Motivation: Part 5

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  1. stress
    a state of high physiological arousal in reaction to a real or perceived threat
  2. stressors
    • a threat, event, or change that causes stress
    • usually external, but can include internal cognitions
  3. eustress
    • optimal level of arousal (good stress)
    • stressors are motivators
    • individual differences
  4. distress
    • level of arousal is too high or low
    • negative reactions to stressors
    • individual differences
  5. coping
    • managing the discrepancy between situational demands and available resources
    • ongoing process of appraisal and reappraisal
  6. emotion-focused coping
    • attempt to control your emotional response to a stressor
    • this type of coping happens when we feel like we do not have control over the situation or that we lack the resources to handle the stressor
  7. behavioural approach to emotion-focused coping
    • focus on behavioural response
    • often attempt to distract self (eg. tv)
    • goal is to eliminate or replace negative emotion
  8. cognitive approach to emotion-focused coping
    • reappraisal of situation so that it is less stressful
    • more likely to reappraise in low intensity situations
  9. Antecedent-Focused Emotion Regulation
    selecting and modifying antecedents to lead towards a specific affective outcome
  10. problem-focused coping
    • attempt to reuse demands or expand resources to deal with the stressor
    • occurs when individual believes they are capable of changing the situation
  11. planful approach to problem-focused coping
    direct action to correct problem
  12. confrontative approach to problem-focused coping
    • assertive action, spontaneous with no analysis or forethought
    • involves anger or risk taking
  13. broaden and build theory
    • positive emotions have the capacity to lead us into upward spiral of well-being
    • thought-action repertoires, fuels resiliency, upward spiral
  14. thought-action repertoires
    • thinking is creative, flexible, and capable of seeing the big picture
    • can see different possibilities
  15. fuels resiliency
    • builds personal resources for confronting problems
    • related to thought-action repertoire
  16. upward spiral
    • experiencing positive emotions leads to experiencing more positive emotions, etc.
    • broader thinking, problem solving, resiliency, gain social support
  17. savouring
    • sharing with others
    • memory building
    • self-congratuatlion
    • comparing
    • sensory-perceptual sharpening
    • absorption
    • behavioural expression
    • temporal awareness
    • counting blessings
    • avoid kill-joy thinking
  18. sharing with others
    • talking to others about how much you are enjoying the moment
    • makes you more aware of present and increases salience
    • best way to experience PE
  19. build memories
    taking mental pictures of positive experiences to help with reminiscence later
  20. self-congratuatiations
    • "I am proud of me, my effort, and what I did"
    • connected to IM
  21. comparing
    contrasting what you feel with others, present moment to similar times or past expectations
  22. sensory-perceptual sharpening
    • focus on stimuli leading to PE and block out stimuli leading to NE
    • ie. reappraisal
  23. absorption
    • savour the moment by being completely where you are
    • ie. flow
  24. behavioural expression
    • showing that you are happy - laughing and jumping
    • focus on the experience of enjoyment without worrying what others thing
    • ie. facial feedback theory and biofeedback
  25. temporal awareness
    • reminding yourself that the present moment will pass and that you have to enjoy it while it is here
    • counter-acts tendency to wait to be happy until later
  26. counting blessings
    reminding yourself of how lucky you are
  27. avoid kill-joy thinking
    stop reminding yourself about other places to be, other things to do, or ruminating of past failed goals or negative experiences
Card Set:
Motivation: Part 5
2013-12-06 00:44:24
psych 385 motivation

emotion intelligence, coping, savouring,
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