False, being friendly is an aspect of agreeableness.
What are the basic aspects of agreeabless?
controlling your behavior, having motivation to maintain social relationships, having empathy.
High agreeable people are nicer and ____ because _____________?
because....project positivity onto others.
What is the Graziano: self fulfilling prophecy of agreeableness?
Project positivity onto others (expect the best)
Make excuses for others’ shortcomings
Make competitive situations cooperative
What did the "mate poaching" study of agreeableness find?
Agreeable people are less likely to poach and less likely to agree to be poached.
What is the differene between HEXACO agreeableness and HEXACO Honesty - humility?
A: forgiving and tolerant of others
H: fair and genuine in dealing with others
What did the Sauicer study find in regards to the difference between agreeableness and honesty?
Found that Honesty: was following moral rules & norms.
Found that Agreeableness: was being cooperative, even tempered and friendly.
Explain the study of Game Theory Evidence?
People had the opportunity to divide $10 between them and someone else. Honesty –Humility had a medium sized effect in predicting cooperation and non-exploitation but agreeableness did not. So HH gave more money to another person but A did not.
What is the heritability of agreeableness?
We have limited research in this area but ADH-4 gene is linked to A.
Agreeableness if linked to what form of ADH-4 gene?
The variant CC form. Which is leads to less aggression and less substance dependence.
For conscientiousness, what is the Costa& McCrae’s Five Factor Model?
Competence (capable, sensible)
Order (neat, tidy)
Dutifulness (serious, reliable)
Deliberation (vs impulsiveness)
For conscientiousness, what is the Ashton& Lee’s HEXACO Model?
Organization (vs sloppy, haphazard)
Diligence (works hard, takes goals seriously)
Perfectionism (high personal standards, detail oriented)
Prudence (impulse control, think ahead, plan)
For conscientiousness, what is the DeYoung’s Aspects Model?
Industriousness (Work hard, take goals seriously, don’t procrastinate, follow through)
Order (Tidy, organized, perfectionist, detail-focused)
What are the basic aspects of conscientiousness?
Ability to restrain normal impulses, control thoughts, actions, & emotions, delay gratification (short term pain for long term gain)
What big five trait is linked to living longer?
What are low C at age 11 at risk for?
"all cause of mortality"
High blood cholesterol and high blood pressure.
What ist he Terman Study?
What are some health behaviors that Hampson and Friedman found of high conscientiousness people?
Drink less alcohol, less drug use, eat better, less risky sex, take more medical advice.
How do high conscientiousness people do in college?
more likely to get into college
graduate more often and faster
Why do high conscientiousness people do better in college?
set higher goals
high class attendance
do task they don't like
How do high conscientiousness people do in the work world?
make more money
have a job they like
better relationship with boss
Why do high conscientiousness people do better in the work world?
do better in college, which creates opportunities
“pay their dues”
are responsible, serious, and reliable
T or F: High conscientiousness people don't have successful long term relationships?
False they are less likely to get divorced and have higer relationship satisfaction.
What does low conscientiousness strongly predict and what do studies find about this?
They find that low c people can't delay gratification are are implusive which leads to more total arrest of jailed inmates.