History 10 FINAL EXAM

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tatiyvonne
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History 10 FINAL EXAM
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2013-12-12 01:25:27
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History 10 FINAL EXAM
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History 10 Final Exam
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  1. The Articles of Confederation
    • 1. They set the rules for operations of the "U.S." confederation
    • 2. In order to change the constitution, it had to a be unanimous vote
    • 3. States had power to tax their own ppl
    • SIG: They didn't strike right balance between large & small states in legislative decision making process, so they were replaced by the Constitution
  2. The Bill of Rights
    • 1. List of fundamental rights of citizens of the U.S.
    • 2. There would be no Bill of Rights if it weren't for the complaints from opponents of Constitution
    • 3. Prevented the ensuing misinterpretations of power by the gov
    • SIG: Served to protect rights from infringement by the gov
  3. Alien and Sedition Acts
    • 1. Laws targeted Jeffersonians rather than Federalists
    • 2. Alien Friends Act allowed Pres to deport anyone who apposed a threat
    • 3. Sedition Act allowed citizens to be jailed if they said anything bad against government
    • SIG: Acts were repealed and ended with a fight in Congress over Sedition Acts
  4. Formation of political parties
    • 1. They perform important function of legitimizing the political system by representing diff social groups & lending authority to political decisions.
    • 2. They play key role in materializing a regime's organizational principles
    • 3. Political parties are most important intermediate structures between the executive and the parliament
    • SIG: Meant to join together to sell their ideas to their fellow citizens by ultimately putting these ideas into practice in gov for good of the nation.
  5. Lewis & Clark Expedition
    • 1. They were in territory that had not really been "claimed" yet
    • 2. Montana, parts of Idaho, & Pacific Northwest had really good land
    • 3. They got back in 1806 & got land w/ other rewards
    • SIG: They found out there's no Northwest passage
  6. War of 1812
    • 1. There was Marytime tensions between British vs. new U.S. & French vs. U.S.
    • 2. Caused crisis during Jeffersonian era
    • 3. This war was immensely unpopular on Atlantic Sea Board, New England
    • SIG: U.S. proved that it had a right to be a power in the international stage.
  7. Andrew Jackson
    • 1. He was the last president to be veteran of Revolutionary War
    • 2. Hero of Battle of New Orleans
    • 3. He had a very horrible childhood
    • SIG: He allowed "common" people to work in government, and believed that soverienty belonged with the people.
  8. Tecumseh
    • 1. Created pan-Indian confederacy (movement across tribes) in Old Northwest
    • 2. He was very against selling Indian lands
    • 3. He was credited w/ helping lower Canada from U.S
    • SIG: He was remembered as visionary who sought to unite all Indians against advance of white society
  9. Trail of Tears
    • 1. 16,000 Cherokees walked the trail
    • 2. The total number of deaths estimated at 4000 from disease
    • 3. Andrew Jackson used military force to evacuate tribes from their homeland.
    • SIG: One of many attempts by the Whites to remove Native Amer's from their homelands by force
  10. Nullification Crisis
    • 1. South freaks over new Northern-friendly tariff
    • 2. South Carolina decides it can "nullify" any federal law it doesn't like
    • 3. South wanted to trade big thing, cotton, w/ Great Britain
    • SIG: Henry Clay helped this compromise, then crisis passed w/ ppl calming down
  11. Cotton Gin
    • 1. Rotating drum w/ nails that quickly separated cotton seeds to form fiber
    • 2. It did the work of 50 slaves
    • 3. It turned child labor into necessity
    • SIG: It paved the way to Civil War & reinvigorated slavery
  12. Oregon Trail
    • 1. A lot of ppl shot themselves accidently
    • 2. Trail was boring and dusty
    • 3. Diseases tended to kill 1/10 ppl
    • SIG: It was the gateway to the West
  13. Mexican-American War
    • 1. The Americans out numbered them
    • 2. Mexico invaded Texas & the U.S. and shot ppl
    • 3. U.S. declared war against Mexico
    • SIG: U.S. won and accomplished in expansion of the country
  14. Compromise of 1850
    • 1. They wanted to split down the middle to slave state and free slave state
    • 2. They made Cali a free slave state
    • 3. There was no slave trade in D.C.
    • SIG: The republicans & democrats were finally happy & slavery was stil alive in the form of labor and non-rights
  15. Dred Scot Decision
    • 1. The Supreme Court denied Scott his freedom
    • 2. A slave didn't become free when taken into a free state
    • 3. Congress couldn't bar slavery from a territory & blacks could not be citizens.
    • SIG: The decision barred slaves and their descendants from citizenship, thus, helping to push country towards civil war.
  16. Gold Rush
    • 1. Gold was struck in Cali
    • 2. The ppl that found gold weren't excited about it & kept it secret
    • 3. It brought ppl from all over the world to Cali
    • SIG: It solidified the US claim to the entire middle of the North Amer continent
  17. Fugitive Slave Act
    • 1. It brought ugliness of slavery into the North
    • 2. It tended to radicalize both sides
    • 3. It was forced by Federal law to kidnap slaves
    • SIG: It gave then the right to go into the north and bring back what they viewed as property
  18. Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1. A firm demonstration of the President’s executive war powers.
    • 2. It only applied to the states in rebellion
    • 3. It helped prevent the involvement of foreign nations in the Civil War.
    • SIG: It paved the way for African-Americans to fight for their freedom & for total abolition of slavery in U.S.
  19. The Civil War
    • 1. War had everything to do w/ slavery
    • 2. VP said that the reason this situation happened is because blacks were "inferior" to whites
    • 3. South went to war to preserve slavery
    • SIG: It had a profound impact, technologically, on the development of modern weapons and techniques.
  20. Andrew Johnson
    • 1. He was greatest failure as president to bring just peace
    • 2. He was a Southerner & pro-union democrat because he was angry at Aristocrats
    • 3. He did not have desire to help slaves
    • SIG: Despite not being respected for his vision of reconstruction, the 13th & 14th amendments were passed freeing & extending rights to slaves during his time in office.
  21. Year Constitution was Ratified
    1788
  22. Years of the Civil War
    1861-1865
  23. President Washington
    (1732-1799)
    • -Commander-in-Chief of Continental Army
    • -President of the 1787 Constitutional Convention
    • -First President (1789-1797)
    • -Above party
    • -Elected unanimously by electoral college
  24. John Adams (1735-July 4, 1826)
    • -First VP
    • -Second Pres (1797-1802)
    • -Federalist Party
    • -Defended British soldiers from Boston "Massacre"
  25. Secretary of State
    In charge of foreign policy; In charge nation's diplomacy
  26. Thomas Jefferson (1743 - July 4, 1826)
    • -"Jeffersonian Republican"
    • -First Secretary of State
    • -Virginian
    • -Third Pres
    • -1801-1809
  27. The slaves built the White house and ______ ________ was the first to move into it.
    John Adams
  28. Election of 1800
    • -John Adams vs. Thomas Jefferson
    • -Hamilton was mad w/ Adams about making peace w/ France
    • -Democratic-Rep wanted Aaron Burr
    • -Aaron Burr shot Hamilton
    • -In tied elections, congress decides which was dominated by Democrats
    • -Most powerful, influential guy among Federalists: Hamilton
    • -He & Jefferson are opposites, Also had PERSONAL hatred against Burr as human being
    • -Hamilton went for Jefferson & Jefferson won
    • -Election was big deal cuz "normal way" to replace one party or set of beliefs w/ another was to have a Revolution; to change it, u had to kill each other
    • -As much as we hated political ranker of parties, in this case, they didn't have to shoot each other
  29. Sectionalism
    Fancy way of saying that North & South economic systems were/weren't based onslavery; tension between slaves/free states

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