Charadriiformes II

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Author:
lndsyfree
ID:
250721
Filename:
Charadriiformes II
Updated:
2013-12-04 15:15:06
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wfcb wfc111l
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Description:
Some Passeriformes + Charadriiformes II
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    • Evening Grosbeak
    • Order: Passeriformes
    • Family: Fringillidae
    • --
    • Male: dark head w/ yellow supercilium, scapulars, rump, and underparts
    • Female: mostly greyish-brown w/ white spots on upper tail coverts, white undertail coverts, and additional white patch at base of primaries
    • --
    • Habitat: Coniferous forests
    • Evening Grosbeak (female)
    • Order: Passeriformes
    • Family: Fringillidae
    • --
    • Male: dark head w/ yellow supercilium, scapulars, rump, and underparts
    • Female: mostly greyish-brown w/ white spots on upper tail coverts, white undertail coverts, and additional white patch at base of primaries--Habitat: Coniferous forests
  1. *
    • House Sparrow
    • Order: Passeriformes
    • Family: Passeridae
    • --
    • Males: grey crown w/ chestnut border & nape and yellowish bill; in alt. plumage, a white cheek, black bill and breast
    • --
    • Habitat: Ag, suburban, and urban human-modified environments
    • Nutmeg Mannikin
    • Order: Passeriformes
    • Family: Estrildidae
    • --
    • Habitat: Ag, suburban environments, weedy grasslands
    • Pomarine Jaeger
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Stercorariidae
    • --
    • Dark brown upperparts, black cap, white underparts and collar w/ yellow tint on sides of neck, broad breast band
    • --
    • Habitat: Pelagic ocean waters
    • Common Murre (alt)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Head and neck entirely dark brown
    • White underparts
    • Long, straight, pointed, black bill
    • Secondaries tipped white
    • --
    • Habitat: Pelagic ocean waters and offshore islands
    • Common Murre (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Chin, throat, and cheeks white
    • Blackish-brown upperparts
    • Secondaries tipped white
    • Long, straight, pointed, black bill
    • --
    • Habitat: Pelagic ocean waters and offshore islands
    • Pigeon Guillemot (alt.)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • White upper wing patch w/ dusky grey underwing
    • Long, pointed, black bill w/ inside red
    • Bright red, long legs
    • Alt: Blackish-brown overall
    • --
    • Habitat: Rocky coastlines, coastal cliffs, mainland and offshore islands
    • Pigeon Guillemot (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • White upper wing patch w/ dusky grey underwing
    • Long, pointed, black bill w/ inside red
    • Bright red, long legs
    • Basic: Grayish upperparts, w/ white underparts
    • --
    • Habitat: Rocky coastlines and coastal cliffs, mainland and offshore islands
    • Marbled Murrelet (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Basic: bluish-black upperparts w/ white scapulars; mostly white underparts, sides of head, and partial collar
    • --
    • Habitat: Nests in coastal coniferous forests, forages in bays and inshore ocean waters
    • *CA/FED Endangered/Threatened
    • Marbled Murrelet (alt.)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Alt: brownish-black upperparts w/ rust scapulars; underparts lightly mottled brown
    • --
    • Habitat: Nests in coastal coniferous forests, and forages in bays and inland ocean waters
    • *CA/FED Endangered/Threatened
    • Scripps's Murrelet
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Black to bluish upperparts, w/ white underparts
    • Small white wedge in front of eye
    • All white below gape
    • Flanks mottled grey and white
    • Underwing pure white
    • "Penguin" look
    • --
    • Habitat: Nests on cliffs of offshore islands, forages in pelagic ocean waters
    • *CA Threatened
    • Cassin's Auklet
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Dark grey upperparts, fading to pale grey underparts & whitish belly
    • Whitish iris w/ small white crescents above and below eye
    • Pale base of lower mandible
    • --
    • Habitat: nests on offshore islands, forages in pelagic ocean waters
    • Rhinoceros Auklet
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Upperparts dark sooty brown blending w/ lighter grey-brown underparts and whitish belly
    • Alt: Large orange bill w/ pale yellow horn, 2 narrow white plumes extend from just above the eye and from bill
    • Basic: yellowish-brown bill
    • --
    • Habitat: offshore islands and usually pelagic ocean waters
    • Tufted Puffin
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Brownish-black overall
    • Large orange bill and feet
    • Alt: White face mask w/ long golden plumes
    • --
    • Habitat: Pelagic ocean waters
    • Tufted Puffin
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Alcidae
    • --
    • Brownish-black overall
    • Large orange bill and feet
    • Alt: White face mask w/ long golden plumes
    • --
    • Habitat: Pelagic ocean waters
    • Bonaparte's Gull (alt.)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring
    • Outer primaries white w/ black tips
    • Dark iris, dark orbital ring
    • Thin black bill
    • Orange-red legs
    • Alt: black head, white eye crescents
    • --
    • Habitat: Bays, estuaries, lakes, and rivers
    • One of the smallest gulls
    • Bonaparte's Gull (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring
    • Outer primaries white w/ black tips
    • Dark iris, dark orbital ring
    • Thin black bill
    • Orange-red legs
    • White head
    • Dark ear spot behind eye
    • Grey hindneck
    • --
    • Habitat: Bays, estuaries, lakes, and rivers
    • One of the smallest goals in N.A.
    • Heermann's Gull (alt.)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Wingtips black, blending into dark body
    • Dark iris w/ red orbital ring
    • Red bill w/ black tip
    • Black legs
    • Black tail w/ white tips
    • --
    • Habitat: Offshore ocean waters, rocky shorelines, bays, and estuaries
    • Mew Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Primaries tipped black, w/ large white spots
    • Dark iris w/ red orbital ring
    • Short, thin yellow to greenish-yellow bill
    • Yellow legs
    • Basic: grayish-brown mottling on neck
    • --
    • Habitat: Estuaries, beaches, mudflats, rivers, lakes, garbage dumps
    • Ring-billed Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Broad black ring on yellow bill
    • Light iris w/ orange-red orbital ring
    • Sharply contrasting black wing tips, w/ small white spot
    • --
    • Habitat: beaches, parking lots, garbage dumps
    • Western Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Yellow iris w/ yellow-orange orbital ring
    • Yellow bill w/ red spot
    • Pink legs
    • --
    • Habitat: Offshore, islands, beaches, bays, estuaries, garbage dumps
  2. *
    • California Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Dark iris, red orbital ring
    • Yellow bill w/ red and black marks
    • Yellow legs
    • --
    • Habitat: Lakes, rivers, estuaries, mudflats, and inshore ocean waters
    • Herring Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Lanidae
    • --
    • Yellow iris w/ yellow-orange orbital ring
    • Yellow bill w/ red spot
    • Pink legs
    • --
    • Habitat: Lakes, coastal bays, estuaries, and garbage dumps
    • Thayer's Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Dark iris w/ reddish-purple orbital ring
    • Yellow bill w/ red spot
    • Pink legs
    • --
    • Habitat: Beaches, estuaries, bays, and garbage dumps
    • Glaucous-winged Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gray wingtips w/ white subterminal spots
    • Dark iris w/ pink to purple orbital ring
    • Yellow bill w/ red spot
    • Pink legs
    • --
    • Habitat: Bays, estuaries, beaches, mudflats, and garbage dumps
    • Glaucous Gull
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Wingtips unmarked and white
    • Yellow iris w/ yellow to orange orbital ring
    • Yellow bill w/ red spot
    • Pink legs
    • --
    • Habitat: coasts, lakes, ag fields, and garbage dumps
    • Least Tern (alt)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring w/ two black outer primaries
    • Alt: black cap and loral stripe, w/ white forehead; bill yellow or orange w/ dark tip
    • --
    • Habitat: Sandy beaches, mudflats, estuaries, bays, and rivers
    • * Fed./CA Endangered
    • Least Tern (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring w/ two black outer primaries
    • Basic: Dark nape, crown, and eyestripe, w/ white flecking; black bill
    • --
    • Habitat: Sandy beaches, mudflats, estuaries, bays, and rivers
    • * Fed./CA Endangered
    • Black Tern (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Dark grey upperparts, white head and underparts, and black crown
    • Bill and legs dark
    • --
    • Habitat: Freshwater marshes and ag fields
    • Black Tern (alt)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Dark grey upperparts, white head and underparts, and black crown
    • Bill and legs dark
    • Alt: head, breast, and belly black; white vent
    • --

    Habitat: Freshwater marshes and ag fields
  3. *
    • Caspian Tern (alt)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Upperparts pale grey w/ white underparts, rump, and tail
    • Black cap extends below eye and ends in slight crest
    • Underside of primaries dark grey or blackish patch
    • Dark red bill w/ dusky tip
    • Alt: cap all black
    • --
    • Habitats: Estuaries, salt marshes, rivers, lakes
    • Largest tern in world
  4. *
    • Caspian Tern (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Upperparts pale grey w/ white underparts, rump, and tail
    • Black cap extends below eye and ends in slight crest
    • Underside of primaries dark grey or blackish patch
    • Dark red bill w/ dusky tip
    • Basic: cap mottled w/ brown and white
    • --
    • Habitats: Estuaries, salt marshes, rivers, lakes
    • Largest tern in world
    • Forster's Tern (alt)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring
    • Alt: black cap extends just to eye and over forehead, bill orange w/ black tip
    • --
    • Habitat: fresh, brackish, and saltwater marshes
    • Forster's Tern (basic)
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring
    • Basic: black eyepatches, white forehead, black bill
    • --
    • Habitat: fresh, brackish, and saltwater marshes
    • Royal Tern
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring
    • Underparts white, often tinged w/ pink
    • Black cap w/ short shaggy crest
    • Heavy, generally orange bill
    • Alt: Black cap extends over entire head
    • --
    • Habitat: Coastal ocean waters, bays, and estuaries
    • Elegant Tern
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Gull coloring
    • Underparts white and often tinged w/ pink
    • Black cap w/ long shaggy crest
    • Long, slender bill, light yellow to reddish-orange; appears decurved
    • Basic: forehead and lores white
    • --
    • Habitat: coastal ocean waters, bays, and estuaries
    • Black Skimmer
    • Order: Charadriiformes
    • Family: Laridae
    • --
    • Blackish upperparts
    • White underparts and tail
    • Two-toned black bill at tip, red at base
    • Bright red-orange feet
    • Basic: nape is white
    • --
    • Habitat: Sandy beaches, estuaries, and salt marshes

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