anatomy unit 3

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soysauceftw
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251177
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anatomy unit 3
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2013-12-06 00:00:20
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anatomy
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  1. What is innervated by the ventral rami (5)
    • Trapezius
    • Latissimus Dorsi
    • Levator Scapulae
    • Rhomboids
    • Quadratus Lumborum (T12 and upper lumbar spinal nerves)
  2. What is innervated by the intercostal nerve from the ventral rami
    Serratus Posterior Superior and Inferior
  3. What is innvervated by the dorsal rami of spinal nerve (9)
    • Splenius Capitis
    • Splenius Cervicis
    • Iliocostalis
    • Longissimus
    • Spinalis
    • Semispinalis
    • Multifidus
    • Rotator Longus
    • Rotator Brevis
    • (Deep Muscle of the Back)
  4. Which muscles extends the trunk and head
    • Splenius Capitis
    • Splenius Cervicis
    • Erector Spinae (Bilaterally)
    • Transversospinal (Bilaterally)
    • Quadratus Lumborum (Bilaterally)
  5. Which muscles rotates the head and trunk
    • Semispinalis (turns opposite side)
    • Multifidus (turns opposite side)
    • Rotator Longus ( turns opposite side)
    • Rotator Brevis (turns opposite side)
  6. Which muscles causes lateral flexion of the trunk
    • Quadratus Lumborum (on the same side)
    • Erector Spinae (flexes head and trunk on the same side)
  7. What is valsalva maneuver
    increase in abdominal pressure when glottis is closed. needed for urination, defacation, childbearing etc.
  8. Which muscles are innervated by the intercostal nerves (4)
    • Rectus Abdominis
    • External Oblique
    • Internal Oblique
    • Tranverse Abdominal
  9. What is the linea alba and what inserts to it
    • fibers that run down the abdomen.
    • internal oblique
    • transverse abdominal
    • external oblique
  10. what is the inguinal ligament
    it is in the inferior edge of the external oblique which contains the inguinal canal and makes the superficial inguinal ring
  11. Which muscles flexes the trunk
    • Rectus Abdominis
    • External Oblique
    • Internal Oblique
    • Iliopsoas
  12. Which muscles rotate the trunk
    • internal oblique (same side)
    • external oblique (opposite side)
  13. Which muscles laterally flexes the trunk
    • External Oblique (same side)
    • Internal Oblique (same side)
  14. What is a direct hernia
    occur through a weak spot in the abdominal wall
  15. What is an indirect hernia
    a weak spot through the superficial inguinal ring
  16. Which way do limb buds grow
    with the dorsal sides facing up and ventral side facing down
  17. What is innervated by the femoral nerve (7)
    • Iliacus
    • Sartorious
    • Rectus Femoris
    • Vastus Lateralis
    • Vastus Medialis
    • Vastus Intermedius
    • (Anterior Compartment of the thigh except for tensor fascia lata)
    • and.... Pectineus
  18. What is innervated by the obturator nerve
    • Adductor Magnus (non-tibial portion)
    • Adductor Longus
    • Adductor Brevis
    • Gracilis
    • (Most of the medial compartment muscles of the thigh except for pectineus)
  19. Where is the articularis genu
    deep to the vastus intermedius
  20. What forms the femoral triangle
    • inguinal ligament
    • adductor longus
    • sartorious
  21. What is innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve
    • Gluteus maximus
    • Gluteus Medius
    • Gluteus Minimus
  22. What is the trendelenburg's sign
    when the gluteus medius and minimus are inactive and causes the unsupported limb to sag
  23. What is innervated by L5 and S1
    • Piriformis (and S2)
    • Obturator Internus
    • Gemellus Superior and Inferior
    • Quadratus Femoris
    • (Obturator Externus is innervated by obturator nerve)
  24. What is innervated by the sciatic nerve
    • Biceps femoris (tibial branch long head, common fibular branch short head)
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
  25. What is the popliteal fossa
    between biceps femoris and semitendinosus
  26. What flexes the thigh
    • Iliopsoas
    • Sartorious
    • Adductor Longus
    • Adductor Brevis
    • Pectineus
    • Rectus Femoris
    • Tensor Fasciae Latae
  27. What extends the thigh
    • Gluteus Maximus
    • Biceps Femoris, Long head
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
    • Adductor Magnus
  28. What abducts the thigh
    • Gluteus Medius
    • Gluteus Minimus
    • Tensor Fasciae Latae
    • Piriformis
  29. What adducts the thigh
    • Adductor Magnus
    • Adductor Longus
    • Adductor Brevis
    • Pectineus
    • Gracilis
  30. What causes medial rotation to the thigh
    • Tensor Fasciae Latae
    • Gluteus Medius
    • Gluteus Minimus
    • Adductor Magnus
    • Adductor Longus
    • Adductor Brevis
  31. What causes lateral rotation to the thigh
    • Piriformis
    • Obturator Internus
    • Obturator Externus
    • Gemelli
    • Quadratus femoris
    • Sartorius
    • Gluteus Maximus
  32. What causes flexion to the leg
    • Biceps Femoris
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
    • Sartorious
    • Gracilis
  33. What causes extension to the leg
    Quadriceps
  34. What causes medial rotation of flexed knee
    • Sartorius
    • Gracilis
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
  35. What causes lateral rotation of flexed knewee
    Biceps Femoris
  36. What is innervated by the deep fibular nerve
    • Tibialis Anterior
    • Extensor Digitorum Longus
    • Fibularis Tertius
    • Extensor Hallucis Longus
    • (Anterior compartment of leg)
    • and also extensor digitorum brevis
  37. What is innervated by the superficial fibular nerve
    Fibularis Longus and Brevis
  38. What is innervated by the tibial nerve
    Posterior Compartment of leg
  39. Layer 1 of plantar foor
    • Abductor Hallucis
    • Flexor Digitorum Brevis
    • Abductor Digiti Minimi
  40. Layer 2 of Plantar foot
    • Quadratus plantae
    • Lumbricals
  41. Layer 3 of Plantar foot
    • Flexor Hallucis Brevis
    • Adductor Hallucis
    • Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis
  42. Layer 4 of Plantar foor
    • Plantar Interossei
    • Dorsal Interossei

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