Motivation: Part 7

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  1. hedonic view
    • short-term, present moment, ratio of positive to negative emotions
    • sometimes have to sacrifice positive emotions for long-term goals
    • avoid negative emotions
  2. eudemonic view
    • negative emotions have adaptive value
    • work towards optimal functioning and self-realization
    • WB results from the expression of our inner potentials and functioning in a positive healthy way
    • building mental health
  3. self-realization
    satisfaction derived from overcoming challenges
  4. optimal functioning
    in order to achieve and grow it is necessary to do hard things that do not always directly increase happiness
  5. flourishing and optimal functioning (Reeves)
    involves social, emotional, and psychological well-being
  6. psychological well-being (Reeves)
    • self-acceptance
    • personal growth
    • purpose in life
    • autonomy
    • positive relations with others
    • environmental mastery
  7. self-acceptance
    • positive evaluation and attitude towards the self, both the positive and negative aspects of who we are, as well as our past self
    • part of psychological well-being
  8. personal growth
    • feel as though you are growing as a person
    • open to new experiences and challenges
    • part of psychological well-being
  9. purpose in life
    • having goals and direction in life
    • feeling that life has meaning and purpose
    • part of psychological well-being
  10. autonomy
    • satisfaction of the need for autonomy
    • part of psychological well-being
  11. positive relations with others
    • satisfaction of the need for relatedness
    • part of psychological well-being
  12. environmental mastery
    • satisfaction of the need for competence
    • part of psychological well-being
  13. social well-being (Reeves)
    five components that are related to psychological well-being and psychological needs
  14. Well-Being in SDT
    • vitality
    • self-actualization
    • self-realization
    • meaning
  15. self-actualization
    • natural tendency to flourish and actualize the self
    • top of Maslow's pyramid
    • humanistic view
  16. self-facilitators
    • elements within the self lead to self-actualization
    • growth choices
    • authenticity
    • peak experiences
    • dropping defensiveness
    • allow the self to emerge
    • openness to experiences
  17. growth choices
    • make decisions to learn and change as a person rather than seek validation via comparing yourself to a standard
    • part of self-facilitation
  18. authenticity
    • be authentic with yourself and connected to your true self
    • chose to do what you do because you want to autonomously
    • part of self-facilitation
  19. peak experiences
    • know yourself to a degree where you can seek out situations that will lead to flow
    • connected to self-efficacy and mindset theory
    • finding situations which allow for negative feedback
    • part of self-facilitation
  20. dropping defensiveness
    • allow yourself to accept critiques and negative feedback
    • part of self-facilitation
  21. allow the self to emerge
    • find your strengths and talents (everyone has them) so that you can actualize them
    • part of self-facilitation
  22. openness to experience
    being open makes it possible to change and grow
  23. environmental facilitators
    • elements of the environment which help to increase an individual's self-actualization tendency
    • fulfillment of psychological needs
    • unconditional positive regard
    • relationships
  24. fulfillment of psychological needs
    • supporting psychological needs leads to self-actualization
    • environmental facilitator
  25. unconditional positive regard
    • in the absence of this, people will sacrifice their autonomy to gain positive regard
    • environmental facilitator
  26. relationships as facilitators
    • environmental facilitator
    • helping others
    • relating to others authentically
    • promoting the freedom to learn
  27. helping others
    • your own psychological needs are met when you help another person meet their psychological needs
    • environmental facilitator
    • relationships as a facilitator
  28. relating to others authentically
    • showing your true self to another person without imposing it
    • environmental facilitator
    • relationships as a facilitator
  29. promoting the freedom to learn
    • promoting learning that is intrinsic and not contingent on anything else (eg. grades)
    • environmental facilitator
    • relationships as a facilitator
  30. defining the self
    • social environment can help you to determine who you are
    • involves negative feedback
    • other people can help you find your strengths
    • similar idea to knowing the self
    • environmental facilitator
    • relationships as a facilitator
  31. meaning making
    • making sense of the things that happen to us
    • if we cannot, we experience the world as meaningless -> poor mental helath
  32. searching for meaning
    • look for meaning in an attempt to experience the presence of meaning
    • informs us of where we are in terms of personal growth
  33. situational meaning
    • always try to make sense of events
    • connection to secondary appraisal and model of attribution
  34. global meaning
    • being in congruence with the true self
    • eg. congruent, coherent goals
Card Set
Motivation: Part 7
hedonia vs eudemonia, mental health, meaning, self-actualization
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