History 10 FINAL EXAM
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History 10 FINAL EXAM
History 10 FINAL EXAM
History 10 Final Exam
The Articles of Confederation
1. They set the rules for operations of the "U.S." confederation
2. In order to change the constitution, it had to a be unanimous vote
3. States had power to tax their own ppl
: They didn't strike right balance between large & small states in legislative decision making process, so they were replaced by the Constitution
The Bill of Rights
1. List of fundamental rights of citizens of the U.S.
2. There would be no Bill of Rights if it weren't for the complaints from opponents of Constitution
3. Prevented the ensuing misinterpretations of power by the gov
: Served to protect rights from infringement by the gov
Alien and Sedition Acts
1. Laws targeted Jeffersonians rather than Federalists
2. Alien Friends Act allowed Pres to deport anyone who apposed a threat
3. Sedition Act allowed citizens to be jailed if they said anything bad against government
: Acts were repealed and ended with a fight in Congress over Sedition Acts
Formation of political parties
1. They perform important function of legitimizing the political system by representing diff social groups & lending authority to political decisions.
2. They play key role in materializing a regime's organizational principles
3. Political parties are most important intermediate structures between the executive and the parliament
: Meant to join together to sell their ideas to their fellow citizens by ultimately putting these ideas into practice in gov for good of the nation.
Lewis & Clark Expedition
1. They were in territory that had not really been "claimed" yet
2. Montana, parts of Idaho, & Pacific Northwest had really good land
3. They got back in 1806 & got land w/ other rewards
: They found out there's no Northwest passage
War of 1812
1. There was Marytime tensions between British vs. new U.S. & French vs. U.S.
2. Caused crisis during Jeffersonian era
3. This war was immensely unpopular on Atlantic Sea Board, New England
: U.S. proved that it had a right to be a power in the international stage.
1. He was the last president to be veteran of Revolutionary War
2. Hero of Battle of New Orleans
3. He had a very horrible childhood
: He allowed "common" people to work in government, and believed that soverienty belonged with the people.
1. Created pan-Indian confederacy (movement across tribes) in Old Northwest
2. He was very against selling Indian lands
3. He was credited w/ helping lower Canada from U.S
: He was remembered as visionary who sought to unite all Indians against advance of white society
Trail of Tears
1. 16,000 Cherokees walked the trail
2. The total number of deaths estimated at 4000 from disease
3. Andrew Jackson used military force to evacuate tribes from their homeland.
: One of many attempts by the Whites to remove Native Amer's from their homelands by force
1. South freaks over new Northern-friendly tariff
2. South Carolina decides it can "nullify" any federal law it doesn't like
3. South wanted to trade big thing, cotton, w/ Great Britain
: Henry Clay helped this compromise, then crisis passed w/ ppl calming down
1. Rotating drum w/ nails that quickly separated cotton seeds to form fiber
2. It did the work of 50 slaves
3. It turned child labor into necessity
: It paved the way to Civil War & reinvigorated slavery
1. A lot of ppl shot themselves accidently
2. Trail was boring and dusty
3. Diseases tended to kill 1/10 ppl
: It was the gateway to the West
1. The Americans out numbered them
2. Mexico invaded Texas & the U.S. and shot ppl
3. U.S. declared war against Mexico
: U.S. won and accomplished in expansion of the country
Compromise of 1850
1. They wanted to split down the middle to slave state and free slave state
2. They made Cali a free slave state
3. There was no slave trade in D.C.
: The republicans & democrats were finally happy & slavery was stil alive in the form of labor and non-rights
Dred Scot Decision
1. The Supreme Court denied Scott his freedom
2. A slave didn't become free when taken into a free state
3. Congress couldn't bar slavery from a territory & blacks could not be citizens.
: The decision barred slaves and their descendants from citizenship, thus, helping to push country towards civil war.
1. Gold was struck in Cali
2. The ppl that found gold weren't excited about it & kept it secret
3. It brought ppl from all over the world to Cali
: It solidified the US claim to the entire middle of the North Amer continent
Fugitive Slave Act
1. It brought ugliness of slavery into the North
2. It tended to radicalize both sides
3. It was forced by Federal law to kidnap slaves
: It gave then the right to go into the north and bring back what they viewed as property
1. A firm demonstration of the President’s executive war powers.
2. It only applied to the states in rebellion
3. It helped prevent the involvement of foreign nations in the Civil War.
: It paved the way for African-Americans to fight for their freedom & for total abolition of slavery in U.S.
The Civil War
1. War had everything to do w/ slavery
2. VP said that the reason this situation happened is because blacks were "inferior" to whites
3. South went to war to preserve slavery
: It had a profound impact, technologically, on the development of modern weapons and techniques.
1. He was greatest failure as president to bring just peace
2. He was a Southerner & pro-union democrat because he was angry at Aristocrats
3. He did not have desire to help slaves
: Despite not being respected for his vision of reconstruction, the 13th & 14th amendments were passed freeing & extending rights to slaves during his time in office.
Year Constitution was Ratified
Years of the Civil War
-Commander-in-Chief of Continental Army
-President of the 1787 Constitutional Convention
-First President (1789-1797)
-Elected unanimously by electoral college
John Adams (1735-July 4, 1826)
-Second Pres (1797-1802)
-Defended British soldiers from Boston "Massacre"
Secretary of State
In charge of foreign policy; In charge nation's diplomacy
Thomas Jefferson (1743 - July 4, 1826)
-First Secretary of State
The slaves built the White house and ______ ________ was the first to move into it.
Election of 1800
-John Adams vs. Thomas Jefferson
-Hamilton was mad w/ Adams about making peace w/ France
-Democratic-Rep wanted Aaron Burr
-Aaron Burr shot Hamilton
-In tied elections, congress decides which was dominated by Democrats
-Most powerful, influential guy among Federalists
-He & Jefferson are opposites, Also had PERSONAL hatred against Burr as human being
-Hamilton went for Jefferson & Jefferson won
-Election was big deal cuz "normal way" to replace one party or set of beliefs w/ another was to have a Revolution; to change it, u had to kill each other
-As much as we hated political ranker of parties, in this case, they didn't have to shoot each other
Fancy way of saying that North & South economic systems were/weren't based onslavery; tension between slaves/free states