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2013-12-04 19:03:13
developmental psychlogy

final exam
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  1. Intelligence
    The capacity to understand the world
  2. Mental age
    The typical intelligence level found for people of a given chronological age
  3. Chronological age
    A person's age according to the calendar
  4. Intelligence quotient
    A score that expresses the ratio between a person's mental and chronological ages
  5. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5)
    A test that consists of a series of items that vary according to the age of the person being tested
  6. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV)
    A test for children that provides separate measures of verbal and nonverbal skills
  7. Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC-II)
    An intelligence test that measures children's ability to integrate different stimuli simultaneously and step-by-step thinking
  8. Fluid intelligence
    Intelligence that reflects information-processing capabilities
  9. Crystallized intelligence
    The accumulation of information
  10. Triarchic theory of intelligence
    The belief that intelligence consists of three aspects of information processing: the componential element
  11. Intellectual disability
    A significantly subaverage level of intellectual functioning that occurs with related limitations in two or more skill areas
  12. Mild intellectual disability
    Intellectual disability with IQ scores in the range of 50 or 55 to 70
  13. Moderate intellectual disability
    Intellectual disability with IQ scores from around 35 or 50 to 50 or 55
  14. Severe intellectual disability
    Intellectual disability with IQ scores that range from around 20 or 25 to 35 or 40
  15. Profound intellectual disability
    Intellectual disability with IQ scores below 20 or 25
  16. Gifted and talented
    Showing evidence of high-performance capability in intellectual
  17. Acceleration
    The provision of special programs that allow gifted students to move ahead at their own pace
  18. Enrichment
    Approach through which students are kept at grade level but are enrolled in special programs and given individual activities to allow greater depth of study on a given topic
  19. Industry-versus-inferiority stage
    According to Erikson
  20. Social comparison
    The desire to evaluate one's own behavior
  21. Self-esteem
    An individual's overall and specific positive and negative self-evaluation
  22. Social competence
    The collection of social skills that permit individuals to perform successfully in social settings
  23. Social problem-solving
    The use of strategies for solving social conflicts in ways that are satisfactory both to oneself and to others
  24. Dominance hierarchy
    Rankings that represent the relative social power of those in a group
  25. Coregulation
    A period in which parents and children jointly control children's behavior
  26. Self-care children
    Children ho let themselves into their homes after school and wait alone until their caretakers return from work; previously known as latchkey children
  27. Blended family
    A remarried couple that has at least one stepchild living with them
  28. Adolescence
    The developmental stage between childhood and adulthood
  29. Adolescent growth spurt
    A period of very rapid growth in height and weight during adolescence
  30. Puberty
    The period of maturation during which the sexual organs mature
  31. Menarche
    The onset of menstruation
  32. Secular trend
    A statistical tendency observed over several generations
  33. Primary sex characteristics
    Characteristics that are associated with the development of the organs and structures of the body that directly relate to reproduction
  34. Secondary sex characteristics
    The visible signs of sexual maturity that do not involve the sex organs directly
  35. Anorexia nervosa
    A severe and potentially life-threatening eating disorder in which individuals refuse to eat while denying that their behavior or skeletal appearance is out of the ordinary
  36. Bulimia
    An eating disorder that primarily afflicts adolescent girls and young women
  37. Stress
    The physical response to events that threaten or challenge us
  38. Psychosomatic disorders
    Medical problems caused by the interaction of psychological
  39. Coping
    Efforts to control
  40. Addictive drugs
    Drugs that produce a biological or psychological dependence in users
  41. Alcoholics
    People who have learned to depend on alcohol and are unable to control their drinking
  42. Sexually transmitted infection
    A disease that is spread through sexual contact
  43. Formal operational stage
    The stage at which people develop the ability to think abstractly
  44. Information-processing approach
    The perspective that seeks to identify the way that individuals take in
  45. Metacognition
    The knowledge that people have about their own thinking processes and their ability to monitor their cognition
  46. Adolescent egocentrism
    A state of self-absorption in which the world is viewed from one's own point of view
  47. Imaginary audience
    Fictitious observers who pay as much attention to adolescents' behavior as they do themselves
  48. Personal fables
    The view held by some adolescents that what happens to them is unique
  49. Fantasy period
    According to Ginzberg
  50. Tentative period
    The second stage of Ginzberg's theory
  51. Realistic period
    The stage in late adolescence and early adulthood during which people explore career options through job experience or training
  52. Communal professions
    Occupations associated with relationships
  53. Agentic professions
    Occupations associated with getting things accomplished
  54. Identity-versus-identity-confusion stage
    The period during which teenagers seek to determine what is unique and distinctive about themselves
  55. Identity achievement
    The status of adolescents who commit to a particular identity following a period of crisis during which they consider various alternatives
  56. Identity foreclosure
    The status of adolescents who prematurely commit to an identity without adequately exploring alternatives
  57. Moratorium
    The status of adolescents who may have explored various identity alternatives to some degree
  58. Identity diffusion
    The status of adolescents who consider various identity alternatives
  59. Autonomy
    Having independence and a sense of control over one's life
  60. Generation gap
    A divide between parents and adolescents in attitudes
  61. Reference groups
    Groups of people with whom one compares oneself
  62. Cliques
    Groups of between two and twelve people whose members have frequent interactions with one another
  63. Crowds
    Groups larger than cliques
  64. Sex cleavage
    Sex segregation in which boys interact primarily with boys and girls primarily with girls
  65. Controversial adolescents
    Children who are like by some peers and disliked by others
  66. Rejected adolescents
    Children who are actively disliked
  67. Neglected adolescents
    Children who receive relatively little attention from their peers in the form of either positive or negative interactions
  68. Peer pressure
    The influence of one's peers to conform to their behavior and attitudes
  69. Undersocialized delinquents
    Adolescent delinquents who are raised with little discipline or with harsh
  70. Socialized delinquents
    Adolescent delinquents who know and subscribe to the norms of society and who are fairly normal psychologically
  71. Masturbation
    Sexual self-stimulation