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Franklin Delanor Roosevelt and the First New Deal
Roosevelt advocated a balanced federal government. He won the popular vote by 57%. The deal made the AAA. They made the FHA which insured millions of long-term mortgages issued by private banks, They government also built thousands of units of low-rent housing. Roosevelt ratified the 21st amendment which repealed prohibition. The supreme court rules the NRA and the AAA unconstitutional.
AAA, PWA and the CCC
The AAA authorized the federal government to try to raise farm prices by setting production quotas for major crops and paying farmers not to plant more. The government ordered that 6 million pigs be slaughtered in 1933. The AAA succeeded in significantly raising farm prices and incomes, though not all farmers benefited. the benefits went to property owning farmers and not people who simply worked on a farm. It led to the eviction of thousands of poor tenants and sharecroppers. The CCC set unemployed young men to work on projects like forest preservation, flood control and the improvement of national parks. 3 million people had passed through the CCC my 1942. The PWA built roads, schools hospitals and other public facilities.
Dr. Francis Townsend and the Townsend Plan
His plan was for the government to make monthly payments of $200 to older Americans, with the requirement that they spend it immediately. He said it would boost the economy.
Huey Long and the Share Our Wealth Movement
Slogan was, " Every Man a King ". He called for the confiscation of most of the wealth of the richest Americans in order to finance an immediate grant of $5,000 and guaranteed job and annual income for all citizens.
It constructed thousands of public buildings and bides, more than 500,000 miles of road, and 600 airports. it built stadiums, swimming pools and sewage treatment plants. It set hundreds of artists to work decorating public buildings with murals. It hired writers to produce local histories and guidebooks to forty-eight states and to record the recollections of ordinary Americans, including hundreds or former slaves. People across America enjoyed live musicals and theatrical performances.
American Liberty League
It was an American political organization formed in 1934, primarily by conservative Democrats to oppose the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was highly active for just two years. Following the landslide re-election of Roosevelt in 1936, it sharply reduced its activities and disbanded entirely in 1940.
The Southern Tenant Farmers' Union (STFU) was founded in 1934 as a civil farmer's union to further organize the tenant farmers in the Southern United States.Originally set up during the Great Depression in the United States, the reasons for the establishment of the STFU are numerous, although they are all largely centered uponmoney and working conditions. Predominantly, the STFU was established as a response to policies of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).
Social Security Act of 1935
It embodied Roosevelt's conviction that the national government had a responsibility to ensure the material well-being of ordinary Americans. It created a system of unemployment insurance, old age pent ions, and aid to the disabled, the elderly poor and families with dependent children.
The Progressive platform of 1912 had called for assistance to poor families with dependent children descended from the mothers pension promoted my maternalist reformers.
First women appointed to the U.S. cabinet. Perkins championed many aspects of the New Deal, including the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration and its successor the Federal Works Agency, and the labor portion of the National Industrial Recovery Act. With the Social Security Act she established unemployment benefits, pensions for the many uncovered elderly Americans, and welfare for the poorest Americans. She pushed to reduce workplace accidents and helped craft laws against child labor. Through the Fair Labor Standards Act, she established the first minimum wage and overtime laws for American workers, and defined the standard forty-hour work week. She formed governmental policy for working with labor unionsand helped to alleviate strikes by way of the United States Conciliation Service, Perkins resisted having American women be drafted to serve the military in World War II so that they could enter the civilian workforce in greatly expanded numbers.
Fair labor standard act of 1938
The FLSA introduced a maximum 44-hour seven-day workweek, established a national minimum wage, guaranteed "time-and-a-half" for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited mostemployment of minors in "oppressive child labor"
" Four Freedoms "
The Four Freedoms were goals articulated by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 6, 1941. In an address known as the Four Freedoms speech (technically the 1941 State of the Union address), he proposed four fundamental freedoms that people "everywhere in the world" ought to enjoy:Freedom of speech Freedom of worship Freedom from want Freedom from fear Roosevelt delivered his speech 11 months before the United States declared war on Japan, December 8, 1941. The State of the Union speech before Congress was largely about the national security of the United States and the threat to other democracies from world war that was being waged across the continents in the eastern hemisphere. In the speech, he made a break with the tradition ofUnited States non-interventionism that had long been held in the United States. He outlined the U.S. role in helping allies already engaged in warfare.
War Production Board
Created in 1942 to coordinate industrial efforts in World Word II
Act or GI Bill of Rights
It provided money for education and other benefits to military personnel returning from WWII
Policy adopted by the Roosevelt administration in 1942 under which 110,000 persons of japanese descent, most of them American citizens, were removed from the West Coast and forced to spend most of WWII in internment camps
German Concentration/ Internment Camps
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps throughout the territories it controlled. The first Nazi concentration camps were hastily erected in Germany in February 1933 immediately afterHitler became Chancellor and his NSDAP was given control over the police through Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick and Prussian Acting Interior Minister Hermann Göring. Used to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers, the camps held around 45,000 prisoners by 1933 and were greatly expanded after the Reichstag fire of that year. Between 1939 and 1942 during World War II, the number of camps exploded to more than 300, as political prisoners and "undesirable elements" from across Europe were mass-incarcerated generally without judicial process.
System agreed to by Mexican and American governments in 1942 under which tens of thousands of Mexicans entered the United States to work temporarily in agricultural jobs in the Southwest. it lasted until 1964
A. Philip Randolph
Black leader called for a march on Washington. his demands included access to defense employment, an end to segregation and a national antilynching law. Roosevelt issued executive order 8802, which banned discrimination in defense jobs established a FEPC to monitor compliance.
Rosie the Riveter
Female industrial laborer depicted as a muscular and self-reliant in Norman Rockwell's famous magazine cover.
It was Issued in 1941 following meetings in Newfoundland between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British prime minister Winston Churchill, the charter signaled the Allies' cooperation and stated their war aims.
Organization of nations to maintain world peace. It was established in 1945.
Secret American program during WWII to develop an atomic bomb
U.S. strategy in the Cold War that called for containing Soviet expansion.
President Truman's program announced in 1947 of aid to European countries threatened by communism.
U.S. program for the reconstruction of post WWII Europe through massive aid to former enemy nations as well as allies.
National Security Council Report 68 (NSC-68) was a 58-page top secret policy paper issued by the United States National Security Council on April 14, 1950, during the presidency of Harry S. Truman. It was one of the most significant statements of American policy in the Cold War. NSC-68 largely shaped U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War for the next 20 years, and involved a decision to make Containment against global Communist expansion a high priority. The strategy outlined in NSC-68 arguably achieved ultimate victory with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent emergence of a "new world order" centered on American liberal-capitalist values alone.
Korea was divided in 1945 into Soviet and American Zones. In 1950 the North Korean army invaded the south. When UN forces neared the Chinese border, hundreds of thousands of Chinese troops intervened and pushed the U.S. back. The war then settles into a stalemate around the thirty-eighth parallel. An armistice was not agreed to until 1953. More than 33,000 Americans died in Korea
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