Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology
2013-12-09 15:51:15
Medical Terminology
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  1. Angina:
    chest pain.
  2. Anorexia:
    difficulty eating, leading to weight loss.
  3. Aphasia:
    loss of speech.
  4. Ataxia:
    difficulty walking.
  5. Atrophy:
    weakness and wasting away.
  6. Bradycardia:
    reduced pulse rate; heart beat slows to less than 60beats per minute
  7. Diplopia:
    double vision
  8. Dysphagia:
    difficulty swallowing
  9. Dysphasia
    speech difficulty
  10. Dysphonia:
    difficulty talking
  11. Dyspnea:
    shortness of breath
  12. Dysuria:
    painful urination; difficulty urinating
  13. Ecchymosis:
    common term is a bruise; a blue to purple discoloration of the skin due to damage to the underlying blood vessels; skin discoloration caused by the escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels.
  14. Edema:
  15. Emesis:
  16. Epistaxis:
    nose bleed
  17. Hemoptysis:
    coughing or spitting up blood from the respiratory tract; bloody sputum.
  18. Leukocytosis:
    increase in the number of leukocytes (white blood cells)
  19. Leukopenia:
    an abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells.
  20. Myalgia:
    muscle pain
  21. Neuralgia:
    nerve pain; sharp, shooting pain along a nerve.
  22. Neutropenia:
    an abnormally low number of neutrophils
  23. Neutrophilia:
    a higher-than-normal number of neutrophils in the blood
  24. Palpation:
    an examination technique in which the examiner’s hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
  25. Palpitation:
    a pounding or racing heart.
  26. Parturition:
    childbirth; the act of giving birth
  27. Petechiae:
    small pinpoint hemorrhages that are smaller versions of ecchymoses (bruises).
  28. Pruritus:
    itching; associated with most forms of dermatitis
  29. Purulent:
    means producing or containing pus.
  30. Pyrexia:
  31. Tachycardia:
    increased pulse rate; heart beat exceeds 100 beats per minute
  32. Abrasion
    —an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away.
  33. Atrophy
    –weakness and wasting away.
  34. Diarrhea
    –abnormally frequent loose or watery stools.
  35. Endocarditis
    –inflammation of the inner layer of the heart.
  36. Erythema
    —any redness of the skin such as a nervous blush, inflammation, or mild sunburn.
  37. Expectorate
    —(n) material coughed up or spit up from the throat or lungs; (v) to eject from the throat or lungs by coughing or spitting.
  38. Exudate
    --any fluid that filters from the circulatory system into lesions or areas of inflammation.
  39. Fasciitis
    –inflammation of a fascia.
  40. Glioma
    —tumor that arises from neuroglia
  41. Granuloma
    –a general term used to describe small knot-like swellings of granulation tissue
  42. Laceration
    —atorn or jagged wound or an accidental cut.
  43. Lesion
    –common term is a sore; a pathogenic change of the tissues (skin and mucosal membranes) due to disease or injury.
  44. Lymphadenitis
    –inflammation of the lymph nodes.
  45. Macule
    —a surface lesion that consists of a discolored, flatspot that is less than 1 cm in diameter. E.g. freckles or flat moles
  46. Neoplasm
    —any new and abnormal growth; specifically a new growth of tissue in which the growth is uncontrolled and progressive; also called tumor
  47. Nephritis
    —inflammation of the kidney.
  48. Nodule
    —a small solid bump; a small knob of tissue
  49. Osteomyelitis
    –an inflammation of the bone and bone marrow.
  50. Papilloma
    —a benign epithelial tumor that projects from the surrounding surface
  51. Papule
    —a surface lesion that consists of a small, solid, raised skin lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter. E.g. warts, insect bites, and skin tags
  52. Paresthesia
    —abnormal sensation of pricking, tingling, or creeping on the skin having no objective cause and usually associated with injury or irritation of a sensory nerve or nerve root.
  53. Photophobia
    —an extreme sensitivity to light.
  54. Plaque
    —is a surface lesion that consists of a solid raised area of skin that is different from the area around it and greater than 0.5 cm in diameter. E.g. the lesions of psoriasis
  55. Purpura
    —skin condition with extensive hemorrhages underneath the skin, covering a wide area.
  56. Pustule
    —a small, circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus; e.g. pus containing pimples
  57. Ulcer
    —an open sore or erosion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss and usually with inflammation.
  58. Urticaria
    —hives; a vascular reaction in the upper dermis that usually does not last long, consisting of localized edema with wheals; usually accompanied by pruritus and often caused by an allergy
  59. Vesicle
    —a circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter. E.g. small blister.
  60. Abscess
    —a localized collection of pus within a circumscribed (limited) area that is associated with tissue destruction.
  61. Anasarca
    —extreme generalized edema resulting from a systemic accumulation of serous fluid.
  62. Anemia
    —condition in which red blood cells do not transport enough oxygen to tissues;a decrease in the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin that results in tissues lacking adequate oxygen.
  63. Arthralgia
    • —joint pain; neuralgic pain in a joint or joints.
    • Ascites—the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  64. Conjunctivitis
    —inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids).
  65. Cynanosis
    —is a bluish color to the skin or mucus membranes that is usually due to a lack of oxygen in the blood.
  66. Cyst
    —a closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material
  67. Embolus
    —clot from somewhere in the body that blocks a small blood vessel in the brain
  68. Eosinophilia
    —an increase in peripheral blood eosinophilic leukocytes to more than 600 cells per microliter (μ L) of blood.
  69. Erythema nodosum
    —red nodules under the skin.
  70. Excoriation
    —injury to the surface of the skin caused by a scratch, abrasion, or burn, usually accompanied by some oozing.
  71. Hematemesis
    —vomiting blood or the presence of blood in vomit.
  72. Hematuria
    —blood in the urine.
  73. Hemolytic anemia
    –red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can replace them.
  74. Hepatosplenomegaly
    --the simultaneous enlargement of both the liver (hepatomegaly) and the spleen (splenomegaly)
  75. Hypoxia
    —reduction in the oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood
  76. Icterus
    —also known as jaundice; excessive bilirubin in the blood causing yellowing of the skin and the whites of eyes.
  77. Lymphadenopathy
    —swollen lymph nodes; a chronic, abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes.
  78. Myocarditis
    —inflammation of the heart muscle(myocardium)
  79. Myoclonus
    —sudden, rapid, brief, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles.
  80. Proteinuria
    —abnormal presence of protein in the urine.
  81. Pyelitis
    –inflammation of the renal pelvis.
  82. Retinitis
    —retina swelling
  83. Tachypnea
    —abnormally fast breathing
  84. Telangiectasia
    —a permanent dilation of the small blood vessels
  85. Thrombosis
    –an abnormal condition in which a thrombus develops within a blood vessel.
  86. Tinnitus
    —constant ringing or buzzing in the ear; the presence of sound in the ear when there is no external source.
  87. Vertigo
    —dizziness;an abnormal motion sensation that results from imbalances with the