PSY exam 5

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  1. Abnormal Behavior
    • patterns of behaviors, thoughts, or emotions considered pathological for one or more of four reasons
    •      -deviance
    •      -dysfunction
    •      - distress
    •      - danger
  2. medical model
    perspective that assumes diseases have physical causes that cause that can be diagnosed, treated, and possibly cured
  3. psychiatry
    branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders
  4. diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
    mental health specialist share a uniform classification system
  5. neurosis
    outmoded term for disorders characterized by unrealistic anxiety and other associated problems
  6. Psychosis
    serious mental disorders characterized by extreme mental disruption and defective or lost contact with reality
  7. Insanity
    is a legal term indicating that a person cannot be held responsible for his or her actions. in the legal system
  8. five axes of DSM-IV-TR
    • Axis 1: Clinical disorders
    • Axis 2: Personality disorders and mental retardation
    • Axis 3: General Medical Condition
    • Axis 4: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems
    • Axis 5: Global Assessment of functioning
  9. anxiety disorder
    overwhelming apprehension and fear accompanied by ANS arousal
  10. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
    Persistent, uncontrollable, and free-floating nonspecific anxiety
  11. panic Disorder
    • sudden and inexplicable panic attacks
    • symptoms: dizziness, trembling, terror difficulty breathing, feelings of doom
  12. phobia
    intense, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or sistuation
  13. Agoraphobia
    fear of having a panic attack in crowded, enclosed, or wide open areas. where you can't receive emergency help.
  14. specific phobia
    fear of a specific fear or object
  15. social phobias
    irrationally fearful of embarrassing themselves in social situation
  16. Obsessive-Complusive Disorders
    Anxiety disorder that involves persistent, anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away (obsessions), and/or irresistible urges to preform rituals
  17. psychological explanation for anxiety disorders
    • faulty cognitions
    • maladaptive learning
  18. Biological explanation for anxiety disorders
    • evolution predispositions
    • genetic predispositions
    • biochemical distrubances
  19. Sociocultural explanation for anxiety disorders
    cultural pressures
  20. mood disorders
    extreme disturbances in emotional state
  21. major depresive disorder
    • long lasting depressed mood that interferes with the ability to function, feel pleasure, or maintain interest in life
    • side effects: trouble sleeping, weight gain, fatigue
  22. bipolar disorder
    • repeated episodes of mania alternating with depression
    • mania: hyperactivity, poor judgement, delusions
  23. biological Factor for mood disorders
    • decreased gray matter
    • decreased function in frontal lobes
    • imbalance in neurotransmitters
  24. psychosocial theories for mood disorders
    • psychoanalytic: anger turned inward
    • humanistic: personal growth is blocked
    • learned helplessness
  25. Schizophrenia
    • characterized by major disturbances in perception, language, thought, emotion, and behavior
    • emerges in late teens and mid thirties
    • strikes men earlier than women
  26. Hallucinations
    false, imaginary sensory perceptions that occur without external stimuli
  27. beliefs based on misrepresentation of reality
  28. subtypes of schizophrenia
    • paraniod: delusions and hallucinations
    • catatonic: motor disturbance and echo speech
    • disorganized: incoherent sheech, flat or exaggerated emotion, and social withdrwal
    • undifferentiated: varied symptoms that meet the criteria for schizophrenia but do not fall into any of the other subtypes
    • Residual: no longer meets the full criteria for schizophrenia but still shows some symptoms
  29. biological theories for schizophrenia
    • Prenatal stress
    • viral infections
    • birth complications
    • immune respose
    • maternal malnutritions
    • advance paternal age
  30. psychosocial theories of schizophrenia
    poor communication between family members
  31. dissociative disorder
    amnesia, fugue, or multiple personalities resulting from a splitting apart of experience from memory or consciousness
  32. Dissociative Identity Disorder
    Presence of two or more distinct personalities systems in the same individual at different timer
  33. personality disorder
    inflexible, maladaptive personality traits that cause significant impairment of social and occupational functioning
  34. Anitsocial personality disorder
    extreme disregard for and violation of the rights of others
  35. Borderline Personality disorder
    Severe instability in emotion and self-concept, along with implosive and self-destructive behavior
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PSY exam 5
2013-12-06 03:37:48

abnormal behavior
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