Botany December Quiz

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hellotrudy
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250884
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Botany December Quiz
Updated:
2013-12-05 00:20:50
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botany
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botany
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  1. What is California Poppy?
    • Name: Eschscholzia californica
    • Family: Papaveraceae
    • Native to CA, much of N. Am
    • Native to Asia
    • S.E. Asia
  2. What is in Eschscholzia californica?
    • Alkaloids
    • Flavone glycosides
  3. For what is poppy used for?
    • Tranquilizer
    • Used by Pomo indians:
    •   Northern Ca tribe on N of Santa Rosa
    •   Tranquilizers 
    •   Colicky benies
    •   Eases toothaches
    • Sedative
    • Help sleepiness
  4. What is used of the plant?
    • All parts are used
    • Mainly the root
    •   Root juice for stomachache, toothache
    • Aerial parts
    • Used as infusion
    • Tincture (25% alcohol)
  5. What is Ephedra?
    • Family: Ephedraceae
    • Name: Ephedra sinica
    • E. Viridis
    • Native to China, India/ Introduced to USA SW
  6. What is in Ephedra?
    • Alkaloids
    •   Ephedrine
    •   Pseudophedrine
    •   Present in up to 2% dried w=(lot)
    • Ephedrine = causes high blood pressure, "cure asthma"
    • Pseudophedrine= reduces heart rates, lowers blood pressure
  7. What is Ephedra used for?
    • TCM for 5000 years 
    • Mentioned in Hindu vedas
    • Stimulant
    •   Promoted as appetite suppressant 
    • Range of health problems
    •   Generally upper respiratory issues
    • Bronchiodilator (pseudophedrine)
    • Nasal decongestant 
    • Reduces allergic reactions
    •   Antihistamine
  8. How is it prepared?
    • Tincture (45% alcohol)
    • Decoction (3x/day)
    • Get about 15-30mg alkaloid for health
  9. Contraindications
    • Pregnancy
    •   Can cause uterine contractions
    • Heart problems
    •   Arrhythmia= irregular heartbeat
    • Heart attack
    • Death
    • Sales of dietary supplements with ephedra are banned by FDA
    •   Sudafed is still available
  10. Valerian 
    • Family: Valerianaceae
    • Name: Valeriana officinalis 
    • Many species 
    • Native to N. hemisphere
    • Can be invasive
    • Used as an ornamental
  11. What is in Valerian?
    • Monoterpenes
    •  Valepotriates!!
    • Main active ingredients
    •   150 different chemicals-many are active
    • Some chemicals are sensitive to temperature
  12. How is it used?
    • Used since Hippocrates (400 BC)
    • Nervine
    • Hypotensive
    • Treat anxiety
    •   Nervous excitation
    • Treat insomnia
    •   Without a "hangover"
    •   REM sleep normal
    •   Long term uses seem OK
    •   Scientific uses
    •   Mix scientific results
  13. How to use it...
    • Use the root powder or extract
    • Need high dose for effectiveness
    • Tincture
    •   60% alcohol 5-10ml/dose
    •   Most often used this way
    • Infusion
    •   Use dry root powder
    •   Cold or not (if not cover) cause chemical      leaves
  14. What is Parsley?
    • Name: Petroselinum crispum 
    • Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
    • Old name: Carcum petroselinum
    • Native to Mediterranean/ alot of varities
  15. For what is Parsley used?
    • Antibiotic
    •   Used to help bad breath
    •   Genito- urinary tract infection
    • Diuretic (esp from root extract)
    •   Especially in kidney problems
    •   Gravel, stones
    • Plague
    • Earache
    • Gas/flatuence
  16. Parsley is also used..
    • As an antispasmodic
    • Carminative= stimulates digestion, soothes gut wall, helping removal of gas in digestive tract
    • Emmenogogue= stimulant
    • Menstrual process
    •   Not recommended for pregnancy (not in capsules)
  17. Parsley is prepared
    • Fresh in the diet
    • Powdered (capsules)
    • Extract (juice)
    • Tincture (40% alcohol)
    • Infusion
  18. Sage
    • Name: Salvia officinalis
    • Mint family
    • Culinary sage
  19. Sage contains
    Terpenes
  20. Sage used as
    • Antispasmodic
    •   Reduces digestive cramps
    • Anti-inflammatory
    •   Mouth, throat, tonsils
    • Anti-microbial
    •   Mouth ulcers,gingivitis
    • Promotes wound healing 
    • Carminative
    • To reduce milk flow
  21. How to prepare it
    Eat it !
  22. Rosemary
    • Name: Rosemarinus officinalis 
    • Wildly used in antiquity
    • Evergreen
    • Family: Laminaceae (Mint)
  23. Rosemary has...
    • Volatile terpenes
    • Flavanoids
  24. Used as
    • Anti-microbial
    • Antispasmodic (esp. physiological tension-pooping)
    • Carminative
    • Emmenagogue
    • Rubefacient = localized stimulation of blood flow to the skin - promotes healing
    • Antidepressant 
    • Premature baldness (rub oil onto head)
  25. Prepared..
    Tincture
  26. Thyme
    • Name: Thymus vulgaris
    • Native to Mediterranean 
    • Mint family
  27. Thyme is used for
    • Gut antispasmodic
    • Antimicrobial
    •   Oil strongly antiseptic
    •   "thymol" = active ingredient in Listerine
    • Carminative- dyspepsin
    • Astringent

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