Gender and Personality
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Women and men are the most different when it comes to what?
physical attributes (height, weight, strength) and sexuality.
There are gender difference between which characteristics?
- agreeableness (sympathy)
- extraversion (assertiveness)
- nonverbal behavior
- risk taking
- occupational preferences
- mental disorders
- leadership styles
There are not gender difference in general ________?
There are small gender differences between _____________ ability and large differences between ________ and __________.
- spatial visualization (finding hidden figures in a picture)
- spatial perception of vertical and horizontal and mental rotation.
Which of the big five show the largest gender differences?
Neuroticism (women avg. higher N)
Which of the big five show the smallest gender differences?
Across all culture women tend to be only slightly higher than men in which three big five traits?
C, E, A
What facet of the agreeableness do women score higher on?
Which facet of extraversion to men score higher on?
When is comes to personality and big five traits women and men are more different or more similar?
they are more similar than different.
Explain the gender differences of women and men in regards to provoked and unprovoked agression.
Unprovoked agression: men are more physically agressive than women but only slightly more verbally aggressive.
Provoked agression: no gender differences.
Explain the gender differences in risk taking.
Men are overall more risky and implusive but women are not far behind. The differnces come from the type of risk and depends on age.
Explain gender differences in empathy.
The research shows that women report being more empathic and sensitive.
However men and women both feel empathy but men may be less likely to show nonmasculine behaviors when they know they are being monitoired.
Explain the gender differences of emtions.
There are no gender differences between women and mens physiological experience of emotion however women report more emotions.
But gender role expectations of appropriate emotions contribute to the differences.
Explain the gender differences of anxiety.
Women self report feeling more anxious. However there is no real clear gender difference in emtions of men and women in the current literature.
Explain the gender differences in the helping behavior.
Men and women don't differ in the amount of helping but in the way of helping. Women are more caregivers whereas men are more like heros or rescuers. Women are more likely to help someone they are close with whereas men are more likely to help strangers.
Explain the gender differences of influenceability.
When the topic is more feminine men are more likely to change their attitudes.
When the topic is more masculine, women are more likely to changes their attitudes.
There is no gender differences when the topic is gender-neutral.
Explain the gender differenes of self-esteem and self-confidence.
Men typically show higher self-esteem but this varies with age. The gender differences only come up with whites and not with blacks.
It has also been found that women may underplay there esteem and confidence to be modest or out of concern for other peoples feelings.
It has been found that men _______ their chances of success and women ________ their chances of success. Which might account for the slight gender differences found in self-esstem and self confidence.
What is the feminist theory?
gender differences become translated into value judgement of females as inferior to males.
What causes gender differences? And explain each.
- 1. Evolution: the different task of men (hunting) and women (children) produces differences.
- 2. Social context:
- 3. Social role theory
- 4. Social contruction
- 5. Biopsychosocail model
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