcium (what are the signs of low calcium?) -
    osteoporosis, weak or more porous bone, stunted growth in children
  23. Vegetarian -
    diet made up of mainly plant food
  24. Lacto-ovo-vegatarian -
    fruits vegetables, milk and dairy products
  25. Fish oils (what happens if you take too many?) -
    bleeding
  26. What is the LVN scope of practice (what are you allowed to do and not allowed to do) with new admissions or new transfers from facility to facility?
    Can do vital signs, health history, and med list
  27. What is the LVN scope of practice (what are you allowed to do and not allowed to do) for discharging a patient? Discharge education?
    can assist in packing up and education and discharge of patient with RN
  28. What is an LVN scope of practice in assisting an RN with an initial assessment, whether at a clinic, hospital or home health environment?
    • (List the tasks the LVN may do).
    • Can do vital signs, health history, and med list
  29. Are LVN's allowed to perform an initial assessment on a patient transferred from surgery (post-op pt)?
    LVN’s are not allowed to perform initial assessment on a patient transferred from surgery
  30. What are the interventions and rationale for those interventions, for a client who is bedridden, related to:
    • o Nutrition- protein and water ; promote healing
    • o Activity - turn every 2 hours, keep dry, ROM - prevent skin impairment
    • o Level of consciousness - assess confusion and environment
    • o Fluids/electrolytes - calcium for hypocalcemia and edema
  31. What do you do following a bath with an elderly patient for skin integrity? (2 things)
    - Dry and moisturize
  32. What happens anatomically as an adult ages in relation to the weight ofthe body?
    • - Upper torso gets heavier
    • - butt gets smaller
    • - Risk for fall
  33. What are all of the elements on a prescription? What if an LVN takes an order and an element is missing?
    • -Parts of a prescription
    • 1.) The physician’s name, address, telephone number, and registration number
    • 2.) the clients name , address and the date on which the prescription is written
    • 3.) the superscription that includes the symbol Rx
    • 4.) The inscription that includes the names and quantities of ingredients to be included in medication
    • 5.) The subscription that gives directions to the pharmacist for filling the prescription
  34. What is the nurse's role if a client refuses medication? What do you say to the client? How do you document?
    Ask why, and document refusal

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