Motivation: Part 4

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  1. emotion
    • reaction to a significant life event
    • action-specific and short-lived
  2. components of emotion
    • feeling: subjective experience, non-cognitive awareness, cognitive
    • bodily arousal: physiological activation, body prepares for action, motor responses
    • social-expressive: communication (facial and vocal expressions)
    • purpose: goal-directed motivational state
  3. moods
    • unconnected to actions, no specific antecedents
    • long-lasting
  4. unconscious causes of emotion
    • evolutionary history
    • subcortical processes
    • instant, automatic and unconscious reactions
    • basic emotions
  5. conscious causes of emotion
    • personal history
    • cortical processes
    • evaluative, interpretive, and conscious reactions
    • secondary emotions
  6. Comprehensive Biological-Cognitive Model
    • bi-directional dynamic interaction between biological and cognitive components of emotion
    • eg. facial feedback theory
  7. Basic Emotions
    • innate emotions with a distinct psychological pattern
    • babies and animals can experience
    • eg. fear, anger, sadness, disgust, joy, interest
  8. Functions of Emotions: Coping
    • each emotion has a specify, primary function that is intended to help us respond appropriately to an environmental stimulus
    • eg. fear is protective
  9. Functions of Emotions: Social
    • communicate feelings
    • influence interactions with other people
    • invite and facilitate social interactions (eg. come for cuddles vs. cookies)
    • create, maintain, and dissolve relationships
  10. Appraisal Theory
    perception of an event will effect our emotional reaction
  11. Primary Appraisal
    • evaluation of significance and potential benefit, harm, or threat
    • generates approach or avoidance
  12. Lazaraus's Complex Appraisal
    • appraise benefit, harm and threat differently
    • emotion is directly associated with interpretation
    • different people interpret the same event differently
  13. Secondary Appraisal
    evaluation of ability to cope with event
  14. Appraisal Model
    • primary then secondary appraisal
    • first of significance, then of coping ability
  15. Attribution Theory
    • interpretation of the outcome of an event
    • primary appraisal: is the outcome positive or negative?
    • secondary appraisal: source of outcome? ie. internal/external, stability, controlability
    • combination of the two determines which emotion is experienced
  16. Emotion Knowledge
    • instructions from others and associations made via experience about the causes of our emotions
    • dependent on social and cultural envrionment
  17. Emotional Intelligence
    • capacity to recognize our own feeling, the feelings of others
    • capacity to manage our own emotions and the emotions in a relationship
  18. Ability Approach
    • ability to perceive emotions accurately
    • ability to understand emotions and their meaning (ie. emotion knowledge)
    • ability to use emotions to facilitate thoughts (eg. changing appraisal or emotion)
    • ability to manage negative and positive emotions in self and others
Card Set:
Motivation: Part 4
2013-12-06 00:42:55
psych motivation 385

the nature and structure of emotion
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