SOCIO221 CH 11
Card Set Information
SOCIO221 CH 11
SOCIO221 chapter 11 notecards
Drug refers to...
any substance that, when consumed, alters one or more of the functions of the human body
Examples of drugs
alcohol (beer, wine, and liquor)
high blood pressure medicine
Psychoactive Drugs refers to..
drugs that can produce major altercations in the mood, emotions, perceptions, or brain functioning of the person who takes them
Examples of psychoactive drugs
Drug Abuse refers to...
the continued use of a psychoactive substance at a level that violates approved social practices
Examples of drug abuse
the use of the substance meets social disapproval and has negative consequences for the user's health, harms the user's relationships with others, and is a threat to others
Drug dependence refers to...
a mental or physical craving for a drug and withdrawal symptoms when use of the drug is stopped
Drug dependence can be either...
physical, psychological, or both
Example of drug dependence
a person can become physically or psychologically dependent on socially approved drugs like alcohol or socially disapproved drugs like crack or methamphetamines
Drug addition refers to...
a physical dependence on a drug
Example of drug addition
a person becomes physically dependent on socially approved drugs like oxycontin or socially disapproved drugs like heroin
Tolerance refers to...
physical changes that result in the need for higher and higher doses of the drug to achieve the same effect
Example of tolerance
the liver destroys the drug more quickly, diminishes the response of the nervous system to the drug, and more of the drug to get a high or boost
Cross-dependence refers to...
a situation wherein the withdrawal symptoms of one drug are alleviated by another drug in the same pharmacological class
Example of cross-dependence
a person takes methadone to alleviate the withdrawal symptoms of heroin
Cross-tolerance refers to...
a situation wherein a tolerance built up to one drug leads to a reduced response to another drug in the same pharmacological class
An example of cross-tolerance
a person develops a tolerance for high levels of heroin and opium
Alcohol refers to...
a psychoactive drug that can be purchased without a prescription by adults in the USA
Example of alcohol
7% of adults in the USA are heavy drinkers in that they consume 5+ drinks in one sitting at least 5 times per month
Alcoholism refers to...
the consumption of alcohol at a level that produces serious personal, social, or health consequences, including marital problems, occupational problems, accidents, and arrests
Example of alcoholism
15% of male drinkers and 6% of female drinkers in the USA suffer from alcoholism
Marijuana refers to...
cannabis products smoked as a cigarette, placed in a pipe, placed in baked goods like cookies, or made into pills
Example of marijuana
5% of full-time college students smoked marijuana everyday according to a 2008 survey
Stimulants refers to...
drugs whose main effect is to stimulate the central nervous system
Example of stimulants
cocaine is a stimulant derived from coca leaves
one in six adults have tried cocaine
Depressants refers to...
drugs whose main effect is to depress the central nervous system
Example of depressants
barbituarates are a depressant
Potentiation refers to...
a situation wherein two depressants are taken at the same time
Example of potentiation
alcohol is mixed with barbiturates
Narcotics refers to...
drugs whose main use is as analgesics or painkillers
Example of narcotics
Hallucinogens refers to...
drugs that produce hallucinations, often of a visual nature
Example of hallucinogens